400 Years of Sea Charts of the Baltic: 1547 - 1946
With a focus on the coastlines of today's Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania Compass Roses on Old Maps
1586 Lucas Janszoon
Waghenaer (mapmaker) -
Johannes van Deutecom
(engraver): "Zee caerte
vande custe van Lijff-
landt..." Antwerp, north
at the bottom, from
From National Library of
1584 Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (mapmaker) -
Johannes van Deutecom (engraver): "Die Custe va
Lijfflandt..." (The Coast of Livland...), Antwerp, 20 x 13
inches, in both a colored and uncolored version
Wagenaer was a Dutch pilot who produced the first set
of effective navigational charts: "Spieghel der
Zeevaerdt." See the 1585 map of the entrance of Riga.
Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (mapmaker) - Johannes van
Deutecom (engraver): "De Zee kuste Rontomme Oese eb
een deel van Curlandt..." Leiden, 12.8 x 20.1 inches, and
"The Sea Coastes round abouts the Ile called Osel With a
Part of Curland...," Antwerp, 14 x 20 inches, both
engraved by Baptist and Johannes van Deutecom.
Depicts the entrance of the Gulf of Riga, with details of
the island of Oesel (Saaremaa).
1660 Pieter Goos: "Pascaarte van
Liiflandt ende Oost-Finlandt..."
Amsterdam, 16.9 x 20.8 inches /
43.0 x 52.8 cm. Sea chart of the
Gulf of Riga and the Gulf of Finland
with the south coast of Finland --
and north -- on the right. Also two
DETAIL images. From www.swaen.com
|1685 John Seller: "A Chart
of the Baltick Sea,
containing the Banks, Isles
and Coasts from the Isle of
Zeeland (Eastern Section),"
London, 17 x 11 inches.
Includes many small
coastal towns along
Lithuania, Latvia and
Estonia, as well as a large
inset "Chart of the Harbour
of "Dantzik." From
1850 Francesco Costantino Marmocchi: "
MAR BALTICO," 13 x 11 inches, Florence.
1745 Rapin de Thoiras
(French publisher) -
Nicholas Tindal (trans-
lator/English publisher) -
Richard Seale (engraver)):
"A corrrect Chart of the
Baltick..." 19 x 15 inches,
1764 Jacques Nicholas Bellin
(hydrographer/geographer): "Carte de la
Mer Baltique," Paris, 15 x 12 inches, from
his smaller format sea atlas "Le petit atlas
maritime: recueil de cartes et plans des
quatre parties du monde en cinq volumes,
Vol. IV," of five, totalling 580 charts. From
the National Library of Finland:
1922 George Philip: "THE
BALTIC SEA,"London. From
1654 Frederick de Wit: "Pas-Caart van de Oost Zee..,"
Amsterdam, 44 x 52.5 cm, from an atlas of 12 charts,
7 by de Wit, 5 by Theunis Jacobz. Graduated for
latitude only; bar scales in Dutch, Spanish, English
and French miles. From the National Maritime Museum,
1675 John Darby: "A chart of the
East Sea," London, 42.5 x 54.5 cm,
at 1:2 000 000. From his "Atlas
Maritimus', or the Sea Atlas, being
a book of maritime charts." Also a
DETAIL image. From National Maritime
Museum, Greenwich, London:
c1700 Johannes Loots (publisher): "Dese
Nieuwe en Curieuze Paskaart van de
Geheele Oost Zee..." Amsterdam, 40 x 24
inches. Among the most detailed and
accurate sea charts of the region. From
|c1760 Johannes Loots: "Dese
Nieuwe en Curieuse Paskaart van
een Gedeelte van Oost Zee..."
Amsterdam, 20 x 23 inches.
Eastern half of this over- sized sea
chart of the Baltic, originally
published by Loots and later
re-issued by his widow and
brother-in-law, Isaac Swigters,
and likely reissued thereafter by
Hendrik Mooy after 1750. The
present chart would seem to be
Loots second published chart of the
Baltic, following after his chart of
circa 1700, which likely was based
largely upon the surveys of Peter
Gedda published in 1694 by
Jacobus Robijn, which Loots had
pirated in 1697. From
1811 William Faden: "A general chart of the Baltic or East Sea,
including the gulfs of Bothnia and Finland. Compiled from the surveys
made by order of the admiralties of Copenhagen, Stockholm & St.
Petersburgh. London, published by W. Faden, Geographer to the King
and to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, Charing Cross, June 4, 1803.
Engraved by S.I. Neele, Strand," London, 81 x 61 cm., from Faden's
"General Atlas." From www.davidrumsey.com
1658 Arnold Colom
Zee door Arnold Colom ..."
Amsterdam, 25 x 22
inches, from his "Zee-Atlas
ofte Water-Wereldt," a
re-issue of his 1654 "Ora
atlas maritima orbis
universi." From the National
Library of Finland:
1817 Samuel John Neele (engraver) - John
Cumming and John Thomson (publishers):
"Chart of the North and Baltic seas, &c.
[with] Harbour of Heligoland. [with] Port
of Revel. [with] Harbour of St. Petersburg.
Drawn & engraved for Thomson's New
general atlas." Published in London, Dublin
and Edinburgh, 50 x 61 cm, at 1:3 600
000. From www.davidrumsey.com
1946 Hydrographic Office, U.S. Navy: "Ice
Chart, Baltic Sea, March," Washington,
DC, 62 x 62 cm, from "Ice Atlas of the
Northern Hemisphere," "providing colored
monthly maps detailing the extent and
character of the ice for each principal
region of the Northern Hemisphere known
to have seasonal or permanent sea or lake
ice. Also includes statistical tables." Shows
extent of permanent ice around the Baltic
states in March. From www.davidrumsey.com
1641 Matthaus Merian:
Frankfurt, 14 x 10
inches, from Werden-
hagen's "De Rebus Publicis
1745 Herman Moll: "A
Chart of the Baltick or
East Sea. Gulf of Finland
&c." London, 11 x 14
1851 John Tallis & Co. (Publisher)
- John Rapkin (Engraver): "The
Baltic Sea," London, 13 x 9.5
inches, from R. Montgomery
Martin's "The Illustrated Atlas,
And Modern History Of The
World Geographical, Political,
Commercial & Statistical," 1851.
Rapkin's name and decorative
vignettes appear on most Tallis &
Co. maps. From www.raremaps.com
1795 William Fisher and
his apprentice, Richard
Mount: "A plat of the East
Sea," London, from their
"Atlas Maritimus" From
1647 Adam Olearis: "MARE BALTHICVM
oder Ost See." From DSpace at the Univ. of Tartu:
|1585 Dutch version
1854 Antonio Vallardi (publisher): "Carta
del mar Baltico," Milan, showing the
coasts of the provinces of "Estonia,"
"Livonia," "Mittau," and "Vilna." From
www.oldmaps.eu / www.
1748 Thomas Jefferys: "Chart of
the Baltic Sea..," London, 11 x 10
1/2 inches / 28 x 26.5 cm, from
"Gentleman's Magazine." With
two DETAIL images. From
artlusatica on eBay
1728 Edmund Halley -
Nathaniel Cutler - John
"The GERMAN OCEAN
and BALTICK SEA..."
London, 20 x 23 inches,
from "Atlas Maritimus."
1857 Charles Desilver: "Chart of the Baltic
From Admiralty & Russian Surveys,"
Philadelphia, 24 x 15 inches, with insets of
Riga, Reval, Port Baltic, Sveaborg, and
Cronstadt and St. Petersburg. From
1720-41 Covens et Mortier:
"Nieuwe Caart van de Oost
Zee ou Carte de la Mer
two joined sheets, 23.4 x
34.1 inches, from their
"Composite Atlas." Appeared
first in the "Neptune
FranÇois" without the
Dutch title. From
1695 John Seller: "A Chart of the Baltick
Sea," London. From the National Library of
Latvia, via www.teeuropeanlibrary.org
1657 Johannes Janssonius:
"Pascaart Vande Oost-Zee
...Vertoonende in sich...
Courlant, Lyflant..," Am-
sterdam, from Vol. 5 of
vervattende de water-
weerelt." From the National
Library of Finland:
|1588 English version
1745 R & I Ottens
(mapmakers) - Louis
Renard (publisher): "Mare
Balticum / Nieuwe
Pascaert van de Oost Zee,"
Amsterdam, from "Atlas
van zeevaert en
koophandel door de geheele
weereldt," the Dutch
translation of Renard's
"Atlas de la navigation et
published 1715 in French,
in Amsterdam. From the
National Library of Finland:
1693 Alexis-Hubert Jaillot (mapmaker,
after Sanson): "Carte de la Mer Baltique,"
61 x 89 cm, originally published in Paris,
then possibly pirated by Mortier in
Amsterdam in his "Le Neptune Francois,
ou Atlas Nouveau des Cartes Marines."
1737 Nils Thorvedsson
öfver en dehl af Östersion
..," Stockholm, 25.5 x
21.5 inches. From
1742 John Senex: "A MAP or CHART
of the GULFS of FINLAND and
LIVONIA with their respective Ports
and Harbours, together with a large
Plan of Kroonstad and St.
Petersburg, taken from an original
drawing lately sent from St.
Petersburg," London, 40 x 67.7 cm.
From the National Library of Finland:
c1680 - 1700 Johannes van Keulen (publisher):
"Nieuwe Wassende Graade Paskaart Over de Geeheele
Oost-See," Amsterdam, 53 x 60 cm., most likely from
the Dutch edition of "De Groote Nieuwe Vermeerderde
Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Werelt," also published in
Spanish, French and English editions.
1667 [dated 166] Pieter
Goos (engraver): "Pas-
Caart van de Oost zee,"
Amsterdam, 45 x 55 cm,
from his "L'Atlas de la
Mer, ou Monde
Aquaticque..," with the
title page and index in
French; maps in Dutch.
1773 Jacques Nicolas Bellin
(hydrographer/geographer) - Hendrik van
Loon (engraver): "Carte de la Mer Baltique
Contenant les Bancs, Isles, et Costes
Comprises entre L'Isle de Zelande et
l'Extremite du Golfe de Finlande. [inset]
Carte de la Rade de Dantzik," Paris, 62 x
90 cm / 24 1/2 x 35 1/2 inches. From "Le
Neptune Francois ou Recueil des Cartes
Marines..." From www.davidrumsey.com
1625 Willem Blaeu: "Ryghsche Bodem"
Amsterdam, from his "Het Licht der
Zeevaert" (Atlas of the Seas). North is on
the left, as is Reval (Talinn), Riga is at the
top, and Memel on the far right. From the
Unv. of Tartu: http://dspace.utlib.ee/dspace
1547 Benedetto Bordone
(Scandinavia and the
Baltic), Venice, 6 x 6
inches, from "Isolario"
(The Book of Islands).
Labels Livonia. From
1656 Jacob Aertsz Colom:
"Oost Zee," Amsterdam,
55.5 x 63 cm. from his "
Atlas of werelts- water-
deel en des selfs zee-custen."
National Maritime Museum,
c1550 An0n.: Right half of a
two-page map titled, in
Ottoman Turkish, "France
and Western Europe." It
shows the Baltic: see the
map of Europe from the
"Deniz atlasi" (Sea Atlas).
From Walters Art Museum:
1920 W. & A. K. Johnston (publishers):
"Baltic Sea," Edinburgh, 9.75 x 7.75
Inches, from the Tenth Edition of "The
World-Wide Atlas of Modern Geography,
Political and Physical." The map, depicting
depth in fathoms as well as railways,
depicts pre-WWI boundaries of the Baltic
states with post-WWI names: "Esthonia,"
"Latvia," and "Lithuania" identified as part
of Russia. From historyinprint on eBay
1895 Hydrographic Department, Russian Maritime Ministry:
"КАРТА РИЖСКОГО ЗАЛИВА С МООН-ЗУНДОМ, СОСТАВЛЕНА С
ОПИСЕЙ 1843-1859. [KARTA RIZHSKAGO ZALIVA S MOON
ZUNDOM, SOSTAVLENA S OPISEJ 1843-1859]. (CHART OF RIGA
BAY WITH MOON SOUND, COMPILED FROM INVENTORIES 1843-
1859.) , St. Peters- burg, 99 x 66.5 cm lithograph. The map's
depiction extends from Ventspils, Lativa to Meremõisa, Estonia, just
west of Talinn. Prominently featured are Riga (today the capital of
Latvia) and Pärnu, Estonia. Pärnu is further detailed in the large
inset in the upper right, with its even grid of streets bound within
fortified walls. With toponymy written entirely in Russian Cyrillic,
the chart features copious amounts of nautical information,
including bathymetric soundings, the locations of shoals and
hazards and magnetic declination. One of the finest attributes of the
chart, is its inclusion of vignettes depicting almost three dozen
lighthouses in the region, with the radii of their lights marked on
the chart. The first edition of the chart was printed in 1862, while
this edition features many corrections and improvements from
surveys. From Antiquariat Daša Pahor : www.pahor.de