Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,018 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     809 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     512 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     202 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      169 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       156 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      128 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       57 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1921, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        41 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       36 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

January 27 adds: 9 maps; 3 detail images; 2 greatly-improved images

Next update: February 24

On February 15 an exhibition of 15 - 20 of my large maps of historic Lithuania, 1552 -
1862, will open at the Lithuanian Consulate on Fifth Ave. a
t 37th Street in New York  
City. The show will run through March 31. Email me at if    
you'd like to attend.

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 32.8%; 2. Lithuania 13.3%; Latvia: 10.5%; 4. Germany: 7.8%; 5. Other: 35.6%

  • 1708 Two maps by A-H Jaillot (sculptor/geographer/publisher) based on work by N. Sanson, one published  
    by Jaillot, one by Mortier, both in the same year:
  • Jaillot (publisher): "Estats de la Couronne de Pologne..." (4.4 MB), Paris, without attribution to
  • Mortier (publisher): "Estats de Pologne..." (5.3 MB), Amsterdam and Paris, from Mortier's "Atlas  
    Nouveau..." Credit to Sanson given in the cartouche

  • 1748 Baeck/Bäck (engraver/publisher): "La Pologne..." Augsburg,  in two new versions, one an improved
    image of the existing one (from 78 KB to 167 KB), and a new, second image (188KB) from Erdman  
    Machenbauer J.A.'s "Der curiose und...Nüssliche Dollmetscher.” In each version, only five of the 12 spaces for
    coats-of-arms are filled

  • 1774 Janvier (geographer/cartographer) - J. Lattre II (engraver): "Les Royaumes de Pologne et de
    Prusse, avec le Duche de Curlande, divises en provinces et palatinats..." Paris, in an greatly
    improved image (from 348 KB to 4.2 MB) of the second of two versions from "Atlas Geographique." First   
    issued 1760, updated through 1780. This edition depicts lands lost in the First, 1772, Partition

  • 1880 J.J.E. Reclus (geographer) - C.E. Perron (mapmaker) - Hachette (publisher): "No 88 --Vilno" (270
    KB), Paris, a woodcut miniature from the 19-volume "La Nouvelle Géographie universelle, la terre et les
    hommes," published 1875-94. Depicts an area from "Nouv. Troki" to "Vilno"   

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1880 Two more woodcut miniature maps by the team of Reclus and Perron from "La Nouvelle
    Géographie universelle...):
  • "No 85 -- Pays des Lithuaniens et Principaute de Lithuanie" (317 KB),  depicting the  
    range of "Letto-Lithuaniens" in the 10th century, "Letto-Lithuaniens" in the 19th century, and
    Germans, Poles and Russians at the time the map was published
  • "No 87 -- Limites des Catholiques et des Orthodoxes en Lithuanie" (321 KB), depicting
    range of Greek/Orthodox Catholics, Roman Catholics, Protestants and "Maltometanie"(?)

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • 1328 - 1462 (Anon.): "IV РУСЪ" (Russia) (265 KB), showing "няжество Литовское" (Duchy of
    Lithuania). Also a detail image of the Lithuanian area (292 KB), and two detail images of the legend (2x

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1789 von Reilly (map-maker/publisher): "Des Russischen Reiches Statthalterschaften Riga
    oder das Herzogthum Liefland, Reval oder das Herzogthum Esthland... Nro. 65" (8.9 MB),
    Vienna, from "Schauplatz der fünf Theile der Welt..," published 1789 - 1806, adding a map a week, and
    eventually totalling 830 maps!

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • 1745 R & I Ottens (mapmakers) - Renard (publisher): "Mare Balticum / Nieuwe Pascaert van     
    de Oost Zee" (8.5 MB), Amsterdam, from "Atlas van zeevaert en koophandel door de geheele  
    weereldt," the Dutch translation of Renard's "Atlas de la navigation et du commerce..," originally  
    published in French, in Amsterdam, in 1715. Many towns identified along the coasts of "Pommern,"
    "Pruyssen," "Samogitia," "Coerland," and "Lyflant," from "Dantzigk" and "Coningsbergen," to "Der
    Memel," "Lybaw," "Der Winda," "Ryga," "Pernaw," "Hapsal," "Revel," and "Narva," as well as many,
    many small towns in-between
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: