Maps: 1901 - 1921
1901 Grodno Gubernia
1914-18 Harms-
worth's New Atlas:
"POLAND." Note
boundaries, of
Poland and
Lithuania.
(AK)
World War I:
July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918
1905 Richard Andree -
Albert Scobel: "WEST-
RUSZLAND NÖRDLICHE
TEIL" at
1:2 000 000,
40 x 51 cm, Leipzig, from
"Andree's Allgemeiner
Handatlas..."
From
www.davidRumsey.com
1915 "Western
Russia, Poland
and the Russo-
German Fron-
tier,"  from
Collier's War
Maps
, C.B.
Hammond, New
York
(AK)
1917: "Das Land Ober
Ost." Occupied Russian
Empire Territories,
before the September
1918 German offensive.
1918 "Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мапа
Беларускай Народнай Рэспублікі

(Russian: Карта Белорусской Народной
Республики) (Map of the territory claimed
by the Belarusian National Republic)
From  
wikimedia
1907: J.M. Bazewicz:
"MAPA OGOLNA, Krolestwa
Polskiego...na gubernie i
powiaty," from his "Atlas
geograficzny ilustrowany
Królestwa Polskiego"
(Geographical Illustrated
Atlas of the Polish Kingdom),
Warsaw. Also individual
maps of Suwałki gubernia
administrative districts, or
powiats, in their roughly
appropriate position.  
From
www.antykwariat.biz and from
AK's facsilmile atlas from 2010
Suwalski p.
Augustowski p.
Kalwaryjski p.
Sejneński p.
Wladyslawowski p.
Maryampolski p.
Wylkowyski p.
1915: "Germany's
demands in 1915 (As
circulated through the
Neutral Press)."
From
http://images.
nationmaster.com/images/
motw/historical/british_
dominions_yearbook/ger_
demands_1915.jpg
1904 ("Plan, City
of Vilne")
with
Cyrillic street
names
1917: "PLAN der STADT
WILNA,
1: 5 000." From
www.mapywig.org
1905 Bibliograph-
isches Institut Leip-
zig: "RUSSISCHE
OSTSEE-PROVIN-
ZEN LIVLAND,
ESTHLAND, KUR-
LAND,"  at
1:2
250 000
, from
"Meyers grosses
Konversations-
Lexicon," published
1885-1907.
From
books_eldorado on eBay
1902: "RUSSIA, WESTERN
AND SOUTHERN PART,"
New York, map 10.5 x 15
inches, from the "Century
Atlas of the World." Also a
DETAIL image. From Lake
Erie Antique Maps and Prints on
eBay
1915 "Russische
Festungen"
(Russian
Forts)
, published just
months after the
beginning of WWI, and
just as the German army
began invading Russia.
This map appears
designed to guide
invasion strategy.
From
www.mapywig.org
1910, July Brockhaus:
"MILITÄR DISLOKATION
IM DEUTSCHEN REICHE,
ÖSTLICHE GRENZE"
(Military locations in the
German Reich, eastern
border)
(530KB), Leipzig,
at
1:4 450 000, from the
Brockhaus "Konversa-
tions - Lexikon."
From heske
on eBay
1915 "Sekt. III
WILNO BRZESC
LITEWSKI MINSK,"
from a Polish atlas.
1902 "Wegekarte des Riga-
schen Kreises"
(Route Map,
Riga District)
,at 1:210 000, a
folding map published by the
Liv-Estlandischen Landes-
kulturbureau.
From DSPACE at
the Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:
http://dspace.utlib.ee/dspace/
1909 Bibliographisches
Institut, Leipzig:
 "WEST-
RUSSLAND," 10 5/8 x 8
1/4 inches.
From
antiquemapsprints on eBay
1911
www.karty.by
1911 and  1916 Benedykt Hertz: "Mapa szseciu   gubernji
Litwy i Bialej Rusi." (Map of the six guberniyas of
Lithuania and White Russia)  by the publishing house
"Kurjera Litewskiego," Edmund Nowiekiego, editor. The
1911 version is sections of paper glued to linen; the
1916 version is paper, only.
c. 1919 '"Mapa ziem polskich" (Map of Polish
Lands),
published in Lwów and Warszawa by
Nakład Księgarni Polskiej Bernarda Połonieckiego
(Polish bookshop run by Bernard Połonieckiego), at
1:1 500 000. Printed area 77 x 68 cm. No claim
is made to the lands Polish forces would
eventually occupy by force.
From www.RCIN.org
1915 G. Peltier: "Les
Provinces Baltiques De La
Russie," in four sheets.
