Political Maps of Lithuania in Europe: 900 - 1942
By date depicted, not necessarily date created
Dedicated to those misguided souls who continue to insist that
the first independent Lithuanian state was created in 1919.
1000 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1220 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1270 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1350-60 "Baltic Lands."
From the 1903 "Atlas to
Freeman's Historical
Geography"
1400 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1478 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1563 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1617 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1701 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1772 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1795 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
1066-1509 Johnston:
"Europe: Norman &
Plantagenet Period,"
1899. Notice the size and
boundaries of Lithuania.
From etc.usf.edu/maps
1095-1270 Victor Drury:
"Europe during the
Crusades," from his 1912
"History of the World."
Lithuania virtually
disappears in this version.

From www.etc.usf.edu/maps
14th Century Karl von
Spruner: "Nord- und Ost-
EUROPA im Anfange des
XIVten Jahr- hunderts," from
"von Spruner's School Atlas,"
published by Gotha Justas
Perthes 1860.
From buybali on
eBay
1809 "Baltic Lands." From
the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's
Historical Geography"
Nov. 1942 - May 1945:
"Der Zweite Weltkreig in
Europe," showing Allied
advances against the
Germans.
1539 Olaus Magnus: "Carta marina,"
translated caption: "A marine map and
Description of the Northern Lands and of
their Marvels, most carefull drawn up at
Venice in the year 1539."
From the James  
Ford Bell Library, Univ. of  Minnesota
1350 Spruner- Menke:
"EUROPA UM DIE MITTE DES
VIERZEHNTEN JAHRHUN-
DERTS"
(Europe in the middle
of the 14th century)
 From
"Hand-Atlas für die Geschichte
des Mittel-alters ..."
From
www.maproom.org
1492-1618 Spruner-Menke:  
"EUROPA während des Zeitraums
der Reformation und der
Übermacht des Hauses Habsburg"
("Europe during the Reformation and
the supremacy of the House of
Habsburg")
, from "Hand-Atlas für
die Geschichte des Mittel-alters ..."
From www.maproom.org
Sebastian Münster: "Europa Regina
(Queen of the World)
." First drawn
1537 by Jonannes Bucius, versions
appeared in several editions of  
Münster's "Cosmography."
1581 Heinrich Bünting:
"Die ganze Welt in einem
Kleberblat"
(The Whole
World in the form of a
Clover-leaf)
, Hanover,
from his "Itinerarium
sacrae scripturae."
From
www.karty.by
1593 Gerard de Jode: "SEPTENTRIONALIV REGIONIONVM SVETIÆ GOTHIÆ
NORVEGIÆ DANIÆ et terrarum adicetium recens exacta que descriptio per Liuinum
algoet Auctorem Gerardus de Jode execudebat," Antwerp, 19.5 x 14.5 inches, in three
versions. The Dutch engravers were the famous Joannes and Lucas van Deutecum.
First published 1578, De Jode's "Speculum Orbis Terrae atlas was, while technically
superior to the work of Ortelius, a commercial failure, thanks to Ortelius' blocking a
"privilege" for publication for nearly ten years. All three maps are from the second,
expanded edition of the atlas.
1595 Abraham Ortelius:
"SEPTENTRIO- NALIUM REGIONUM
DESCRIP.," Antwerp, 36 x 48.7 cm.
First published 1570. Also a
DETAIL
image. From www.helmink.com
1628 Sebastian
Munster: "Europa nach
gelegenheit," from
"Cosmographia, Das ist
Beschreibung der ganzen
Welt," Basel.
From
www.nic.funet.fi
1650 Pierre Mariette: "LA
SCANDINAVIE...," Paris,
21 x 17 inches. One of the
earliest maps of
Scandinavia published in
Paris.
From
www.raremaps.com
1603 Abraham Ortelius:
"EVROPAE," Antwerp,
2nd edition, first issued
1584, distinguished
from earlier editions by
cursive lettering of
"Africae Pars."
From
www.raremaps.com
c1630 Willem Janszoon Blaeu: "Europa recens
descripta . . ." Amsterdam, 22 x 16 inches, in two
versions with wildly different colored boundaries for
Lithuania, the second showing Lithuania as part of
Russia. The map shows nine European cities across the
top and local costumes along the sides, including those
of the "Poloni."
Heinrich Bunting: "EVROPA PRIMA  PARS TERRAE IN
FORMA VIRGINIS ...." Hanover, 17 x 12 inches.
1478 After  Claudius
Ptolemy. From a
"Geographia" with maps
engraved by Taddeo
Crivelli -- published in
Bologna. Note "Riga," and
"Livonia."
1482 Francesco Nicolo di Berlinghieri: "TABVLA
OCTAVA DE EUROPA," Florence, 22.5 x 17.5 inches,
printed with two woodblocks on one sheet, in two
versions from his "Septe Giornate della Geographia di
Francesco Berlinghieri"
(The Seven Days of Geography).
Berlinghieri's map is the third map of the region
(pre-dated by 1477 and 1478 editions), but his map is
important because: 1. It is based on the projections of
Marinus of Tyre, a second century AD Greek
geographer/cartographer/mathematician, the founder
of mathematical geography, a system which would have
been employed by Claudius Ptolemy. 2. It is the first
printed map of the region to utilize a style notably
different from the Nicholas Germanicus model and to
adopt a different means for projecting the printed
landmasses represented on the maps.  3. It was engraved
by Niccolò Tedesco, a German printer. 4. It has
rectangular borders rather than the trapezoidal borders
employed in the earlier editions.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman, www.raremaps.com
1490 After  Claudius
Ptolemy: "Octava Evropæ
Tabvla"
1493 Hartmann Schedel (Publisher) - Hieronymus
Munzer (designer): "Europa," Nuremburg,  23 x 15.5
inches, from the Latin edition of "Liber Chronicum," in
uncolored and colored versions. Note the labelling of
"POLONIA," "LITTAW," the town of "Melbing"
(Memel?),
LIVONIA" and Riga.
1511 Bernardus Sylvanus:
"OCTAVA EVROPA TAB-
VLA," Venice, 20 x 16
inches, published in
"Claudii Ptholemaei Alex-
andrini liber Geograph-
icae."
From
www.raremaps.com
1520 Abraham Ortelius: "
TABVLA. MODERNA.
SARMATIE...POLONIE..."
From the National Museum of
Lithuania:
http://www.lnm.lt/en/
1535 Lorenz (Laurent)
Fries: (Untitled),
Strassburg, 18 x 12
inches. from an edition of
Ptolemy's "Geographia"
published by Melchior
and Gaspar Trechsel.
From
www.raremaps.com
1541 Lorenz (Laurent) Fries (publisher) - Martin Waldseemüller
(cartographer) - based on information from Claudius Ptolemy:
"Tabula noua Poloniæ, Vngariæ & Russiæ," Lyon, 12.1 x 14.3 cm,
in two versions from Waldseemüller's "Cosmographie."
1536 Martin
Waldseemuller:
"SARMATIA"
Sebastian Münster: "EVROPA PRIMA NOVA
TABVLA,"13.5 x 10 inches / 33 x 27 cm, Basle, in both
the first, 1540 edition on the left, and the 1542 version
on the right, both woodcuts from his "Geographia," the
first atlas to include maps of every continent.
Sebastian Münster: "TABVLA EVROPÆ VIII," Basel, 10.9 x 13.3 inches, text in Latin,
from "Geographia Universalis, Vetus et Nova, complectens Cladii Ptolemaei
Alexandrini enarrationis libros VIII," in three versions (first edition 1540), published
by Heinrich Petri. The same 21 words are listed in each version, but the list has been
reset: 1542's "Badatiu" has become "Badatium" in the 1545 and 1552 versions
.
1542
www.sanderusmaps.com
1548 Giacomo Gastaldi:
"TABVLA EVROPÆ VIII,"
after Ptolemy
1548 Johann Stumpf:
"Europa," 15 x 12 inches,  
Zurich, oriented with
south at the top, as was
the Arabic custom, from
his "Landtaflen."
From  
wikimedia
1550 Giacomo Gastaldi:
"Desciptione de la
Moscovia..." Venice, 15.5 x
10.5 inches, based on the
work of Baron Sigismund
von Herberstein, who had
visited Moscow twice as
Emperor Maximillian I's
ambassador to Russia.      
From www.raremaps.com
Sebastian Münster:  "MODERNA EVROPÆ DESCRIPTIO,"
Basle, 13.5 x 10 inches,  in colored and uncolored
versions from his "Geographia," first published in 1540.
Compare these maps with the 1540 and 1542 versions.
1552 Sebastian Münster:
"SEPTENTRIONALES
REGIONES XVIII NO TAB."
Girolamo Ruscelli: "EVROPÆ TABVLA VIII," Venice, 10.5 by 7.5 inches, in five versions from editions of his "Ptolemaeus La Geografia," which
published new
(Tabula Nova) maps along with Ptolemy's 2nd century descriptions. The 1574 edition of the atlas was published by G. Ziletti. This
Ptolemaic rendition of central Europe is fairly recognisable to modern eyes with an enlarged Sea of Azov dominating the south east. The western
edge of the map is marked by the Vistula river.
1578 Gerard Mercator:
"Europa Octava tabula
EUR VIII TAB" with no
cartouche
1597 Giovanni Antonio
Magini: "TABVLA
EVROPAE VIII." From
Magini's "Geographia,"
based upon Ptolemy.
From
www.raremaps.com
1689 Nicolas de Fer: "LA
SUEDE ET LA NORVEGE,"
paper 25.3 x 35.1 cm. Also
a
DETAIL image. From
www.oldtimesrarebooks.com
1697 Philipp Cluver:
"SVECIA, DANIA et
NORVEGIA," Leyden, 10
x 8.5 inches. Note that
Samogitia and Courland
are in East Prussia.
From
www.raremaps.com
1714 Henri Chatelain: "Carte de la
Partie Meridionale du Royaume de
Suede Avec une Table des Provinces et
des Villes Principales," Amsterdam,
50.9 x 43.2 cm., from "Atlas
Historique." Two
DETAIL images. From
www.oldtimesrarebooks.com
1730 Johann Homann:
"SCANDINAVIA," Nurem-
burg, 19 x 22 inches.
Engraved before 1715,
because it lacks a "cum
privilegio."  
From
www.geographicus.com
1891 Stieler: "OST-
EUROPA No. 3." From
the 1888-91 eighth
edition, of "Hand-Atlas
über alle Theile der Erde
und über das Weltge-
bäude"
(Handy atlas of
all parts of the world and
of the universe)
, . (See
the 1862 edition.)
(AK)
1893 W. & A.K. Johnston (publishers):
"BALTIC SEA," 12 x 9.5 inches / 31 x
24 cm, from their "World-Wide Atlas
of Modern Geography."
From Montreal
Maps.
1917: "Germany's Future," according to
an officially published pamphlet --
with annexed eastern territories looking
a lot like the old Polish- Lithuanian
Commonwealth.
1918 "Eastern Europe:
1914. Operations during
1918."
1918 The Graphic Magazine:
"RUSSIA DISMEMBERING
HERSELF"
1919 "NOWA EUROPA W
ROKU 1919," Krakow-
Warszawa. Also a
DETAIL
image.  
(AK)
1921 "EASTERN EUROPE - COMMUNICA TIONS,"
from "The Times Survey Atlas of the World,"
London. Also a
DETAIL image.  (AK)
1646 John Speed:
"EUROPA," London, 5 x
3.5 inches, from his
scarce miniature atlas:
"Epitome."
From
www.raremaps.com
1648- 1700  "EUROPA," from the 1880
Spruner- Menke Hand-Atlas. Also a
DETAIL
image.
From www.maproom.org
1643 Jean Boisseau:
"Nouvelle Description de
L'Europe, Paris, c1657
From Boisseau's Tresor
des carte Geographiques."

From www.raremaps.com
1669 Willem Janzsoon
Blaeu - Giacomo
Giovanni RossiTotius
"Europæ Nova Et Exacta
Tabula ...," Rome, 35 x
22.5 inches, in a
four-sheet map.
From
www.raremaps.com
1670 Francesco Sabatini
- Pietro Todeschi: "Nova
Europae Descriptio
Auctore I. Hondio. Pietro
Todeschi Scul.," 21.5 x
17.5 inches, with 10 coty
views and 12 vignettes of
national dress.
From
www.raremaps.com
1717 Nicolas de Fer:
"L'Europe Suivant les
Nouvelles Observations,"
Paris, 13 x 9 inches, in
the third state from his
"L'Atlas Curieux ou le
Monde."
From
www.raremaps.com
1740 John Bartholomew:
"EUROPE," Edinburgh,
8.5 x 7 inch lithograph
from an 1896 atlas.
From
york on eBay
"1740 EUROPA," from the 1880
Spruner- Menke Hand-Atlas. With
a
DETAIL image. From
www.maproom.org
1810 "EUROPA zur Zeit
NAPOLEON'S I," from the 1880
Spruner-Menke Hand- Atlas. With
a
DETAIL image. From
www.maproom.org
1815 "EUROPA nach dem Wiener
Congress," from the 1880 Spruner-
Menke Hand-Atlas. With a
DETAIL
image.
From www.maproom.org
1765 A. van Krevelt:
"NIEUWE GENERALE
KAART VAN EUROPA,"
Amsterdam.
From
www.orteliusmaps.org
1708 Charles Price (car-
tographer)
- John Senex
(engraver)
: "Europe Cor-
rected from the Observa-
tions Commu icated to the
Royal Society at London,"
 
From www.raremaps.com
1919 "Europe," from the London
Geographical Institute, published 1920
in "The People's Atlas."
1598 Abraham Ortelius:  
"EUROPA,"  Brescia, 5 x 4
inches, from Marchetti's
edition of Ortelius'
"Epitome."
From
www.raremaps.com  
1740 Herman Moll:
"EUROPE," London, 8 x
10 inches, from his
"Atlas Minor, published
1729-40.
From
jpmaps.co.uk
1620 Jodocus Hondius:  "NOVA EUROPÆ," Amsterdam,
15 x 19 .75 inches, in two versions. Hondius' second map
of Europe, first issued in 1606. Nova Zembla is shown
shortly after Barentsz Voyages.
1700 Pieter Schenk: "La
Scandinavie et les
Environs..." Amsterdam,
23 x 19 inches.
From
www.raremaps.com
1648 (Anon.) "Europe;
the Peace of Westphalia,"
6.5 x 5 inches, published
1912.
From
www.periodpaper.com
1682 (Anon.)  "North-
eastern Europe in the
time of Peter the Great,"
published 1907.
From
www.periodpaper.com
1891 "Europe," from
Rand McNally's "Indexed
Atlas of the World."
From
the U.S.  Librry of Congress,
Geography and Map Division.
C. Colbeck: "Europe during
the
15th Century," from
1905's " Public Schools
Historical Atlas." Note:

"Countries left uncoloured
[like Lithuania] were
inhabited by Mohamme-
dans and other non-
Christians."
 From
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps
1560 William Shepherd:
"Europe," from his 1926
"Historical Atlas."
From
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/
maps/historical/history_
europe.htm
1713 Herman Moll:
"EUROPE after the
TREATY of UTRECHT,"
10 x 7.5 inches,  
reprinted 1944.
From
www.periodpaper.com
c1700 Robin Redcoat:
"Europe." f
rom WkiCommons
William R. Shepherd:
"Europe about
1740," from
his 1926 "Historical Atlas."
From http://www.lib.utexas.edu/
maps/historical/history_europe
1782 August Crome: "Neue Carte
von Europa, [
detailing Commercial
and Industrial Production]
," 20.3 x
17.3 inches. Tables list products
made by each country; a key shows
where those products originate.

From www.oldworldauctions.com
 
c1815 (Anon.): "EUROPA,"
Germany, 7 5/8 x 6 3/8.
From antiquemapsprints
1650-59 Nicolas Sanson:
"l'EVROPE," Paris, 15.7 x 22.0
inches, published by Pierre
Mariette. Also a
DETAIL image of
"Pologne," and "Litvania."
From
www.swaen.com
1640  Matthaus
Merian: "EVROPA Nova
Delineatio," Frankfurt,
14 x 11 inches, after
Blaeu.
From
www.raremaps.com
1922 London Geograph-
ical Institute: "Europe's
overland, sea commun-
ications," 50 x 70 cm., at
1:20 000 000, from the
"New Mercantile Marine
Atlas," by Hammond
and George Philip & Son.
From www.davidrumsey.com
1922 J.G. Bartholomew: "Europe -
Political," London, 43 x 56 cm., at
1:10
000 000
, published in "Times Survey
Atlas of the World."
From
www.davidrumsey.com
  
1619 Samuel Purchas -  
Jodocus Hondius:
"Evropa...," London, 19 x
15 inches, from his
"Purchas, his Pilgrim..."

From www.raremaps.com
1770 Thomas Kitchin:
"EUROPE from the best
Authorities," London.
From Modern Gazeteer
1804 (dated 1795) Jean
Baptiste Bourguignon
d'Anville
(cartographer) -
Thomas Kitchin
(engraver)
-  Robert Laurie & James
Whittle (publishers:
"Europe," London, 104 x
123 cm. at
1:4 800 000.
From www.davidrumsey.com
1680-90 Nicolas Visscher:
"Europa delineata et
recens edita per Nicolaum
Visscher..," Amsterdam,
43.5 x 54 cm.
From
www.bergbook.com
1745 Phillip Buache -
Guillaume De L'Isle: "Carte
D' Europe..." Paris, 50.5 x
62.5 cm . Buache updated
De L'Isle's 1724 map.
From
www.bergbook.com
c1550
www.raremaps.com
1920: "EUROPE," from "Leslie's New World
Atlas," 1920, NY., showing their guesstimate
of Post WWI boundaries. Also a
DETAIL image.
F
rom www.etc.usf.edu.maps
1800 Tranquillo
Mollo: "SCHWE-
DEN, Daenemarck
u Norweegen,"
Vienna,
From
www.raremaps.com
1789 Adrien Hubert Brue -
Pierre Emile Levasseur:
"Carte Generale L'Europe
en 1789," Paris, 38 x 52
cm, from  Brue's 1875 (and
last) edition of "Atlas
Universel De Geographie
Physique, Politique,
Ancienne Et Moderne...,"
first published 1822.
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1789 "Europe in 1789,"
10 x 8 inches, published
1935 by Houghton
Miflin.
From
www.periodpaper.com
1791 Franz Johann Josef
von Reilly: "Das Östliche
und Nördliche Europa..."
Vienna, 23,5 x 36 cm.
From his atlas 'Schau-
platzes der fünf Theile
der Welt...'
From
www.bergbook.com
1744 Tobias Lotter: "Eu-
ropa religionis Christ-
ianae morum et pacis..."
(Europe: Christian morals
and a civilization of peace
and war)
Augsburg. From
ruggis on eBay
c1594 Giuseppe Rosaccio:
("Europe"), Venice, 6 x 5.
5 inches, showing
"LITVANIA," and
"LIVONIA."
From
www.raremaps.com
1772 Thomas Jeffreys:
"EUROPE," London. 8 x
10.5 inches. "Poland's"
eastern boundary goes
right up to Smolensk.
From
greypilgrimbooksandmaps
1560
bertiuson eBay
1578 Gerard Mercator - after  Claudius Ptolemy: "Europe VIII,
SARMATIA," Amsterdam, 19 x 13.5 inches / 37 x 51 cm., in two
versions based on the writings of Prolemy. Looking for familiar names,
even in Latin? Look at the "c1200 Baltic Tribes" at the
"MapsHistoricalUpTo 1795" page, and see "Galindians and Sudovians."
1602 Hondius: "EVROPA,"
engraving by I. le Clerc, with a
DETAIL image. From the National
Library of Russia: http://leb.nlr.ru/edoc
1787 Thomas Kitchin:
"EUROPE Divided into its
EMPIRES, KINGDOMS,
STATES, REPUBLICS & C..,"
London, 100 x 100 cm,
showing boundaries after
the First Partition.
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1700 Guillaume de l'Isle: "L'Europe...,"
Paris. Showing, in a
DETAIL image,
l"Lithuanie" within "Pologne," occupying
lands that would often later be claimed
as Historic Belarus.
From the National
Library of Russia: http://leb.nlr.ru/collections
1712 Edward Wells: "A
New Map of Europe
according to the Present
General Divisions and
Names," Oxford, 20 x 14.5
inches. By 1712, Estonia
and Livonia were Russian.
From www.raremaps.com
1922 J.M Bazewicz: "Mapa Europy,"
Warsaw, with an unusual boundary for
newly-independent Lithuania, and a
shaded extension of Poland's new
boundaries, showing the extent of the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in
1772 -- but labeling the area, translated,
as "Polsih Lands in 1772."
