19th Century and earlier Town Views and Plans: N - U
Panevėžys (Ponivezh, Ponewesch, Poniewiez): first mentioned in 1503, in documents signed by the Grand Duke of Lithuania Alexander I
1870 Panevėžys city plan.
1900 View of Panevėžys.
Šiauliai (Shavli, Shavel, Schaulen, Szawle): first mentioned as "Soule" in Livonian Order chronicles describing the battle of Saule. The city's founding date is now considered to be September 22, 1236
19th Cent. Šiauliai church
Trakai (Troki, Trok): first mentioned in 1337 Teutonic Knights chronicles as Tracken, and considered to be the founding date
1868 Trakai Castle.
1885 Stanislaw Baranowski:
The church in Šiauliai..,"
160 x 168 mm woodcut.
Riga: settled by the Livs, an ancient Finnic tribe, as early as the 2nd century, Riga began to develop as a center of Viking trade during the early Middle Ages. The Chronicle of
Henry of Livonia testifies to Riga having long been a trading center by the 12th century,
1887 Kazimierz Pomianowski: "BRZEGI
POLAGI" (The Shore at Palanga), 115 x 157
mm, from The Illustrated Weekly, of
August 25, 1887. From www.antykwariat.biz
1555 Sebastian Munster:
"Riga," from a French
edition of "Cosmographia
1650 Johann Christoph Brotze: "Prospect
der Stadt Riga ums. Jahr 1650."
1581 Georg Braun & Franz Hogenberg: "Riga, Percommode ad Duna
Amnem Sita, Emporium Celebre, et Livoniae Metropolis,” Köln, in
three versions from the first Latin edition of "Civitates Orbis
Terrarum." First view from The Hebrew University: http://historic-cities.huji.ac.
il/east_europe/ east_ europe.html; second and third from www.raremaps.com
1697 Samuel von Pufendorf (artist) -
Christoph Riegel (publisher): "Delineatio
Regiae Urbis Rigae..." Depicts the 1656
Russian Siege of Riga in the Russo-
Swedish War. From The Hebrew Univ.:
1878 Alfred Kuhlewein: " Gora Biruty, pod
Paloga, " (Birute's Shrine, Palanaga). 166 x
234 mm, Ffrom "Weekly Illustrated # 113
of Feb. 23, 1878. From www.antykwariat.biz
19th Century: "Zamek w Trokach" (Castle
Ukmergė (Vilkmergė, Wiłkomierz): first mentioned as a settlement in 1333. It was essentially a wooden fortress that stood on a hill, near the confluence of the
Vilkmergė River and the Šventoji River.
1864 Wojciech Gerson: "WIES W ZIMIE,"
from "Weekly Illustrated." From
Rudamina (Urdomin, Rudamin): Rudamina's hill fort, a prominent hill forts of Yotvingian Balts, is about 1 km southwest of the town. Nearby tumuli
were dated to 3rd–4th century AD. The town traces its history to 1576 when Massalski family established an estate and began cutting down the forest.
Przykorski: " GORA W
URDOMINIE," (Hill near
132 x 235 mm, from
"Illustrated Weekly" #
385 of February 9, 1867
Panemunė (Gielgudow) Castle: (not to be confused with the town of Panemunė) on the north shore of the Nemunas, opposite the town of Gelgaudiškis (Giełgudyszki, Gelgudishk). The initial
hillfort of the Teutonic Knights (erected 1343) was replaced by a castle built in 1604-1610 and reconstructed around 1759 by Giełgud family: the English/Lithuanian Actor's ancestral family.
|1889 Michael Elwiro
Andriolli (artist) -
(engraver): " Gielgudow
nad Niemnen," 16.1 x
23.5 cm, from "Weekly
Illustrated # 344. From
|1864 A. Romer: "Zamek
Niemnem" (View of
Gielgudow Castle on the
Nieman), from "Tygodnik
19th cent. Napoleon Orda: "POŁONGA
nad morzem Bałtyckiem." (The shore at
Palanga [with Birute's chapel on the hill])
Early 19th Cent. Napoleon Orda: "Lake
1638 Matthaus Merian:
"Riga," in his first edition of
this town view, 21 x 26cm
(8.2 x 10.1 inches. From
Tallinn (Reval): the oldest capital city in Northern Europe, first mentioned 1154 on a Muslim map, and known as Reval from the Danish conquest in 1219 until 1918.