From www.angelfire. com/ms2
/belaroots/Baltic_home.htm
1908 Leonid Arbusow: "Geschichte Liv-,
Est- und Kurlands," Riga, 34 x 42 cm,
from his "Grundriss der Geschichte Liv-,
Est- und Kurlands"
(History of Livonia,
Estonia and Courland).
Also a DETAIL
image.
From books_eldorado on eBay
1916 Eugeniusz Romer: "Administracya"
(Administrative districts of Poland), Vienna,
at
1:5 000 000, map number 6 from his
"Geograficszno-statystyczny atlas Polski.
"This map is notable for its characteriza-
tion, via pink coloring, of "Litauen" and
"Klein-Russland" -- a Russian term for
Ukraine -- as one entity.
From
www.mapywig.org
1916 Eugeniusz Romer: "Wojenno-
politczna mapa Polski"
(A military-political
map of Poland [on the occasion of the
Proclamation of 5th November 1916]).  
Germany and Austria-Hungary issued a
manifesto promising freedom and
statehood to a Polish nation. Romer's "sfera
polskich interesow"
(sphere of Polish
interests)
include nearly all of the former
Grand Duchy of Lithuania's lands.
From
www.mapywig.org
1919 Luit. Mantnieks: "Latvijas Karte. Carte de la
Latvie," 21.7 x 19.9 inches. One of the earliest maps
showing an independent Latvia. Seven
DETAIL
images.
From www.swaen.com
1916 Józef Micha łBazewicz: " Mapa Europy
Środkowej"
(Map of Central Europe), Warsaw,
68.5 x 50.0 cm.  Also five
DETAIL images.
From www.polona.pl
1919 "Map of Lithuanain
Republic," a proposed map of a
newly independent Lithuania said
to have been delivered to the Paris
Peace Conference by the
Lithuanian delegation. In  1939,
Lithuanian Foreign Minister
Stasys Lozoraitis proposed the
same map and boundaries to
German Foreign Minister
Ribbentrop as part of Polish
partition discussions.
From
www.forum.paradoxplaza.com
1915 "Sonderkarte 4 Kriege
der Karte zum gegen Ruß-
land - Kurland und Liv-
land"
(Special Map No. 4 on
the map for the war against
Russia - Courland and
Livonia)
, with detail maps
of the the areas of
"Warschau" and "Brest-
Litovsk".
From mapywig.org
1918 "The Proposed Frontiers of
Poland," a hand-drawn map,
Appendix No .4 to Roman
Dmowski's memo submitted to
President Woodrow Wilson on 8th
Oct 1918.
From the Library of Congress
via mapywig
1910 K.A. Raag'l: "EESTI-
LIIWIJA KURAMAA,"
Tartu, with Estonian
notations in the Cyrillic
and Latin alphabet.
From
Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:
http://dspace.utlib.ee/dspace
1911 Józef Michał
Bazewicz : "Mapa
Litwy i Rusi," War-
saw, showing Russ-
ian gubernii, labels
in Polish.
The Wroblew-
ski Library of the Lithu-
anian Academy of
Sciences: elibrary.mab.lt/
1902 "Gubernie
zachodnie krolest-
wo polskie," from
"Orgelbrand's
Universal Encyc-
lopedia," Warsaw,
1898-1904, 16
volumes.
From
wikicommons
1904 "Планъ губернскаго
города Ковны, планъ
составленъ под
руководствомъ Члена
Ковенской городской
управы М.А. Легецкаго. -
Ковна : изд. Ковенск.
губерн. стат. комитет,
1904."  (
Plan of the
guberniya city of Kovno /
drawn up under the
direction of Kaunas city
council MA Legetskago. -
Kaunas: Vol. Kovno.
province. stat. Committee
1904.)
From The Wroblewski
Library of the Lithuanian
Academy of Sciences: elibrary.
mab.lt/
1910 Dr. v. H.
Schwarz: "Karte der
Kurischen Nehrung"
(Curonian Spit, or
Neringa)
,  Königsberg,
as a folding map.
From
The Wroblewski Library of
the Lithuanian Academy of
Sciences: elibrary.mab.lt
1916 "Plan von Kow-
no und Umge bung
[Surroundings]," at
1:20 000. From
www. maps4U.lt  via
mapywig.org
1916 "Plan miasta
Wilna."
From The
Wroblewski Library
of the Lithuanian
Academy of Sciences:
elibrary.mab.lt/
1907 "КАРТА
КОВЕНСКОЙ
ГУБЕРНIИ"
((Map,
Kovno guberniya)
. From
US Library of Congress via
www.mapywig.org
1918 "Oberbefehls- haber Ost
(General beim Stabe)
Zentralpolizeistelle Litauen
– Kurland." Bounda- ries
through August 1917.
From
The Wrob- lewski Library of the
Lithuanian Academy of Sciences:
elibrary.mab.lt/
1907 "Планъ гор.
Новоалександров-
ска Ковенской
губернiи,"
(Novoalek-
sandrovsk - Zarasai).
From Wroblewski Library
of the Lithuanian Academy
of Sciences  http:
//elibrary.mab.lt/
1912 Министерство
Торговли и
Промышленности
(The
Ministry of Trade and
Industry)
:"План,
Рижский порт"
(Plan,
Port of Riga
). From
books_eldorado  on eBay
1908 "Russische Ostsee-
Provinzen," from the 6th
edition of "Meyers Großes
Konversations-Lexikon,
published 1902-08.
From
rus.starina on eBay
1914 "Karte
vom  Östlichen
Kriegsschau-
platz"
(Map of
Eastern Battle
sites)
-- a post-
card map.
From
lim_yap on eBay
1915 "КОВЕНСКАЯ
губерния," Petrograd,
32 x 22.5 cm.
From
6440tat on eBay
1915 Alexander Gross (mapmaker) -
Geographia Ltd.
(publisher): "The Daily
Telegraph War Map No. 17," London, 71 x
97 cm.
From the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center
at the Boston Public Library: www.leventhalmap.org
1914 "Dr. Henry Lange's [carto-
grapher]
Karte von Liv-, Est- and
Kurland," Riga, in four images
published by Verlag von Kymmel.
Lange was a founder of the
Geographical Society in Leipzig.
From Univ. of Tartu, Estonia, at dspace:
http://dspace.ut.ee
1918 Stanisław Max (cartographer): "Mapa
Polski i krajów ościennych - Wydanie
Trzecie"
(Map of Poland and Neighboring
Countries - 3rd Edition),
Warsaw, 97 x 100
cm / 38.2 x 39.4 inch wall map, with
tentative boundaries and shading in green
crayon of the Second Polish Republic.
From
Antiquariat Daša Pahor  http://www.pahor.de
1919 H. Laakmann (publisher): "Latwijas
karte," at 1:650 000. Depicts Palanga as
within Latvia's borders. Also claimed by
Lithuania, it was finally assigned to
Lithuania as part of a boundary treaty
signed in Riga May 14, 1921. Also, the
easternmost part of the map goes only as
far as Rēzekne: Latgale was not formally
part of Latvia until the 1920 treaty with
Soviet Russia.
From the National Library of
Estonia http://www.digar.ee
1919 "Eroberung Kurlands im Marz
1919"
(Conquest of Kurland, March
1919)
, Leipzig. After the end of WWI,
Rüdiger Graf von der Goltz
commanded the army of the Baltic
German-established Government of
Latvia, which, in 1919, was
instrumental in the defeat of the
Bolsheviks and their local allies. His
subsequent defeat by Estonians
under Ernst Põdder ended hopes of
German control over the Baltic
region. The map shows front lines.
From lettsell on eBay
1916
wikimedia
1920 Harmsworth Atlas:
"Baltic Provinces," London,
8.5 x 12.5 inches, 1:4 000
000, with tentative borders
for Lithuania.
(AK)
1920 "KARTE VON LITAUEN." (AK)
1920 London Geographical
Institute: "Poland and the New
Baltic States," from "The
Peoples Atlas," by George
Philip & Son, with tentative
borders before May 1921's
Peace of Riga. Placenames are
pre-1914 transcripted
Russian.
From www.hipkiss.org
CAUTION: when you try to go
to this site, it may attack your
computer or smartphone!
1920 "THE REPUBLIC OF
LITHUANIA," from The
Times (of London).
1920 "MAPA SIECI KOLEI
ZELAZNYCH PANSTWA POLSKIEGO"
("Your Polish Railways") by type of
track.
From www.mapywig.org
1920 Edward Maliszewski: "WSCHODNIE
GRANICE POLSKI" (Poland's Eastern
Frontiers), Warsaw.
From
www.mapywig.org
1920 "POLAND,
LITHUANIA, LATVIA,
ESTHONIA. " George F.
Cram Co., Chicago.
1920 Henryk Arctowski (mapmaker):
"Poland," New York, published by
General Drafting Co., Inc., showing treaty
boundaries as of 1920.
From Norman B.
Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library:
www.leventhalmap.org
1920 "POLAND,"
from "Victory Atlas
of the World," with
unusual boundaries
for post-war Poland.
1920 "Rand McNally
Standard Map of
POLAND," showing
boundaries and
plebiscite areas.
From
plaindealing on eBay
"1920 Supplementary
Adjustments to the 1920
Treaty between Russia and
Lithuania." Poland, in this
Cyrillic treaty map, is
nowhere to be seen.
c. 1920 "Carte des Lignes
de Démarcation Conséc-
utives en Lithuanie...  
Violées par les Polonais."
From The Wroblewski Library
of the Lithuanian Academy of
Sciences: elibrary.mab.lt/
1921 "Baltischer Lander,"
probably from from
"Steiler's Handatllas"
1921 Funk &
Wagnall's "Poland
and Lithuania,"
showing unsettled
boundaries. (
AK)
c. 1921 Alexander Gross: "New Map of
Poland," London, 23.5 x 18 inches.
From
www.raremaps.com
1921 "Poland Railways," from the  "Polish
Almanac," Institute of Social Economy,
Warsaw. Also,
DETAIL images from other
maps in the almanac.
(AK)
1921 J. Rozes: "LATVIJAS KARTE, ar
dalu no Pleskavas un Kaunas
gubernam," Riga.
From www.mapywig.org
1921 Jozefa Zawadzkiego: "Plan
miasta WILNA," at 1:12 500.
From www.karty.by
1921 Wykonane w Insytucie wojs. geogr. we
Wiedniu: "Wielka Mapa Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej."
Borders shown include: “Polish ethnographic
area,” "line of Bolshevik-Lithuanian treaty,"
Żeligowski front-line,” "Foch line,” and "borders of
Polish administrative control.”
From http://english.
mapywig.org/viewpage.php?page_id=37
1921 Bibliographisches Institut
Leipzig: "POLEN," 9.4 x 11.8
inches.
From hansaword on eBay
1921
www.RCIN.org
Józef Michał Bazewicz: "Mapa Polski w granicach obec nych podziałem" (Map of
Poland with its current borders)
Warsaw, in 1921 and 1922 iterations, showing
how the border with Poland changed, with two
DETAIL images.
1922
Kujawsko-Pomorska
Biblioteka Cyfrowa
Minerals
Corn, Wheat,
Rye
Created 1915, published after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919: Compiled at the Royal
Geographical Society under the direction of the Geographical Section, General Staff, drawn and printed
by the Ordnance Survey. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I,
in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing
background information for use by British delegates to the conference. "Maps of Poland," in which the
above two maps appeared, is Number 49 in a series of studies produced by the section. The book contains
eight foldout maps, six from the General Map of Europe: regions around six major cities in or near what
would become the newly independent Polish Republic: Berlin, Warsaw, Minsk, Vienna, Krakau (Krakow),
and Jitomir (Zhytomyr, Ukraine). Also included are an “Ethnographical Map of Central and South
Eastern Europe” and “Partitions of Poland,” both of which are now on this site.
Images courtesy of Daniel
Crouch Rare Books: crouchrarebooks.com
"(WARSAW) VARSHAVA "
"MINSK"
1919 Merton M. Wilner:
"Poland," from "A New Atlas
of the New World Corrected
According to the Peace
Terms..,"
The Christian
Herald
, New York. From the
private collection of Roy
Winkelman via
http://etc.usf.edu/maps
1903 F.A. Brock-
haus: (WESTRUSS-
LAND UND OST-
SEEPROVINZEN,"
Leipzig, from "Kon-
versations Lexikon."
Compare with 1897
version.
From ldd
shipping on eBay.de
1904 Saturnin Józef
Sikorski: "Mapa
guberni Królestwa
Polskiego," Warsaw,
28 x 22 cm.
From
www.polona.pl via
www.RCIN.org   
1921 "Mapa Okolic Wilna" (Wilna District Map) -- a manuscript
map from Dr.  Władysław Zahorski's "Legendy i Podania
Wileńskie"
(Legends and Applications of Vilnius). Zahorski was a
Vilnius physician and author of tourist guides and numerous
historical works. His book continues to be reprinted and
updated.
From The Wroblewski Library of the Lithuanian Academy of
Sciences: elibrary.mab.lt
1914 Carl Flemming
(publisher): "Karte
von West-Kurland,
Litauen und Ost-
preußen, No. 25"
Berlin, from
"Flemmings Kriegs-
karten."
From Staats-
bibliothek zu Berlin via
wikimedia
1916 Carl Flemming
(publisher): "Russischen
Ostzeeprovinzen," Berlin,
depicting forts in Russian
cities.
From Staatsbibliothek zu
Berlin via wikimedia
1917 Carl Flem-
ming
(publisher):
"Das Russische
Kriegsgebiet, Nr.
17" Berlin, depict-
ing the Russian
front.
From Staats-
bibliothek zu Berlin
via wikimedia
1921 "Nowa Mapy
Polski," New York,
55 x 48 cm, depicting
presumed Polish and
plebiscite coundaries.
From www.polona.pl
1915  Carl Flemming (publish-
er)
: "WESTRUSSLAND," Berlin
and Glogau.
From Staatsbibliothek
zu Berlin via wikimedia
1921 Władysław Zahorski (mapmaker, Vilnius historian): "Przewodnik po
Wilnie"
(Guide to Vilnius). From The Wroblewski Library of the Lithuanian
Academy of Sciences: elibrary.mab.lt
1914 Carl Flemming
(publisher): "West-
liches Russland.,"
Berlin, part of the
series "Flemmings
Kriegskarten."
See highlighted forts:
"Kovno," Grodno," etc.
From Staatsbibliothek zu
Berlin via wikimedia
1909 "Плань
города Вильны
1909 г.
(Plan of the
city of Vilna, 1909),
as a manuscript
map.
From  www.
elibrary.mab.lt
1912 Leon Wasi-
lewski
(historian/
politician)
:
"Granice Litwy"

(Borders of
Lithuania)
, from
"Litwa i Białoruś."
c. 1904 "ROSSYA POLUDNIOWO -
ZACHODNIA"
(SOUTH-WEST
RUSSIA),
from "WIELKI ATLAS
GEOGRAFICZNY ZE SKOROWIDZEM
NAZW I TEKSTEM
OBJAŚNIAJĄCYM..."
(Great
Geographic Atlas with Gazetteer and
Explanatory Text)
, edited by Wacław
Nałkowski and Andrzej
Świętochowski.
No labels for guberniyas, but
labels for "Żmudź," "Samogitia,"
"Kurlandya," and "Semigalia."
From Składnica Map Biblioteki
Wydziału Nauk o Ziemi Uniwersytetu
Śląskiego via www.mapywig.org
1919 Jan Zabiełło
(mapmaker): "Mapa
Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z
ganicami zachodnimi i płn-
zachodnimi ustalonymi w
Traktacie Wersalskim z
Niemcami w dniu 28
czerwca 1919 roku.
Granice południowo-
zachodnie i wschodnie
wykreślone według
projektów Komitetu
Narodowego w Paryżu."
(Map of the Republic of
Poland with her western and
north-western frontiers as
set forth in the Treaty of
Versailles with Germany on
28 June 1919. The south-
western and eastern
frontiers drawn as per plans
of the National Committee in
Paris.)
From\www.mapywig.
org
c. 1915 Geograph-
ische Anstalt von
Velhagen & Klasing
(publisher): "Deutsch-
Russische Grenz-
lande,"
(German-
Russian Boundary
Lands),
Leipzig,
Bielefeld.
From
National Library of
Finland: www.doria.fi
1918 [dated] Wiktor Skarga-
Dobrowolski: "CUDZEGO NIE
CHCEMY, SWEGO NIE
ODDAMY!
(We don't want
others' land, we won't give up
ours!).
"MAPA ZJED-
NOCZONEJ POLSKI"
(Map of
United Poland)
. From
https://eloblog.pl/
c. 1921 Berliner Lithographisches Institut Julius Moser
(mapmaker): "Ausgedehnte Spezial-Verkehre nach und
von Polen und Russland, Überreicht durch Helmuth
Haenisch," Berlin. An advertising flyer by a logistics
firm, reducing part of the 1921 "GEA Map of Europe."
www.mapywig.org
Beinecke Rare Book
and Map Library,
Yale
c. 1914 A. Taride (editor) -
Cartes Taride
(publisher):
"PROVINCES BALTIQUES,"
Paris, dated via the label
"Petrograd," the re-name
for St. Petersburg in
1914, just before the
start of WWI, because its
original name sounded
too German.
From the
Poznan State Archive, Poland,
via www.mapywig.org
c. 1914 Geograph. Anstalt von Velhagen & Klassing
(mapmaker/publisher): "Sonderkarte 3 [and 4] der
Karten zum Kriege gegen Rußland
(Special Map 3 [and
4] on the War Against Russia)
: Leipzig, in two adjacent
maps from the series.
Both maps from  the Poznan State
Archive, Poland, via www.mapywig.org
1914 (on a 1910 Stielers
Handatlas plate)
"Die
Befestigungen in
Russisch-Polen."
(The
front lines in Russian-
Poland.)
(AK)
"Ostpreußen und Litauen"
"Kurland, Livland und Estland"