From
www.mapywig.org
c1776-80 Jean Denis
Janvier & Francois San-
tini: "L' Europe divisee en
ses principaux Etats
suivant les nouvelles,"
Venice, 47.5 x 64.9 cm.
Does not illustrate the
First Partition.
From
www.bergbook.com
c1552 - 68  Sebastian
Münster: "De l'Europe..,"
8 x 13.5 cm.
From
wws.polona.pl
1519 - 1558 Auguste-Henri Dufour:
"Europe Sous Charles Quint
(XVI Siecle)"  
(Europe in the time of Charles V, 16th
Century)
, Paris, 32 1/2 x 24 inches, from
"Atlas Universel, Physique, Historique et
Politique," published 1860.
From artlusatica on eBay
1811 William Darton
(publisher): ""A New
Map of Europe," Lon-
don, 28 x 23 cm, at
1:24 000 000.
Strangely inaccurate
boundaries for Poland.
From www.davidrumsey.
.com
1791 William Faden:
"Europe, Exhibiting its
Principal States, &c. . . .
Published July 1, 1791,"
London, with the colorist
showing post-Third, 1795,
borders. Dotted lines and
labels accurately show
post-First, 1772, Partition
boundaries,
From
www.raremaps.com
1924 "Rand McNally Standard Map of
Europe," Chicago, 50 x 66 cm, from their
"Commercial Atlas of America." The map
is notable for its city names for Lithuania,
none of which, although Lithuania had
been an independent country for six years
when the map was engraved, reflect
Lithuanian nomenclature: "Kovno,
Polangen, Salanti, Wekshni, Plunia,
Memel, Jurburg, Rossieny, Vilkomir and
Pilwitchki"
From www.davidrumsey.com
1737 Nicolas de Fer:
"Carte Pour l'Intelligence
des Affaires... des Polo-
nois...1711," published
17 years after de Fer's
death.
www.raremaps.com
1744 Emanuel Bowen: "A
New and Accurate Map of
Europe..." London, 14 x 17
inches.
From
www.raremaps.com
1596 Gerard Mercator
(cartographer)
- Rumold
Mercator
(publisher):
"EVROPA,'  Duisburg.
From the US Library of
Congress via wikipedia
c1660 Nicholaus
Visscher: "Europa
delineata et recens
edita..."  Amsterdam,
21.5 x 17 inches.
From
www.raremaps.com
1507 From the "Rome
Ptolemy "Geograph- ia:
"Tabvla Moderna Prvssie,
Livonie, Norvegie et
Gottie," 22 x 12.5 inches.
First map of Europe using
copperplate. Note
"Lithvani Pars."  
From
www.raremaps.com
1570
www.raremps.com
1584 Gerard Mercator - after  Claudius Ptolemy: "Europe
VIII, SARMATIA," Amsterdam,  in two images.
1581
www.raremaps.com
1732 Herman Moll: "A
New MAP of the BALTICK
..," London, 52 x 72 cm.
Published by Bowles.
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1625 Samuel Purchas -  
Jodocus Hondius:
"Europa," London, 7.5 x 6
inches, from the 1625-26
edition of "Purchas His
Pilgrimes."
From
www.raremaps.com
1814 Matthew Cary:
"EUROPE," Philadelphia,
18 x 16 inches, in Cary's
first American atlas to
offer hand coloring -- he
got Poland wrong.
From
www.raremaps.com
c1660 Frederick de Wit:
"NOVA EUROPÆ
DESCRIPTIO," Amsterdam,
22 x 18 inches, showing
Poland and Lithuania as
separate countries.
From
www.raremaps.com
1490 Cambridge University Press:
"Europe, 1490 AD," London, from the
"Cambridge Modern History Atlas,"
published 1912. Depicts a unified Poland
and Lithuania, a dynastic -- not political --
union.
From the Perry-Castañeda Library:
www.lib.utexas.edu
c1760 John Senex
(mapmaker) - t. Bowles
(publisher): "Europe,"
London, 63 x 93 cm.
From U.S. Library of
Congress:  www.loc.gov
1631 Henricus Hondius:
"Europa Exactissime
Descripta Actore Henrico
Hondio 1631," Amster-
dam, 20 x 15 inches.
