Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,257 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     859 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     552 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     213 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      182 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       166 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      144 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       88 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        44 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       43 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

November 17 adds: 10 maps; 1 town view

Next update: November 24

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 26.3%; 2. Lithuania: 21.0%; 3. Latvia: 18.8%; 4. Russia: 5.1%; 5. Other: 28.8%

  • c1609 Mercator (geographer/astronomer/globe-maker/engraver/cartographer/mathematician/  
    publisher/originator of this map) - J. Hondius (engraver/publisher of this map): "LITHUANIA" (677 KB),
    from "Atlas Minor," published in various languages at various times. Unlike a number of versions in this      
    series,  there is no "LITHVANIE" or "LITHVANIA"above the frameline. Compare with the 1621 version,    
    which has "Lithuania" above the frameline

  • 1741 Senex (geographer/mapmker): "A new Map of POLAND from the lateft Obser." (390 KB),  
    London, from Patrick Gordon's "Geography Anatomiz'd or the Geographical Grammar." See the 1744 and     
    1749 versions

  • 1815 [dated 1814] L. Hebert (geographer/cartographer) - Neele (engraver) - Pinkerton (geographer/
    archaeologist/historian): "POLAND" (1.6 MB), London, in a third version from "Pinkerton's Modern Atlas,"
    one of the best English atlases of the time, similar to Thomson's of 1817. Compare with the version  from the
    1818 Philadelphia edition

  • c1938 Wacznadze (cartographer): "Mapa dróg wodnych Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z podziałem
    administracyjnym" (Map of Waterways of the Republic of Poland with Administrative
    Divisions) (1.8 MB), Warsaw

  • c1940 London Geographical Institute: "Poland, with the Territory of Danzig, East Prussia and
    Lithuania" (9.5 MB), London, depicting boundaries for “German Occupation, September 1939," and   
    “Russian Occupation, September 1939”

  • (TopoMapsPol1920-39):
  • 1921-38 Polish 1:100 000 topographical maps, with the notation "Wyłącznie do użytku służbowego"    
    (For Official Use, Only), created by the Wojskowy(-kownego) Instytut(-u) Geograficzny(-nego) (WIG),
    Warszawa. I am filling many blanks at this section, thanks to my good friend at
    (where you'll find even higher-definition versions of these maps. I trim rough edges that have no
    data and compress the images to make them easier for you to view or download). This week's     
    four new  maps:

  • 1935 "P26 S39 Panevėžys (Poniewież)" (8.7 MB) (Russian: Ponevezh - Поневеж; Yiddish:
    Ponevez - פּאָנעװעזש; German: Ponewiesch; Latvian: Panevēža; Panevezhis, Panevezio Velzis,
    Ponavezh, Ponevetz, Ponivez, Ponowitcz, Ponyevez, Pounivez, Punaviz)

  • 1936 "P26 S37 Baisogala (Bejsagoła ) (8.3 MB) (Russian: Beisagola - Бейсагола; Yiddish
    Baisegale - בייסעגאָלע; Baisagole, Beisogala, Beysagola, Baysogala, Baisogalos)

  • 1936 "P26 S36 Kelmė (Kielmy)" (8.5 MB) (Russian: Kelmy - Кельмы; Yiddish/German:
    Kelm - קעלם; Latvian: Ķelme; Kelem, Kelmės)

  • 1936 "P26 S38 Krekenava (Krakinów)" (8.7 MB) (Russian: Krakinovo -Кракиново;
    Yiddish: Krakinove - קראַקינאָווע; Krakanova, Krakenovo, Krakinava, Krakinova, Krekenova)

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1838  van Kampen (mapmaker) - Baarsel & Zoon (engravers) - E.F. Bohn (publisher): "Europisch
    Rusland" (1.6 MB), Haarlem

  • (TownViewsN-U):
  • c1720 Werner (artist) - Wolff (engraver) - Probst (publisher): "RIGA METROPOLIS LIVONIÆ"  
    (1.7 MB), Augsburg, in the first state. The print would be issued with revisions for the next 40  years.    
    See later states of the plate nearby
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: