Maps: 1561 - 1576
Girolamo Ruscelli: "TAVOLA NVOVA DI PRVSSIA ET DI LIVONIA," Venice, in six versions from his version of Ptolemy's "Geographia." The first two Ruscelli editions were published
1561 and 1562 by V. Valgrisi.  The third edition was published by G. Ziletti in 1564. Maps of the first five editions of Ruscelli were printed from the same copper plates of Valgrisi,
which were based on the maps of Jacopo Gastaldi which appeared in Mattioli's 1548 translation of Ptolemy's Geographia. Ruscelli enlarged the maps and included several additions.
The sixth edition of Ruscelli's translation of Ptolemy's "Geografia" was edited and extended by Giuseppe Rosaccio, and published by the heirs of M. Sessa in 1598 and 1599. The Valgrisi
copper plates of the earlier Ruscelli editions were revised by Rosaccio and extended by five new plates. Most of the Ptolemaic and modern maps were enhanced by ships, sea monsters,
fishes, trees and additional place names. Map platemark 194 x 265 mm / 7.6 x 10.4 inches.
1562 Giacomo Gastaldi: the bottom half of "... Regno di
Polonia...," 29 x 52.5 cm.
1569 Sebastian Munster: "Das vierdt buch." A miniature German- language "Cosmographia" (published
1544 - 1628) atlas page, 8 x 12 inches, with the map 6 3/4 x 10 1/2 inches, in two differently- colored
versions. Compare with the 1598 version.
1561 Girolamo Ruscelli: "POLONIA ET HVNGARIA
NVOVA  TAVOLA," Venice, 10  x 7 inches. The first
edition of Ruscelli's atlas was an expanded version of
Gastaldi's 1548 atlas. Ruscelli and Gastaldi's maps were
engraved on copper, a turning point in the history of
cartography. From that point on, the majority of
cartographic works used this medium. Harder than
wood, it gave the engraver the ability to render more
detail. The 1st edition was in Latin, all later editions
were translated into Italian. See the 1598-99 map
revised by Giuseppe Rosaccio.
1570 Sebastian Munster: "...dem Preuffen,"
from "Das Dritte Buch," "Cosmographia." 8
x13 inches. Also a
DETAIL image.
Original engraver Vaclovas Grodeckis (Grodeccio); Frans Hogenberg: secondary engraver; various publishers; editor: Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIAE finitimarumque locorum descriptio. Auctore Wenceslao
Godreccio Polono."
(Poland and nearby lands), from Ortelius' "Theatrum orbis terrarum," 49 x 36.4 cm / 19 x 14.5 inches, first issued 1570, and considered the very first atlas. The Theatrum went through
some 37 editions in Latin, German, French, Dutch, Spanish, English, and Italian.
See more maps from this run on the next page.
1574 Girolamo Ruscelli: "
ET DI LIVONIA," Venice, 7
x 9.5 inches, from Ruscelli's
"Ptolemaeus La Geografia,"
which published new
(Tabula Nova) maps along
with maps based on
Ptolemy's instructions.
1570 Sebastian Munster: "Vondem
königreich Poland." A page from a
German-language edition of the
miniature atlas "Cosmographia"
Albion Prints, UK
Jan (Joanne) Portant  (Portantio): "LIVONIÆ NOVA DESCRIPTIO," Antwerp, printed as one of three maps on a sheet, and shown in four versions. Portant was an astronomer,
mathematician, and geographer, and his original map, created c1571, was later used by
Ortelius and by de Jode.
1569 Sebastian Munster :
"De regno & rota regione
Poloniae," from a
Latin-language version of
his miniature atlas
1561 1st Ed.
National Library of Latvia:
1562 Giacomo Gastaldi: "Il Disegno
de Geografia Moderna del Regno di
Polonia, e Parte del Ducado di
Moscovia, con parte della Scandia ,
e parte de Suevia, con molte
Regioni, in quelli. . . MDLXII . . ."
Venice, 21 x 30.5 inches (if joined).
The first edition of Gastaldi's 2-sheet
map of the Kingdom of Poland,
generally recognized as the earliest
map to focus on Poland. Derived
from Mercator's 1554 map of
Europe, the map was also likely
influenced by the maps of Bernard
Wapowski (1526) and Grodeckis
published in 1548, now lost, but
copied by Ortelius in 1570.  Paolo
Forlani issued a subsequent edition
of Gastadi's 2 sheet map in 1568.
Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:
jremington1 on eBay
1568 Giacomo Gastaldi: "[Sembia, Livonia,
Esthia]." Venice (?).
From the National Library
of Finland:
1570 (dated) Andreas Pograbius (Andrzej
Pograbski) (physician/cartographer)
"Partis Sarmatiae Europae, quae Sigis-
mundo Augusto regi Poloniae potentissimo
subiacet nova descriptio," Venice, 47.3 x
69 cm. This plate was used by Ortelius
from 1595 onwards.
From National Library of
National Library of Finland:
Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:
Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:
1562 2nd Ed.
National Library of Latvia:
1598 6th Ed.
National Library of Latvia:
1561 1st Ed.
1564 3rd Ed.
1598-99 6th Ed.
1570 (dated) Vaclovas Grodeckis:  
"Poloniae, Litvaniae, Rvssiae, Prvssiae,
Masoviae et Scepvsij chorographia," Basel,
63 x 79 cm, in a second edition.
Harvard Map Collection:
National Library of France:
Albion Prints, UK
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