LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 
In 2010, Richard Butterwick, in
Central Europe, Vol. 8 No. 2, wrote of "...the successor states, nations,
and nation-states of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland,
Russia, and Israel (to name but the principal ones)."
 My focus here is the area represented today by the
three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors  
are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.






























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Other sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Other sites with high-definition maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date (site launched 2008):
  • 4,273 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     705 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     666 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in high definition
  •     263 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     207 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1943 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      188 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      184 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      152 maps of European Russia, 1550 to 1948, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      115 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        68 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        60 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 to 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        56 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        27 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, November 23 - 29:
  • 10 maps, 6 of which are "New to this site"
  • 1 greatly-improved image of an existing map
  • 1 new mapmaker biography: Spanish cartographer Tomas Lopez and a research paper on his    
    maps of Poland-Lithuania by the eminent Lithuanian map historian, collector, and consultant
    Algimantas Muzikevičius
  • The Paris Map Fair is virtual, December 9 - 13; see the hotlink at "UpcomingMapFairs"

Next update: December 6

Whe
re do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 71.7%; 2. Russia: 6.3%; 3. Latvia: 4.4%; 4. Ukraine: 3.9%; Other: 13.7%

  • 1702-07 J.B. Homann (engraver/cartographer): "Hanc Regni Poloniarvm Magniqve Dvcatvs
    Lithvaniæ..," Nürnberg, in two new versions (9.3 and 4.1 MB). Dedicated to Augustus II The Strong,   
    Elector of Saxony from 1697, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 1697–1706, and again from 1709  
    until his death in 1733

  • c. 1756 Seutter (original mapmaker) - Lotter (publisher): "Livoniӕ et Curlandiӕ Ducatus..,"Augsburg,
    in a greatly improved image (from 284 KB to 9.2 MB). These maps are reprints of a map in Seutter's "Atlas
    Novus" with Lotter's name added. Seutter's maps were, themselves, largely copies of J.B. Homann's maps

  • New to this site: 1786 [dated] López (geographer/cartographer/engraver/publisher): "REYNO DE
    POLONIA, DIVIDIDO EN SUS ESTADOS y Palatinados" (9.0 MB), Madrid

  • 1788 [dated] Schrämbl (cartographer) - Schalbacher (publisher): "Generalkarte von Polen, Litauen,
    und den Angraenzenden Landern" (9.7 MB), Vienna. Four joined sheets, from "Allgemeiner Grosser
    Schrämblischer Atlas." Credit is given to Zannoni, Folin, Pfau and Uz. See the dated-1793 version

  • 1792 [dated] López (geographer/cartographer/engraver/publisher): "REYNOS DE POLONIA Y  
    PRUSIA" (505 KB), Madrid, in a new version from his "Atlas Elemental Moderno..."

  • New to this site: c. 1809 López (geographer/cartographer/engraver/publisher): "REYNO DE  
    POLONIA, DIVIDIDO EN SUS ESTADOS y Palatinados" (9.3 MB), Madrid

  • New to this site: c. 1871 Картографическое заведение А. Ильина (Cartographic establishment of      
    Aleksei Ilyin, cartographer/publisher): "Карта Лифляндской губернии" (Map of Liefland
    guberniya) (8.3 MB), St. Petersburg, with two inset maps. The source dated the map as 1814, but the
    mapmaker, an aristocratic army captain, and his colleague Poltoratskii, founded their firm in 1859. It was the
    first of its kind in Russia: a modern workshop and publishing house similar to those in the Polish-Lithuanian
    Commonwealth in the late 18th century, and to Italian, German, English, French, and Dutch commercial firms
    centuries earlier. They imported machines and equipment from Paris and Würzburg, and trained Russian
    engravers independent of the Imperial court. Ilyin's government and military contacts enabled the firm to get
    contracts for maps from IRGO, the army's General Staff, the Central Statistical Committee, the Military
    Topographical Division, the Department of Trade and Manufacturing, and the Department of Land Division
    (Commentary from Steven Seegel's "Mapping Europe's Borderlands")

  • (TopoMapsLithuanian): From 1924 -1938 Lithuania's Department of Military Topography surveyed  
    Lithuanian territory. Maps at 1:100 000 were compiled for about 2/3 of the country along with 92 sheets   
    at  1:25 000. This week I've uploaded:
  • New to this site: 1931 475 "Kalnėnai" (9.3 MB), not the Vilnius neighborhood, but centered on a
    small town just north of Rumšiškės

  • New to this site: 1931 474 "Karmėlava" (9.7 MB), 6 km / 3.7 miles northeast of Kaunas

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • New to this site: 1855 Buchdruckerei der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (publisher):
    "Karte des europäischen RUSSLANDES - Bezeichnung der Consistorial Bezirke...auf
    welcher alle evangelischen Gemeinen die zur lutherischen Kirche gehören..." (Map of
    European Russia - Designation of the Consistorial [religious court] Districts...[pertaining to]  
    all Protestant congregations that belong to the Lutheran Church...) (2.3 MB), St.  
    Petersburg, from "Atlas der Evangelisch - Lutherischen Gemeinen in Russland." The boundaries of
    "Kurland Consistorial-Bezirke" match those of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2020
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
1855 Detail: "...europäischen
RUSSLANDES," Kurland
Consistorial Bezirke