Sea Charts of the Baltic: 1584 - 1946
With a focus on the coastlines of today's Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania  Compass Roses on Old Maps
Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (mapmaker) - Johannes van
(engraver): "Zee caerte vande custe van
Lijfflandt..." Antwerp, with north at the bottom, from
"Speculum nauticum super navigatione maris
Occidentalis confectum, Vol. II."
Uncolored map from; colored map from the National Library of
1584 Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (mapmaker) -
Johannes van Deutecom
(engraver): "Die Custe va
(The Coast of Livland...), Antwerp, 20 x 13
inches, in both a colored and uncolored version
Wagenaer was a Dutch pilot who produced the first set of
effective navigational charts: "Spieghel der Zeevaerdt."
See the 1585 map of the entrance of Riga.
Map on the left
Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (mapmaker) - Johannes van
(engraver): "De Zee kuste Rontomme Oese eb
een deel van Curlandt..." Leiden, 12.8 x 20.1 inches, and
"The Sea Coastes round abouts the Ile called Osel With a
Part of Curland...," Antwerp, 14 x 20 inches, both
engraved by Baptist and Johannes van Deutecom.
Depicts the entrance of the Gulf of Riga, with details of
the island of Oesel
(Saaremaa). 1585 Dutch map from; 1588 map in English from
1660 Pieter Goos: "Pascaarte van
Liiflandt ende Oost-Finlandt..."
Amsterdam, 16.9 x 20.8 inches / 43.0 x
52.8 cm. Sea chart of the Gulf of Riga
and the Gulf of Finland with the south
coast of Finland -- and north -- on the
right. Also two
DETAIL images. From
1685 John Seller: "A Chart
of the Baltick Sea,
containing the Banks, Isles
and Coasts from the Isle of
(Eastern Section),"
London, 17 x 11 inches.
Includes many small
coastal towns along
Lithuania, Latvia and
Estonia, as well as a large
inset "Chart of the Harbour
of "Dantzik."
1850 Francesco Costantino Marmocchi: "
MAR BALTICO," 13 x 11 inches, Florence.
1710 Frederick de Wit -
J.Renaud: "Totius
EUROPAE Littora."
1745 Rapin de Thoiras  
(French publisher) -
Nicholas Tindal
lator/English publisher)
Richard Seale
"A corrrect Chart of the
Baltick..." 19 x 15 inches,
1764 Nicholas Bellin (hydrographer to the
French KIng)
: "Carte de la Mer Baltique,"
Paris, 15 x 12 inches, from his smaller
format sea atlas "Le petit atlas maritime:
recueil de cartes et plans des quatre
parties du monde en cinq volumes, Vol.
IV," of five, totalling 580 charts.
From the
National Library of Finland:
1922 George Philip: "THE
1654 Frederick de Wit: "Pas-Caart van de Oost Zee,
verthoonende Alle de ghelegentheyt tusschen 't
Eylandt Rugen en Wyborg," Amsterdam, printed area
44 x 52.5 cm, from an atlas of 12 charts, 7 by de Wit,
5 by Theunis Jacobz. Graduated for latitude only; bar
scales in Dutch, Spanish, English and French miles.
Also a
DETAIL image. From the National Maritime Museum,
1656 Jacob Aertsz Colom: "Oost
," Amsterdam, 55.5 x 63 cm.
from his "Atlas of werelts-water-deel
en des selfs zee-custen."
Maritime Museum, Greenwich:
1675 John Darby: "A chart of the East
Sea," London, 42.5 x 54.5 cm, at
000 000
. From his "Atlas Maritimus',
or the Sea Atlas, being a book of
maritime charts." Also a
DETAIL image.
From National Maritime Museum, Greenwich,
c1700 Johannes Loots (publisher):  "Dese
Nieuwe en Curieuze Paskaart van de
Geheele Oost Zee..." Amsterdam, 40 x 24
inches. Among the most detailed and
accurate sea charts of the region.
c1760 Johannes Loots: "Dese Nieuwe
en Curieuse Paskaart van een
Gedeelte van Oost Zee..." Amsterdam,
20 x 23 inches. Eastern half of this
over- sized sea chart of the Baltic,
originally published by Loots and
later re-issued by his widow and
brother-in-law, Isaac Swigters, and
likely reissued thereafter by Hendrik
Mooy after 1750. The present chart
would seem to be Loots second
published chart of the Baltic,
following after his chart of circa
1700, which likely was based largely
upon the surveys of Peter Gedda
published in 1694 by Jacobus Robijn,
which Loots had pirated in 1697.
1811 William Faden: "A general chart of the Baltic or East Sea, including
the gulfs of Bothnia and Finland. Compiled from the surveys made by
order of the admiralties of Copenhagen, Stockholm & St. Petersburgh.
