Maps: 1601 - 1623
Abraham Ortelius - Philip Galle: "Polonia," a map from his landmark  1570 "Theatrum orbis terrarum" (Theatre of the world) re-drawn by his collaborator Philip Galle for the first pocket
atlas: "Epitome Theatri Ortelani," Antwerp, 5 x 3.5 inches, published by Jan Baptise Vrients (who received rights to Ortelius' plates in 1601), in French, Latin, Italian and German
editions, republished in authorized and plagiarized versions by various publishing houses until 1724. See publication dates/publishers /sources above.
Commentary from Laura Guelle at
Petrus Bertius (cartographer) - Jodocus Hondius (cartographer/engraver): "POLONIA," Amsterdam, 3.5 x 5 inches / 90 x 125 mm, in five different versions, from different editions
of Bertius's "Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum," publsihed by Cornelium Nicolai. First published 1598 in his "Caert- Thresoor."
1603 Vaclovas Grodeckis  - Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIAE, LITVANÆ Q DESCRIPTIO." Antwerp, 15 x 19 inches / 48.5 cm x 37.5 cm image, in five differently-colored versions from
the Latin version of "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum." The image was engraved by Jan Baptist Vrients in 1595, and was based on an earlier map by the geographer/engraver Grodeckis,
which was itself based on an earlier map by Bernard Wapowski, published in 1526. Compare with the 1608-12 versions below.
1607 Gerard Mercator -
Jodocus Hondius
"LITHUANIA," 5.5 x 7.25
inches, from "Atlas
AK-10, and from
c1609-10 Gerard Mercator - Jodocus Hondius: "LITHUANIA," 13.8mm x 181mm, in eight different versions in various languages published around the same time from "Atlas
Minor." Note "LITHVANIE" above the first, sixth and eighth map image; "LITHVANIA" above both the second map, and the third, colored, map. Compare with the 1621 version
below, which has "Lithuania" above the frameline.
1613 and later Hessel Gerritsz (engraver) - Willem Blaeu (mapmaker/publisher): "MAGNI DVCATVS LITHVANIAE," 28.9 x 29.3 inches, Amsterdam.
An important 4-sheet wall map engraved (all such maps have the date "1613" on the second cartouche) from survey drafts prepared by
M. Strubicz
under instructions of Prince Nicolas Christophe Radziwill
(Lithuanian: Mikalojus Kristupas Radvila). These examples are by Willem Blaeu, under his
imprint “Guilhelmus Janssoni." This map was not included in an atlas until 1630. These examples have a tiny town vignette at the location for
Memel, but no label. See maps from an updated/corrected plate from 1634 and 1635 with the label "Der Memel."
1620 Mercator - Johannes Janssonius: "LITHUANIA," 14.5 x 20 cm /
5.7 x 8 inches, from Mercator's "Atlas Minor," in two versions. See
versions from 1625, 1648 and 1651.
Petrus Bertius: (publisher) - Barent Langenes (publisher) - Cornelius Claesz (publisher): "Livoniæ descrip," Amsterdam & The Hague, 3.4 x 4.9 inches / 8.7 x 12.4 cm., in six depictions,
from various versions and languages: Dutch, French and Latin, of a miniature atlas first published in 1598, with editions through 1609. The plate, with a characteristic diagonal
scratch, could have been engraved by Petrus Kaerius or Jodocus Hondius.
Petrus Bertius: "POLONIA," Amsterdam, 5 x 3.5 inches / 95 x 135 mm, in versions engraved by Hondius and printed from the second plate of two used to illustrate his
pocket atlas "Tabularum geographicarum contractarum'" (first published 1612), with thicker printed borders. The maps from this atlas are largely reductions from a
Mercator-Hondius atlas.
Gerard Mercator (mapmaker) - Jodocus Hondius (publisher): "LITHVANIA,"  Amsterdam, in six versions in varying sizes (the second 1619 map is 37 x 44 cm / 14.57 x 17.32 inches,
and has French text on the verso) published at various times. Mercator's first edition of this map appeared in 1595. Jodocus Hondius purchased Mercator's plates in 1604, and
editions continued after Hondius' death in 1612.
1621 Gerard Mercator:  "LIVONIA,"
Arnheim, from his "Atlas Minor," published
Johannes Janssonius. From the Univ. of
Univ. of Tartu:
Vaclovas Grodeckis  - Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIAE, LITVANÆ Q DESCRIPTIO." 15
x 19 inches, in three versions published in Antwerp: the 1608 is from "Theatro Del
Mondo Di Abrahamo Ortelio," the first edition printed with Italian text, a translation
by Pigafetta which Ortelius' heirs sold to Vrients, who printed and published it. The
1609 and 1612 versions are from "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," which includes
corrections by Van Den Broecke on the Dniester River, first made 1598. The map is
based upon the maps of Grodeckis, published in 1558 and 1562, corrected by Pograb-
ka, engraved by Hogenberg. Grodecki's map is based on a 1526 map by Wapowsky.
1601 - 1612 Abraham Ortelius  (cartographer) -  Jan Baptiste Vrients (publisher) - Michel Coignet (text author): "LIVONIA," Antwerp, 3.3 x 4.5 inches / 8.5 x 11.5 cm. Miniature editions of
Ortelius' atlas (who died 1598) were published 1601-12 by Vrients: "Epitome theatri orbis terrarum Abrahami Ortelij." The engravings were done by Ambrose and Ferdinand Arsenius. The
maps were copied from, and considered superior to, those in Philip Galle's 1598 edition of the Epitome. The version reliably dated 1604 is from the Hulsius German language edition
published in Frankfurt.
Petrus Bertius (mathematician/librarian/historian/geographer/cartographer/cosmographer) - Jodocus Hondius
(engraver/brother-in-law of Bertius)
: "LIVONIÆ DESCRIP." Amsterdam, 13 x 9 cm, in four versions, all after Ortelius,
from "Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum…"
National Library of Latvia:
1603 - 1604 Abraham Ortelius:  "LIVONIA," Antwerp,
published by Jan Baptiste Vrients in English editions of
Ortelius' atlas.
1613 Gerard Mercator:
"LIVONIA," France, 14.5
x 19 cm, from "Atlas
From the National
Library of Latvia:
Estonian National Library:
1612 Barent Langenes:
"Livoniæ descrip."Am-
sterdam, 5 x 3.5 inches,
first issued in his "Caert-
Thresoor," later re-pub-
lished by Bertius in his
Tabularum Geograph-
icarum, beginning 1600.

lindisfarne2 on eBay
bertius on eBay
1612 Barent Langenes:
"POLONIA," Amsterdam,
5 x 3.5 inches, in an
early state of a map
which first appeared in
1598, later re-published
by Bertius beginning in
From www.
1613 Hessel Gerritsz - Willem Blaeu: "MAGNI
DVCATVS LITHVANIÆ," with two additional sheets
depicting the lower Dnieper River. No label for Memel.
1607 Gerard Mercator -
Jodocus Hondius
"Livonia," from "Atlas
Minor." Compare with
the 1621 version.
1601 Vrients
1601 Vrients
c1601 Galle-Vrients
1603 Shaw, London
New York Public Library:
1609 Vrients
antiqueatlas on eBay
1609 Vrients
1601 Coignet - Vrients
1608 Gerard Mercator (mapmaker) -
Pieter Van Den Keere
(engraver) - J.E.
Cloppen- burgh
(publisher): "LIVONIA,"
Amsterdam, 7.5 x 10.1 inches / 19.0 x
25.7 cm. From the first French-text
edition of Jodocus Hondius' "Atlas
Minor." Also a
DETAIL image. From
1621 Gerard Mercator -
Jodocus Hondius:
"Lithuania," Amsterdam,
7 x 7 inches. Notice
"Lithuania above the
frameline. Compare with
1609-10 versions.
Gerard Mercator (mapmaker) - Jodocus Hondius (publisher): "LIVONIA," Amsterdam, 5.9 x 7.4 inches.
/ 15.0 x 18.7 cm, with the 1608 version from the first French-text edition of Hondius' "Atlas Minor."
1608 Portant (1571 map-
maker; used by Ortelius
1573 onwards & De Jode,
- Vrients (publisher):
one of 3 maps on the plate.
"Scala milliarum: 10, 20, 30"
"Scala milliarum: 10, 20,30,40"
redrawn labeling
National Library of Latvia:
c1601 Galle-Vrients
antique.maps on eBay
www.the antiquarium. com
regiomontanus on eBay
Harvard Map Collection:
Naional Library of Estonia:
National Library of Latvia:
National Library of Latvia:
National Library of Estonia:
National Library of Latvia:
National Library of Latvia:
boughettiarte on eBay
bertius on eBay
National Library of Latvia:
Antique.maps on eBay and
bertius on eBay: Beach Antique
Maps and Prints
1619 Gerard Mercator:
"LIVONIA, "Amsterdam,
36.5 x 47.3 cm / 14¼ x
18½ inches. First
published 1595; see 1627
& 1630 versions.
1601 Abraham Ortelius  
(mapmaker) - Jan
Baptiste Vrients
(publisher): "LIVONIA,"
from a Latin edition of
"Epitome Theatri
From www.
Antique.maps on eBay and
No Memel label
"Der Memel"
c 1608-10
Latvian National Digital