From
www.raremaps.com
c1697 Jacob von Sand-
rart
(mapmaker) -
Johann Baptiste Homann
(engraver): "Nova et
accurata Totius Europae
Delineatio vulgata..,"
Nuremberg.
From
www.raremaps.com
c1773 Jean Lattre
(engraver) - Jean
Janvier
(mapmaker):
"Carte d'Europe."
Mistakenly attributed to
1764 by source: has post-
1772 boundaries.
From
www.tablespace.net
"Europe in 1648," London from 1912's "The
Cambridge Modern History Atlas." See the
1721 version.
From www.lib.utexas.edu
Perry-Castañeda Library
900 Conrad Malte-Brun
(editor) - Pierre Lapie
(mapmaker): "Europe en
900," Paris, from the
1812 Malte-Brun "Atlas
Complet Du Precis De La
Geographie Universelle."
From  www.davidrumsey.com  
1100 Conrad Malte-Brun
(editor) - Pierre Lapie
(mapmaker): "Europe en
1100," Paris, from the
1812 Malte-Brun "Atlas
Complet Du Precis De La
Geographie Universelle."
From  www.davidrumsey.com  
1100 Conrad Malte-Brun
(editor) - Aime Andre
(publisher): "Europe en
1100," Paris, from the
1837 Malte-Brun "Atlas
Complet Du Precis De La
Geographie Universelle."
From  www.davidrumsey.com  
1608 Frans Hogenberg
(engraver) -  Abraham
Ortelius: "EVROPAE,"
Antwerp, from "Theatro
Del Mondo Di Abrahamo
Ortelio," the first Ortelius
edition with Italian text,
a translation by Pigafetta
which Ortelius' heirs sold
to Jan Vrients, who
printed and published it.
From www.davidrumsey.com
1570 Abraham Ortelius (mapmaker/editor) - Frans
Hogenberg
(engraver) - Gielis Coppens van Diest
(publisher): "EVROPAE," Antwerp, in uncolored and
colored versions from the first edition of the first atlas:
"Theatrum Orbis Terrarum." "Africas Pars" in roman
type denotes these maps as from the first edition. See
the 1603 and 1608 second edition versions.
1804 Dávid Pethes:
"EURÓPA," Debrecen,
Hungary.
From University
of Debrecen, Hungary, via
www.theeuropeanlibrary.org
1225-50 Space Cadet:
"Teutonic Order State."
From English language
wikimedia
1360 Ramsay Muir:
"Europe c1360,"from
"Philips' New Historical
Atlas for Students" of
1911.
From http://sourcebooks.
fordham.edu/
1743 Johann Matthias
Haase: "Europa Secun-
dum legitimas Projec-
tionis Stereographicae,"
Nürnberg, based on his
stereographic horizontal
projection.
From
www.raremaps.com
c1683 Nicholas Sanson
(engineer/cartographer/
publisher)
: "Evrope,"
Amsterdam, 9 x 7
inches.
From  
www.raremaps.com
1717 Herman Moll: "The
seat of WAR in the NORTH
or A MAP of the BALTICK,"
London.
From the Norman B.
Leventhal Map Center at the
Boston Public Library:
www.leventhalmap.org
c1630 Jodocus Hondius:
"Europa," London, 7.5 x 6
inches, from a plate that
looks identical to the one
used by Samuale Purchas
for the 1625-26 edition of
his  "Purchas His
Pilgrimes."
From
www.raremaps.com
"Europe in 1721," London,
from 1912's "The Cam-
bridge Modern History
Atlas." See 1648 version
for how the position of the
label for "Lithuania has
changed.
From
www.lib.utexas.edu
Perry-Castañeda Library
1730 Herman Moll: " To
Her most Sacred Majesty
Carolina Queen of Great
Britain, France & Ireland,
this map of Europe...is
most Humbly Dedicated,"
London, 57 x 96 cm.
From  
Norman B. Leventhal Map
Center at the Boston Public
Library:
www.leventhalmap.org
1742 Guillaume Delisle -
Covens et Mortier: "Carte
d'Europe..," Amsterdam,
49 x 59 cm, from C&M's
"Atlas Nouveau..."
From
www.davidrumsey.com
1744 Matthäus Seutter:
"Europa Religionis
Christianae Morum Et
Pacis Ac Belliartium
Culto Omnium
Terrarum Orbis…"
Augsburg, 20 x 26 cm,
from "Atlas Minor."
From
the National Library of
Finland:  www.doria.fi  
1772 (dated 1770) Louis
Charles Desnos: "L'Europe
Divisee Selon L'Etendue
De Ses Principales
Parties..."
1854 & 1857 James Young (engraver) - Cowperthwaite, Desilver & Butler (1854 publishers) -
Charles Desilver
(1857 publisher): "Map of Europe Compiled From The Latest Authorities,"
Philadelphia, 26 x 16" from 1854 and 1856 editions of Mitchell's  "A New Universal Atlas."
Note the boundaries and statistics for "7. North-west Russia, or Lithuania," which stretches
south to today's Balta, Odessa Oblast, in southwest Ukraine.
1854
www.raremaps.com
1857
www.raremaps.com
1787 Elia Endasian
(mapmaker): "Europia, est
nor ashkharhagrakan
znnut'eants..." (
Europe,
according to recent geo-
graphical observations)
,
Venice, first map of
Europe in Armenian.
From
www.raremaps.com
1795 Thomas Kitchin - Jean Baptiste
Bourguignon d'Anville - Laurie & Whittle:
"Europe divided into its Empires, King-
doms, States..," London, 104 x 123 cm.
Shows 1st & 2nd Partition boundaries,
with a label for "Russian Lithuania" for 1st
Partition territory losses of the Grand
Duchy.
From www.davidrumsey.com
c1670 Richard Blome: "A
New Mapp of Europe
Designed by Mounsieur
Sanson...1669," London,
22 x 16 inches, from his
"Geographical Descrip-
tion of the Four Parts of
the World."
From  www.
raremaps.com
1769 Guillaume Delisle:
"Carte d'Europe...1724...
Philippe Buache 1760...
1769," Paris, 50 x 62
cm.
From the US Library of
Congress: www.loc.gov
1598 Girolamo Ruscelli:
"EVROPÆ  TABVLA VIII,"
Venice, 10 x 9 inches. His
Ptolemy-based Atlas was
an expanded edition of
Gastaldi's Atlas of 1548.
From www.raremaps.com
Ramsay Muir: "Europe in
1519," from the 1911
"Philips' new historical
atlas for students," but
commonly referred to as
"Muir's Historical Atlas."
From http://sourcebooks.
fordham.edu/  
Ramsay Muir: "Europe at
the Peace of Westphalia,
1648," from the 1911
"Philips' new historical
atlas for students," often
referred to as "Muir's
Historical Atlas."
From
http://sourcebooks.
fordham.edu/  
1744 (dated) Nicolas Bion:
"L'Europe," Paris, 7 1/2 x 6 1/2
inches, from "L' usage des globes
celeste et terrestre, et des spheres
suivant les differens systemes du
monde," published by , Guerin &
Nyon.
From oldmapsoldbooks on eBay
1776 Jean Janvier
(geographer/
cartographer)
: "L'Europe
divisee en ses Principaux
Etats," Paris, drawn in
1762 for the 1776 "Atlas
Moderne."
From
www.geographicus.com via
wikimedia
1766 Guillaume Danet
(1731 cartographer) -
Louis Charles Desnos
(revising cartographer
/publisher)
: "L'Europe
Divisee Dans Ses
Principaux Etats," Paris,
27 x 20 inches.
From  
www.raremaps.com
www.bergbook.com
www.raremaps.com
www.alexandremaps.com
vilkau on eBay
1540
jpmaps.co.uk
1542
www.raremaps.com
1545
lusarag on eBay
1552
www.bergbook.com
1552
www.raremaps.com
1598
www.swaen.com
1561
bertius on eBay
1574
www.alexandremaps.com
1574
bertius on eBay
1574
www.alexandremaps.com
www.davidrumsey.com
www.orteliusmaps.com via
wikimedia
www.raremaps.com
1591
LIETUVOS DAILĖS FONDAS:
ldfondas.lt/
http://kazantip.rork.ru/biblio/ptolemeus.htm
www.raremaps.com
www.raremaps.com
www.raremaps.com
www.jpmaps.co.uk
www.raremaps.com
www.raremaps.com
www.raremaps.com