London, published by W. Faden, Geographer to the King and to H.R.H.
the Prince of Wales, Charing Cross, June 4, 1803. Engraved by S.I.
Neele, Strand," London, 81 x 61 cm., from Faden's "General Atlas."
1658 Arnold Colom (engraver/publisher):
"Oost Zee door Arnold Colom ..." Amsterdam,
25 x 22 inches, from his "Zee-Atlas ofte
Water-Wereldt," a re-issue of his 1654 "Ora
atlas maritima orbis universi."
From the
National Library of Finland:
1817 Samuel John Neele (engraver) - John
Cumming and John Thomson
"Chart of the North and Baltic seas, &c.
[with] Harbour of Heligoland. [with] Port
of Revel. [with] Harbour of St. Petersburg.
Drawn & engraved for Thomson's New
general atlas." Published in London, Dublin
and Edinburgh, 50 x 61 cm, at
1:3 600
. From
1946 Hydrographic Office, U.S. Navy: "Ice
Chart, Baltic Sea, March," Washington,
DC, 62 x 62 cm, from "Ice Atlas of the
Northern Hemisphere," "providing colored
monthly maps detailing the extent and
character of the ice for each principal
region of the Northern Hemisphere known
to have seasonal or permanent sea or lake
ice. Also includes statistical tables." Shows
extent of permanent ice around the Baltic
states in March.
1641  Matthaus Merian: "Tabula
Navigatoria maris Orientalis," Frankfurt,
14 x 10 inches, from Werdenhagen's "De
Rebus Publicis Hanseaticis Tractatus."
1745  Herman Moll: "A
Chart of the Baltick or
East Sea. Gulf of Finland
&c." London, 11 x 14
1803                                                                 1811
1851 John Tallis & Co. (Publisher)
John Rapkin (Engraver): "The
Baltic Sea," London, 13 x 9.5
inches, from R. Montgomery
Martin's "The Illustrated Atlas,
And Modern History Of The
World Geographical, Political,
Commercial & Statistical," 1851.
Rapkin's name and decorative
vignettes appear on most Tallis &
Co. maps.
1795 William Fisher and
his apprentice,  Richard
Mount: "A plat of the East
Sea," London, from their
"Atlas Maritimus"
1647 Adam Olearis: "MARE BALTHICVM
oder Ost See."
From DSpace at the Univ. of Tartu:
1585 Dutch version
1854 Antonio Vallardi (publisher): "Carta
del mar Baltico," Milan, showing the
coasts of the provinces of "Estonia,"
"Livonia," "Mittau," and "Vilna."
From / www.
1748 Thomas Jefferys: "Chart of the Baltic
Sea..," London, 11 x 10 1/2 inches / 28 x
26.5 cm, from "Gentleman's Magazine."
With two
DETAIL images. From artlusatica on
1728 Edmund Halley -  
Nathaniel Cutler -  John
London, 20 x 23 inches,
from "Atlas Maritimus."
1857 Charles Desilver: "Chart of the Baltic
From Admiralty & Russian Surveys,"
Philadelphia, 24 x 15 inches, with insets of
Riga, Reval, Port Baltic, Sveaborg, and
Cronstadt and St. Petersburg.
1720-41 Covens et Mortier:
"Nieuwe Caart van de Oost
Zee ou Carte de la Mer
Baltique..," Amsterdam, two
joined sheets, 23.4 x 34.1
inches, from their
"Composite Atlas." Appeared
first in the "Neptune
FranÇois" without the Dutch
1695 John Seller: "A Chart of the Baltick
Sea," London.
From the National Library of
Latvia, via
1657 Johannes Janssonius:
"Pascaart Vande Oost-Zee
...Vertoonende in sich...
Courlant, Lyflant..," Am-
sterdam, from Vol. 5 of
"Grooten Atlas,
vervattende de
From  the
National Library of Finland:
1588 English version
1745 R & I Ottens
(mapmakers) - Louis
"Mare Balticum / Nieu-
we Pascaert van de Oost
Zee," Amsterdam, from
"Atlas van zeevaert en
koophandel door de
geheele weereldt," the
Dutch translation of
Renard's "Atlas de la
naviga- tion et du
commerce..," published
1715 in French, in
From the
National Library of Finland:
1693 Alexis-Hubert Jaillot (mapmaker,
after Sanson)
: "Carte de la Mer Baltique,"  
61 x 89 cm, originally published in Paris,
then possibly pirated by Mortier in
Amsterdam in his "Le Neptune Francois,
ou Atlas Nouveau des Cartes Marines."
1737 Nils Thorvedsson
Strömcrona: "Hydro-
graphisk PasßCharta
öfver en dehl af Östersion
..," Stockholm, 25.5 x
21.5 inches.
NEW July 21