Maps: 1601 - 1623
Abraham Ortelius - Philip Galle: "Polonia," a map from his landmark  1570 "Theatrum orbis terrarum" (Theatre of the world) re-drawn by his collaborator Philip Galle for the first pocket
atlas: "Epitome Theatri Ortelani," Antwerp, 5 x 3.5 inches, published by Jan Baptise Vrients (who received rights to Ortelius' plates in 1601), in French, Latin, Italian and German
editions, republished in authorized and plagiarized versions by various publishing houses until 1724. See publication dates/publishers /sources above.
Commentary from Laura Guelle at
Petrus Bertius (cartographer) - Jodocus Hondius (cartographer/engraver): "POLONIA," Amsterdam, 3.5 x 5 inches / 90 x 125 mm, in five different versions,
from different editions of Bertius's "Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum," publsihed by Cornelium Nicolai. First published 1598 in his "Caert-
1602 map from; 1603 version  from eBay; 1606 colored version from lindisfarne2 on eBay; 1606 uncolored version from; c1609
version from
1603 Vaclovas Grodeckis  - Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIÆ, LITVANÆ Q DESCRIPTIO." Antwerp, 15 x 19 inches / 48.5 cm x 37.5 cm image, in four
differently-colored versions, the fourth with two
DETAIL images. From the Latin version of "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum." The image was engraved by Jan
Baptist Vrients in 1595, and was based on an earlier map by the geographer Grodeckis, which was itself based on an earlier map by Bernard Wapowski,
published in 1526. Compare with the 1609 version below.
 First map:; second: www.the antiquarium. com; third:; fourth: regiomontanus
on eBay
1607 Gerard Mercator - Jodocus Hondius:
"LITHUANIA," 5.5 x 7.25 inches, from
"Atlas Minor."
AK-10, and from
c1610 Gerard Mercator - Jodocus Hondius: "LITHUANIA," 13.8mm x 181mm, in six different versions in various languages published around the same time from "Atlas Minor."
Note "LITHVANIE" above the first and sixth map image,
 first map from  Note "LITHVANIA" above both the second map, which is from, and the
third, colored, map,
which is from the National Library of Latvia: The fourth map is from, and the fifth from; sixth map from boughettiarte on eBay
1613-43 Hessel Gerritsz (engraver) - Willem Blaeu (mapmaker/publisher): "MAGNI DVCATVS LITHVANIAE," 28.9 x
29.3 inches, Amsterdam. An important 4-sheet wall map engraved (all maps have the date "1613" on the second
cartouche) from survey drafts prepared by
M. Strubicz under instructions of Prince Nicolas Christophe Radziwill.
These examples are by Willem Blaeu, under his imprint “Guilhelmus Janssoni." This map was not included in an
atlas until 1630.  
All versions are from
1620 Mercator - Johannes Janssonius: "LITHUANIA," 14.5 x 20 cm /
5.7 x 8 inches, from Mercator's small atlas, in two versions, with a
DETAIL image of the second map, which is from the  National Library of Latvia:
Petrus Bertius: "Livoniæ descrip," Amsterdam, 3.4 x 4.9 inches / 8.7 x 12.4 cm., in six depictions, from various versions of a Dutch pocket atlas published in Amsterdam by Cornelium
Nicolai: "Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum Libri Quinque." First published in 1598 in his Caert-Thresoor, the plates were executed by the most famous engravers in
Amsterdam, including Petrus Kaerius and Jodocus Hondius
1616 Petrus Bertius: "POLONIÆ," Amsterdam, 5 x 3.5 inches / 95 x 135 mm, in two versions
engraved by Hondius and printed from the second plate of two used to illustrate his
"Tabularum geographicarum contractarum'" (first published 1612), with thicker printed
borders. The maps from this atlas are largely reductions from a Mercator-Hondius atlas.  
first map from bertius on eBay; the second is from
Gerard Mercator - Jodocus Hondius: "LITHVANIA,"  Amsterdam, in five versions in varying sizes. Mercator's first edition of this map appeared in
1595. Jodocus Hondius purchased Mercator's plates in 1604, and editions continued after Hondius' death in 1612.
1607  map from;
1610 map from;  1613-16 map from; 1619 nd 1623 maps from
1621 Gerard Mercator:  "LIVONIA,"
Arnheim, from his "Atlas Minor," published
Johannes Janssonius. From the Univ. of
From the Univ. of Tartu,
Vaclovas Grodeckis  - Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIAE, LITVANÆ Q DESCRIPTIO." 15
x 19 inches, in three versions published in Antwerp: the 1608 is from "Theatro Del
Mondo Di Abrahamo Ortelio," the first edition printed with Italian text, a translation
by Pigafetta which Ortelius' heirs sold to Vrients, who printed and published it. The
1609 and 1612 versions are from "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," which includes
corrections by Van Den Broecke on the Dniester River, first made 1598. The map is
based upon the maps of Grodeckis, published in 1558 and 1562, corrected by Pograb-
ka, engraved by Hogenberg. Grodecki's map is based on a 1526 map by Wapowsky.

1608 map:; 1609 map:; 1612 map:
1601 - 1612 Abraham Ortelius  - Michel Coignet: "LIVONIA," Antwerp, 3.3 x 4.5 inches / 8.5 x 11.5 cm. Coignet wrote the text for miniature
editions of Ortelius (who died 1598), published 1601-12 by Jan Baptise Vrients: "Epitome theatri orbis terrarum Abrahami Ortelij." The
engravings were done by Ambrose and Ferdinand Arsenius. The maps were copied from, and considered superior to, those in Philip Galle's 1598
edition of the Epitome.
The first map is from; the second map is from The Naional Library of Estonia:; the third and fourth  maps are
from the National Library of Latvia:; the fifth map is from
Petrus Bertius (mathematician/librarian/historian/geographer/cartographer/cosmographer) - Jodocus Hondius
(engraver/brother-in-law of Bertius)
: "LIVONIÆ DESCRIP." Amsterdam, 13 x 9 cm, in four versions, all after Ortelius,
from "Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum…"
First 1616  and colored 1618 map from The National Library of Latvia: http://data.; second 1616 map from; uncolored 1618 map from http//
1618 Jodocus Hondius -  Petrus Bertius: "POLONIA," Amsterdam, in two versions, with a DETAIL
image of each. The maps are from "Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum…," a pocket
atlas that was published 1600 to 1650. Bertius wrote the commentary. His two brothers-in-law,
Hondius and Pieter vn den Keere, engraved the maps.
 First map from http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.
de/ ; second map from  
1603 - 1604 Abraham Ortelius:  "LIVONIA," Antwerp,
published by Jan Baptiste Vrients in English editions of
Ortelius' atlas.
The first map is from the National Library of
Estonia:; the second, colored, map is from the
National Library of Latvia:
1613 Gerard Mercator:
"LIVONIA," France, 14.5
x 19 cm, from "Atlas
From the National
Library of Latvia:
From www.jpmaps.couk
From Estonian National Library:
From lindisfarneprints
1612 Barent Langenes:
"Livoniæ descrip."Am-
sterdam, 5 x 3.5 inches,
first issued in his "Caert-
Thresoor," later re-pub-
lished by Bertius in his
Tabularum Geograph-
icarum, beginning 1600.

From bertius on eBay
1612 Barent Langenes:
"POLONIA," Amsterdam,
5 x 3.5 inches, in an
early state of a map
which first appeared in
1598, later re-published
by Bertius beginning in
From www.
1613 Hessel Gerritsz - Willem Blaeu: "MAGNI DVCATVS LITHVANIÆ," with two additional
sheets depicting the lower Dnieper River.
First map from; second from
1607 Gerard Mercator - Jodocus Hondius:
"Livonia," from "Atlas Minor." Compare
with the 1621 version.
1601 Vrients
1601 Vrients
c1601 Galle-Vrients
1603 James Shaw, London New York
Public Library:
1609 Vrients
antiqueatlas on eBay
1609 Vrients
1601 Coignet - Vrients
1608 Gerard Mercator (mapmaker) -
Pieter Van Den Keere
(engraver) - J.E.
Cloppen- burgh
(publisher): "LIVONIA,"
Amsterdam, 7.5 x 10.1 inches / 19.0 x
25.7 cm. From the first French-text
edition of Jodocus Hondius' "Atlas
Minor." Also a
DETAIL image. From
1621 Gerard Mercator -
Jodocus Hondius:
"Lithuania," Amsterdam,
7 x 7 inches.
1608 Gerard Mercator (mapmaker) -
Jodocus Hondius (publisher): "LIVONIA,"
Amsterdam, 5.9 x 7.4 inches. / 15.0 x
18.7 cm, from the first French-text
edition of Hondius' "Atlas Minor."
1608 Portant (mapmaker
in 1571, used by Ortelius
from 1573 onwards; by De
Jode in 1578)
- Vrients
(publisher): "LIVONIAE
werp,  as one of three maps
on the plate.
"Scala milliarum: 10, 20, 30"
"Scala milliarum: 10, 20,30,40"
redrawn labeling
c1601 Galle-Vrients
1601 on eBay