Maps: 1561 - 1576
Girolamo Ruscelli: "TAVOLA NVOVA DI PRVSSIA ET DI LIVONIA," Venice, in six versions from his version of Ptolemy's "Geographia." The first two Ruscelli editions were published
1561 and 1562 by V. Valgrisi.  The third edition was published by G. Ziletti in 1564. Maps of the first five editions of Ruscelli were printed from the same copper plates of Valgrisi,
which were based on the maps of Jacopo Gastaldi which appeared in Mattioli's 1548 translation of Ptolemy's Geographia. Ruscelli enlarged the maps and included several additions.
The sixth edition of Ruscelli's translation of Ptolemy's "Geografia" was edited and extended by Giuseppe Rosaccio, and published by the heirs of M. Sessa in 1598 and 1599. The Valgrisi
copper plates of the earlier Ruscelli editions were revised by Rosaccio and extended by five new plates. Most of the Ptolemaic and modern maps were enhanced by ships, sea monsters,
fishes, trees and additional place names. Map platemark 194 x 265 mm / 7.6 x 10.4 inches.
1561 map from the  National Library of Latvia:; second
1561 map from; 1562 and first 1598 map from the National Library of Latvia; the 1564 map and the second 1598 maps are from
1562 Giacomo Gastaldi: the bottom half of "... Regno di
Polonia...," 29 x 52.5 cm.
Left  image from;  right image from
1569 Sebastian Munster: "Das vierdt buch." A miniature German- language "Cosmographia" (published 1544 -
1628) atlas page, 8 x 12 inches, with the map 6 3/4 x 10 1/2 inches, in two differently- colored versions.
Compare with the 1598 version.
The page and map on the left is AK-23; on the right from Albion Prints, UK
1561 Girolamo Ruscelli: "POLONIA ET HVNGARIA
NVOVA  TAVOLA," Venice, 10  x 7 inches. Ruscelli's
atlas was an expanded version of Gastaldi's 1548 atlas.
Ruscelli and Gastaldi's maps were engraved on copper, a
turning point in the history of cartography. From that
point on, the majority of cartographic works used this
medium. Harder than wood, it gave the engraver the
ability to render more detail. The 1st edition was in
Latin, while the all later editions were translated into
Italian. The 1598-99 map was revised by Giuseppe
1561 map from; 1598 map from
1570 Sebastian Munster: "...dem Preuffen,"
from "Das Dritte Buch," "Cosmographia." 8
x13 inches. Also a
DETAIL image.
Original engraver Vaclovas Grodeckis (Grodeccio); Frans Hogenberg: secondary engraver; various publishers; editor: Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIAE finitimarumque locorum descriptio. Auctore Wenceslao
Godreccio Polono."
(Poland and nearby lands), from Ortelius' "Theatrum orbis terrarum," 49 x 36.4 cm / 19 x 14.5 inches, first issued 1570, and considered the very first atlas. The Theatrum went through
some 37 editions in Latin, German, French, Dutch, Spanish, English, and Italian.
The first 1570 from Antwerp is from; the second 1570 map, also from Antwerp, is from; the third 1570 from
antwerp is from; the first 1572 map is  from; the second 1572 map and detail image is from; the third 1572 map is from jremington1; fourth 1572 map from; the 1574
map is
AK-12. second 1575 map is from See more maps from this run on the next page.
1574 Girolamo Ruscelli: "
ET DI LIVONIA," Venice, 7
x 9.5 inches, from Ruscelli's
"Ptolemaeus La Geografia,"
which published new
(Tabula Nova) maps along
with maps based on
Ptolemy's instructions.
1570 Sebastian Munster: "Vondem
königreich Poland." A page from a
German-language edition of the
miniature atlas "Cosmographia"
Albion Prints, UK
Jan (Joanne) Portant  (Portantio): "LIVONIÆ NOVA DESCRIPTIO," Antwerp, printed as one of three maps on a sheet, and shown in four versions. Portant was an astronomer,
mathematician, and geographer, and his original map, created c1571, was later used by
Ortelius  (in the 1590 version) and by de Jode.  First three from the Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:; fourth map from the National Library of Finland:
1569 Sebastian Munster : "De regno & rota
regione Poloniae," from a Latin-language
version of his miniature atlas
1561 1st Ed.  
1562 Giacomo Gastaldi: "Il
Disegno de Geografia Moderna del
Regno di Polonia, e Parte del
Ducado di Moscovia, con parte
della Scandia , e parte de Suevia,
con molte Regioni, in quelli. Et la
provincia de Ustinga e quella di
Severa in sino al mare maggiore.
. . MDLXII . . ." Venice, 21 x 30.5
inches (if joined). The first edition
of Gastaldi's 2-sheet map of the
Kingdom of Poland, generally
recognized as the earliest map to
focus on Poland. Derived from
Mercator's 1554 map of Europe,
the map was also likely
influenced by the maps of
Bernard Wapowski (1526) and
Grodeckis published in 1548, now
lost, but copied by Ortelius in
1570.  Paolo Forlani issued a
subsequent edition of Gastadi's 2
sheet map in 1568.
1568 Giacomo Gastaldi: "[Sembia, Livonia,
Esthia]." Venice (?).
From the National Library
of Finland:
1570 (dated) Andreas Pograbius (Andrzej
Pograbski) (physician/cartographer)
"Partis Sarmatiae Europae, quae Sigis-
mundo Augusto regi Poloniae potentissimo
subiacet nova descriptio," Venice, 47.3 x
69 cm. This plate was used by Ortelius
from 1595 onwards.
From National Library of
1562 2nd Ed.
1598 6th Ed.
1561 1st Ed.
1564 3rd Ed.
1598-99 6th Ed.
1561 1st. Ed.
1598-99 6th Ed.
NEW June 16