1838 "Reval," drawn by Danvin, steel
engraving by Cholet, 14 x 8.5 cm. From
1853 Alexey Bogolyubov: "Port of Tallinn,"
oil on canvas
1878 "Reval," wood engraving by
Hildebrand after Benolt, 19 x 13 cm.
1863 "Riga," 15.5 x 11 cm steel
engraving from Bibliograph.
Institut in Hidlburghausen. From
1878 "Riga, Vue Du Fleuve," 19 x 13
cm hand-colored wood engraving
drawn by J. Koerner. From
1694 Frederick de Wit:
"RIGA," from his re-
issue of Jansson's
Braun & Hogenberg -- Two views on one sheet: "Die Furstliche
Hauptt Statt Konigssbergk in Preussen," and "Riga, die Hauptt
Statt in Lifflantt," Cologne, 14.1 x 16 inches / 35.8 x 40.6 cm.
c. 17th century "RIGA." From
1650 Matthaus Merian: "RIGA." Frankfurt, 10.5 x 9.5
inches, in two versions. Both from www.raremaps.com
c. 1720 Gabriel
Bodenehr: "Die Stadt
RIGA mitt Ihren
Vorstaetten pro- jectirten
Neuen Wer- chen,"
Augsburg, 6.3 x 7.9
inches, from his atlas "Le
Gloire et la Force de
1843 Anon. "ПЛАНБ
ГОРОДА РИГА" (Plan,
City of Riga), 15.75 x
16.125 inches. From www.
1753 David Weege: "Fort
de Dunamund" (Fort
dam, 6.3 x 4.3 inch cop-
perplate, from "Kleyne en
Beknopte Atlas, of Tooneel
des Oorlogs in Europa."
1660 Jan Jansson: "RIGA,"
Amsterdam, 20.5 x 15.5
inches, from a publication
by Gregorio Leti. From
1499 "Riga." From
1847 (Anon.) "'Riga, from an original
painting," 5.5 x 9 inches, from "The
Illustrated London News." From
1854 "Revel - The Inner Fort," 4.75 x 6.25
inches, from the "Illustrated London
News." From antiquaprintgallery.com
c. 1657 Jan Jansson: "RIGA,"
From the National Library of
c. 1578 Sebastian Munster:
"Die Statt Riga," Basle,
from a German edition of
his "Cosmographia." From
|19th Cent. Napoleon
1701 (Anon.): "Carte du cours de la Duna, et de la descente
glorieuse de Charles XII, et de la Victoire remportée sur les
Saxons le 9 Juillet 1701. (Map over the Duna, and the glorious
descent of Charles XII and the Victory against the Saxons July 9,
1701) Also, an 18th cent Swedish painting: "Övergången av
Düna," 1701 Map from cesgia on eBay; painting from wikimedia
c. 1760 Friedrich Bernhard Werner
(mapmaker) - Georg Balthasar Probst
(publisher): "Riga, metropolis Livoniæ,"
Augsburg, 45 x 15.5 inches. State 4 (of 4)
and the only one printed from the 3rd
plate. The view differs from the first three
states in many details and can be
identified, among others, after two coats of
arms in the upper right corner. From
c. 1729 Friedrich Bernhard Werner (artist)
- Jeremias Wolff (engraver) - Johann
Friedrich Probst (publisher): "RIGA
METROPOLIS LIVONIÆ," Augsburg, 11.8 x
41.9 inches. / 30.0 x 106.5 cm. See the
later c1760 version. From www.swaen.com
1552 Sebastian Münster:
"Riga," Basle, 6.2 x 3.9
inches, from "La Cosmo-
published in nearly 30
editions in six languages
1544 - 1578; revised and
reissued by Sebastian Petri
1588 -1628. From
c. 1720 Friedrich Bernhard Werner
(artist) - Jeremias Wolff (engraver) -
Johann Friedrich Probst (publisher): "RIGA
METROPOLIS LIVONIÆ," Augsburg, 12 x
42 inches, in the first state. From
c. 1640: Matthäus Merian: "Revalia /
Reveln," Frankfurt, 4 x 12.5 inches.
c. 1564 Sebastian
Basel, 3 3/4 x 6
1/8 inches, from
a German "Cosmo-
1721 Bodenehr (engraver/publisher):
"REVEL, anderer Prospect," Augsburg.