Maps: 1561 - 1576
Girolamo Ruscelli: "TAVOLA NVOVADI PRVSSIA ET DI LIVONIA," Venice, in three versions: the sailing ship in the 1564 version
identifies it as a third-state map. Map 190 x 260 mm / 7.5 x 10.25 inches.
All three maps from the  National Library of Latvia:
1562 Giacomo Gastaldi: the bottom half of "... Regno di
Polonia...," 29 x 52.5 cm.
Left  image from;  right image from
1569 Sebastian Munster: "Das vierdt buch." A miniature German- language "Cosmographia" (published 1544 -
1628) atlas page, 8 x 12 inches, with the map 6 3/4 x 10 1/2 inches, in two differently- colored versions.
Compare with the 1598 version.
The page and map on the left is AK-23; on the right from Albion Prints, UK
1561 Girolamo Ruscelli: "POLONIA ET
10  x 7 inches. Ruscelli's atlas is an
expanded version of Gastaldi's 1548 atlas --
which has been called the most compre-
hensive atlas produced between Waldsee-
muller's 1513 "Geographica" and Ortelius'
1570 "Theatrum.  Ruscelli and Gastaldi's
maps were engraved on copper, a turning
point in the history of cartography. From
that point on, the majority of cartographic
works used this medium. As it was a
harder material than wood it gave the
engraver the ability to render more
1570 Sebastian Munster: "...dem Preuffen,"
from "Das Dritte Buch," "Cosmographia." 8
x13 inches. Also a
DETAIL image.
Original engraver Vaclovas Grodeckis (Grodeccio); Frans Hogenberg: secondary engraver; various publishers; editor: Abraham Ortelius: "POLONIAE finitimarumque locorum descriptio. Auctore Wenceslao
Godreccio Polono."
(Poland and nearby lands), from Ortelius' "Theatrum orbis terrarum," 49 x 36.4 cm / 19 x 14.5 inches, first issued 1570, and considered the very first atlas. The Theatrum went through
some 37 editions in Latin, German, French, Dutch, Spanish, English, and Italian.
The first 1570 from Antwerp is from; the second 1570 map, also from Antwerp, is from; the third 1570 from
antwerp is from; the first 1572 map is  from; the second 1572 map and detail image is from; the third 1572 map is from jremington1; fourth 1572 map from; the 1574
map is
AK-12. second 1575 map is from See more maps from this run on the next page.
1574 Girolamo Ruscelli: "
ET DI LIVONIA," Venice, 7
x 9.5 inches, from Ruscelli's
"Ptolemaeus La Geografia,"
which published new
(Tabula Nova) maps along
with Ptolemy's originals.
1570 Sebastian Munster: "Vondem
königreich Poland." A page from a
German-language edition of the
miniature atlas "Cosmographia"
Albion Prints, UK
Jan (Joanne) Portant  (Portantio): "LIVONIÆ NOVA DESCRIPTIO," Antwerp, printed as one of three maps on a sheet, and shown in four versions. Portant was an astronomer,
mathematician, and geographer, and his original map, created c1571, was later used by
Ortelius  (in the 1590 version) and by de Jode.  First three from the Univ. of Tartu, Estonia:; fourth map from the National Library of Finland:
1569 Sebastian Munster : "De regno & rota
regione Poloniae," from a Latin-language
version of his miniature atlas
1561                                                                                   1562                                                                                  1564
1562 Giacomo Gastaldi: "Il
Disegno de Geografia Moderna del
Regno di Polonia, e Parte del
Ducado di Moscovia, con parte
della Scandia , e parte de Suevia,
con molte Regioni, in quelli. Et la
provincia de Ustinga e quella di
Severa in sino al mare maggiore.
. . MDLXII . . ." Venice, 21 x 30.5
inches (if joined). The first edition
of Gastaldi's 2-sheet map of the
Kingdom of Poland, generally
recognized as the earliest map to
focus on Poland. Derived from
Mercator's 1554 map of Europe,
the map was also likely
influenced by the maps of
Bernard Wapowski (1526) and
Grodeckis published in 1548, now
lost, but copied by Ortelius in
1570.  Paolo Forlani issued a
subsequent edition of Gastadi's 2
sheet map in 1568.
1568 Giacomo Gastaldi: "[Sembia, Livonia,
Esthia]." Venice (?).
From the National Library
of Finland:
1570 (dated) Andreas Pograbius (Andrzej
Pograbski) (physician/cartographer)
"Partis Sarmatiae Europae, quae Sigis-
mundo Augusto regi Poloniae potentissimo
subiacet nova descriptio," Venice, 47.3 x
69 cm. This plate was used by Ortelius
from 1595 onwards.
From National Library of