Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,399 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many in high definition; all in downloadable jpegs
  •     825 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     227 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     186 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      171 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      147 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     103 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        47 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       45 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, April 28 - May 11: 10 maps; 1 detail image; 4 improved images; 1 town plan

Next update: June 8 (on vacation!)

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.4%; 2. Lithuania: 18.8%; 3. Latvia: 16.7%; 4. Russia: 6.3%; 5. Other: 30.8%

  • c1595 Grodeckis (original cartographer/engraver) - Ortelius (publisher): "POLONIÆ LITVANIÆ Q
    DESCRIPTIO" (1.4 MB), Antwerp, in a sixth differently-colored version from "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum,"
    the first modern atlas: the first systematic collection of maps that included all parts of the world, with maps in    
    a uniform format. Ortelius collected the best available maps and had them re-engraved in a uniform size. It   
    also is the first printed book of any kind to footnote sources. This map is the first issue of Ortelius’s second
    published map of Poland and Lithuania, which replaced the earlier plate dating from 1570.  The title has been
    changed and the cartouche redesigned, and there are alterations to the geography, particularly on the right-
    hand (eastern) side of the map

  • 1630 Mercator (mapmaker) - Hondius Family (publishers): "LIVONIA," Amsterdam, in an improved image
    (from 4.2 MB to 8.2 MB), of Mercator's 1627 map, reissued by Hondius in Amsterdam, with "Henrici  Hondij
    1627" in the lower right corner, above the frame line. The source incorrectly listed the publication date for this
    map as 1627

  • 1636 Hondius (publisher): "MAGNI DVCATVS LITHVANIÆ," Amsterdam, in a greatly improved image
    (from 289 KB to 5.3 MB) of a third version published by Hondius, identifiable by the "Sumptibus Henrici
    Hondy" (published by) just above the bottom left frameline. The map is a reduced, one-sheet, version of   
    Blaeu's four-sheet version of Hessel Gerritsz's 1613 map

  • c1667 Ortelius (original mapmaker) - Galle (copied 1593 publisher) - Marchetti (publisher): "POLONIÆ
    DESCRIPTIO," Venice, in a greatly improved second version image (from 45 KB to 342 KB) from "Il Theatro
    del Mondo," often referred to as the plagiarized version of Ortelius' "Epitome." Compare with the 1655    
    version. Italian editions of this map were published until 1697

  • c1680 Wit (engraver/publisher): "REGNI POLONIÆ et Dvcatus LITHVANIÆ, Voliniae, Podol
    iae Vcraniae Prvssiæ et Cvrlandiæ Novissima et Correctissima Descriptio" (8.8 MB), Amsterdam,
    in a unique 1680 version with the first state of the cartouche: on either side of the map is an alphabetic index
    with hundreds of place names and map coordinates. While the cartouche is the first state, without the
    "Privilege" granted in 1989, there is mention of Wit having a "Privilegio" at the bottom right corner of the
    alphabetic index. See the  page "MapmakersT-Z" on Wit for examples of the different states of the cartouche.
    The source estimated the date of this map as 1665

  • 1684 J. Danckerts (engraver/publisher): "DUCATUUM LIVONIÆ et CURLANDIÆ NOVISSIMA
    TABULA in Quibus sunt ESTONIA LITLANDIA..." (1.7 MB), Amsterdam, in a second version. The    
    map also appeared in a Cornelius Danckerts atlas as late as 1698

  • 1713 Aa (publisher): "La Pologne..." (1.2 MB), Leiden, from his "Nouvel Atlas..."

  • 1775 [dated] Güssefeld (cartographer/engraver) - Homann Heirs (publishers): "Tabula Regni Borussiae
    Borussiam Orientalem" (6.2 MB), Nuremberg, from a composite atlas. Great detail of the Memel/   
    Klaipėda area, from "Polangen" to "Georgenburg" -- today's Jurbarkas

  • 1819 [dated] Cary (engraver/mapseller) - Faden (publisher): "A New Map of Poland and the Grand
    Duchy of Lithuania..." (1.3 MB), London, based on Rizzi- Zannoni's 1772 24-sheet map

  • 1834 J. Arrowsmith (geographer/publisher): "Prussia & Poland" (8.3 MB), London, from "The London
    atlas of universal geography, exhibiting the physical & political divisions of the various countries of the World,
    constructed from original materials"

  • 1849 [dated] Meyer (publisher): "Russland: Gouv. St. Petersburg, Esthland, Liefland, Kurland"   
    (4.9 MB), Hildburghausen, Amsterdam and Philadelphia, from the 1852 edition of "Neuester Zeitungs-Atlas  
    fur Alte und Neue Erdkunde. Herausgegeben von J. Meyer." Joseph Meyer founded the Bibliographisches
    Institut 1826 in Gotha, moving to Hildburghausen in 1828

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1868 Delamarre (French politician/senator/secretary of the Geogra
    phical Society of Paris/editor of  the influential magazine "La Patrie"/close friend of French Emperor
    Napoleon III): "Carte Linguistique, Ethnographique, et Politique actuelle de l'Europe
    orientale," Paris, in a  greatly improved image (fom 213 KB to 6.3 MB) which has allowed me to
    eliminate two detail images. In early 1869 he introduced a petition in the Ukrainian case to the French
    Senate, in French and German, under the title "The Fifteen Million European People Forgotten in
    History." Note the area of "Langue Lithuanienne" and its reach north, and east way past "Wilna"

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795):
  • 1772, 1794, 1795, 1807, 1815 Malte-Brun (geographer/publisher): "Carte historique de la
    Pologne presentant ses divers demembremens" (646 KB), Paris. Conrad Malte-Brun died in
      1826, before he finished his "Précis de Géographie Universelle ou Description de toutes les parties du
    monde." His son Victor-Adolphe published editions of his father's works beginning about 1852, but th
    is map comes from an 1837 second revised edition of "...Géographie Universelle..." published by Je
    an Jacques Nicolas Huot, who published his first revised edition of Malte-Brun's atlas in 1830

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • c1550 (mid-16th century) An0n.: Right half of a two-page map titled, in Ottoman Turkish, "France  
    and Western Europe" (3.3 MB). I have advised the curator at the source that this map depicts the
    Baltic Sea, and Denmark in the west to Latvia in the east. I have also placed a detail map (186 KB) of
    Europe from the same atlas, called simply the "Deniz atlasi," or "Sea Atlas," for those of you who may    
    find the coastlines unfamiliar. See how similar the depiction of the coastlines is to the 1847 Baltic Sea map
    beside this one: Benedetto Bordone's map of the Baltic from his "Isolario" (The Book of Islands)

  • (TownViewsV-Z):
  • 1890 Флавиан Николаевич Добрянский (Flavian Nikolaevich Dobryansky): "Путеводитель по
    Вильне и ея окрестностям: с планом города Вильны" (Guide to Vilna and its
    surroundings: with the plan of the city of Vilna) (753 KB). The 2nd, corrected, edition
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: