Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,060 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     826 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     512 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     207 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      172 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       157 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      130 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       68 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1929, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        42 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       37 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

March 24 adds: 6 maps; 8 detail images; 3 improved images

Try my new "Search" capability at the box at the top!

Next update: March 31

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 34.4%; 2. Lithuania 12.6%; Latvia: 10.3%; 4. Germany: 8.6%; 5. Other: 34.1%

  • 1663 (dated) N. Sanson I (cartographer/publisher): "La Livonie Duche: divisée en ses princip[a]les
    parties Esten, et Letten etc.," Paris, in a greatly-improved image (from 207 KB to 8.5 MB) from"
    Geographia Cartes Generales de la Nouvelle Ancienne," published by Chez Pierre Mariette.  Compare with  the
    version published 1697, also dated "1663"

  • c1720 J. B. Homann (geographer/cartographer): "Regni Poloniæ magnique Ducatus Lithuaniæ
    nova..." (9.5 MB),  Nürnberg, in a third version with "Cum Privil. Sac. Caes. Maj." at the bottom of the
    cartouche, which is highlighted in a detail image (90 KB). The source mistakenly claimed it was published 1707.
    Compare with  the 1712, c1718, 1729, and 1739 versions   

  • c1749 J.G. Schreiber (engraver/cartographer/publisher): "Reise Charte durch das Königreich Polen
    mit allen darzu gehörigen Laendern," Leipzig, originally engraved in 1700, in an improved image (from
    233 KB to 294 KB, along with a detail image: 271 KB), of the second of two versions from "Atlas selectus von
    allem Königreichen und Ländern der Welt," first published 1735. Compare with the 1730 and 1739 versions

  • 1752 Jeffreys (engraver) - Salmon (historian): "Poland Lithuania and Prussia," Dublin, in a greatly-
    improved image (from 55 KB to 215 KB), with a "Type C" cartouche, from, the source claims, the Dublin "3rd
    edition," of "A new geographical and historical grammar..."

  • 1780 (dated 1750) Robert de Vaugondy (mapmakers/publishers -- that's the complete last name:
    "Vaugondy," alone, is not the last name of this family): "POLOGNE," (220 KB), like many other of his maps
    with "Avec Privilege," continued to be published long after the date on the plate. The Robert de Vaugondys
    produced many atlases from 1740 to the end of the century. Apart from the large "Atlas Universelle'"and the
    small "Atlas Militaire," the family allowed their maps to be 'licensed' by others. Later editions had new maps
    engraved, but they followed Robert de Vaugondy's outdated geography. The colorist of this map inexpertly
    included a label for "Royaume de Prusse" within "Pologne's" boundaries

  • 1827 Plater (geographer): "Mappa Polski i Krajów okolicznych " (...and surrounding countries)    
    in two images (363 and 142 KB), Poznań, depicting political/guberniya  boundaries, from his "Atlas   
    statystyczny Polski i krajow okolicznych" (Statistical Atlas of Poland and neighboring countries)

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1827 Two more Plater "Mappa Polski" maps from the atlas previously mentioned:
  • "Język" (188 KB), based on language, along with two detail images of the Lithuanian   area (235   
    and  306KB), and a detail image of the legend (45 KB). Especially interesting boundaries for "Język
    Litewski" (Lithuanian language): extending miles further east than "Smorgonie" (Smurgainys in
    Lithuanian, or Смарго́ньi n today's Belarus); as far south as "Grodno" (Gardinas in Lithuanian,
    Гродна, in today's Belarus); as far west as  miles beyond "Insterburg" (Įsrutis in Lithuanian, or
    Черняхо́вск in today's Kaliningrad Oblast)

  • "Religie" (263 KB), which covers Christian religions, along with a detail image (199 KB) of the
    Lithuanian area, and a detail image of the legend (76 KB). The legend's color-coded options:
  • "Obrządek Rzymsko-Katolicki" (Roman Catholic)
  • "Obrządek Greko-uniacki" (Ruthenian Uniate Church), which later became the Ukrainian
    Greek Orthodox Church
  • "Obrządek Greko-Rossyski (Russian Greek-Catholic Church), which today is in full union   
    with the Roman Catholic Church
  • "Obrządek Protestancki" (Protestant Church)

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1801 - 1881 Ward - Prothero - Leathes - Benians (editors): "Russia in Europe in the
    19th Century" (1.0 MB), London, from the 1912 "Cambridge Modern History Atlas." Depicts Russian
    Empire acquisitions by Alexander I through those of  Alexander II
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: