Maps: 1577 - 1593
1578 Gerard de Jode:
"Polonia," from
"Speculum Orbis
Vaclovas Grodeckis - Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIÆ finitimarumque locorum descriptio,” initially in Antwerp, 19.5 x 14.5 inches / 38 x
50.5 cm., but later published many different sizes, in 11 differently-colored versions. All are from "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," first
published in 1570.
First 1579 map from; 2nd from; 3rd from; both 1581 versions  
from; 1584 version from; 1587 version from World Digital Library:; 2nd 1592 version
1584 Abraham Ortelius: "PRVSSIÆ..." 18 x 14 inches, Antwerp, in two different versions,
with different cartouches, both from his "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," and both showing
the Memel/Klaipeda area of Lithuania.  
Both from
1585 Abraham
Ortelius: "POLONIA"
1585  Abraham Ortelius -
Philippe Galle: "POLONIÆ
DESCRIPTIO," 7.5 x 10.3
cm, from Ortelius'-
Godreccio's "Il Theatro del
Sebastian Munster: "Landtafel des Ungerlands / Polands / Reussen /Littaw / Walachen und Bulgaren," Basle, 14 x 10", in
four versions from early editions of "Cosmographia," one of the most influential works of the 16th Century.
First, 1578 map from; third, 1588 map from twinghiwin on ebay; fourth map from cesgia on eBay
1588 Sebastian Munster:
"Prussen," 5.5 x 3.5
inches, from "Cosmo-
graphia." (
See "Neman"/
Nemunas River up top,
along with Neringa and
Memel/Klaipeda area.)

From Beach Antique Maps &
Prints: cesgia on eBay
1589 Maciej Strubicz (cartographer) -
Gerard Mercator (engraver) - Martin
(publisher): "Magni Dvcatvs
Lithvaniӕ Livoniӕ et Moscoviӕ
Descriptio," 39 x 32 cm. Strubicz's only
surviving map.
From wikimedia
1590 Sebastian Munster:
1592 Abraham Ortelius:
"POLONIA." See the nearly
identical map in a 1598
French edition, published
by Philippe Galle.
1592 Johannes Busse-
macher: "Poloniae finiti-
marum que locurum
descripio auctore," 18.0 x
26.6 cm. Based on
Ortelius' version of
Grodeckis' map
(originally published by
Matthias Quad in
"Geograph- isch
1593 Cornelis de Jode (son of Gerard):
Antwerp, 18 x 14 inches, from Vol. 2 of
his "Speculum Orbis Terrarum." A not-as-
successful, but generally superior, con-
temporary of Ortelius.
1593 Matthias Quad: "Prussiæ Descriptio."
Published by
Bussemacher, this 11.1 x
13.9 inch map appears to have been based
on the Munster map to the left, but has
more detail. This is a detail image, with
the complete map at the upper left.
c1579 Philippe Galle (publisher) - Abraham Ortelius: "Livonia nuoa de scriptio Ioanne Portantio auctore," Antwerp, in four versions
from the first French edition of "Le Miroir du Monde" published by Philip Galle. Sheet: 5 x 7 inches / 12 x 18cm. Based on a 1573
map by Jan Portant. Also a
DETAIL image of the first version. First map from smardic on eBay; second from bertius on eBay; third from; fourth map from
1578 Gerard de Jode:
"Livoniæ nova descriptio,"
Antwerp, from his "Spec-
ulum orbis terrarum."
From the Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:
1579  Matthias Quad: "Poloniæ finitimar-
umque locorum descriptio Auctore
Wenceslau Godretcio..," Cologne, 11.5 x
8.5 inches, reduced from Ortelius' map.
The map is based on Godeckis', which
first published in 1558. See examples on
this page.
1579                                          1579                                                    1579       
1587                            1587 DETAIL                                                     1592                                                  1592
1580                                             1581                                                   1581                                                 1584                
1590 Gerard Mercator:
"LIVONIA," image 36.7
x 47.5 cm, published in
From the National
Library of Latvia:
1577-95  Abraham
Ortelius  - Philip Galle:
"Poloniæ descriptio.,"
Antwerp, 15.1 x 17.3
inches, in two images,
from Ortelius' "Epitome
Theatri Ortelianai," as
engraved/ published by
c1578                                                1588                                                1588                                                1588
Abraham Ortelius: "LIVONIÆ NOVA DESCRIPTIO." Antwerp. One of three map images printed on one sheet from his
"Theatrum Orbis Terrarum."  Originally created by Jan Portant in 1573.
First and second maps from;
fourth map from oldleaf on eBay
1584                                                  1587                                                 1590                                                    1590
1578 Gerard de Jode: "Livoniæ
provinciæ ac eius confinium Verus et
elegans typus Io Portantius
cosmographus delinea," Antwerp.
Left half of a plate in "Speculum Orbis
Terrarum," with a detail image.
1587 Stanisław Sarnicki: [Untitled] from
Annales sive de originis et rebus gestis
Polonorvm et Litvanorvm"
(Chronicle of
the origins and history of Poles and
Cracow, as a manuscript
From Małopolska Biblioteka Cyfrowa, via
1593 Jan Portant (mapmaker)
- Johann and Lucas Doetichum
(Deutium) (engravers) -
Cornelis de Jode (publisher):
"Livoniӕ Provinciӕ..., "
Antwerp, from Vol. 2 of  
"Speculum Orbis Terrarum."

From the National Library of Finland: