Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,743 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     831 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     569 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     228 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     191 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      175 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      163 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      124 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        99 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        64 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, June 2 - 21: 10 maps; 2 detail images; 2 improved map images

Next update: June 30

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 54.8%; 2. Russia: 11.9%; 3. China: 6.5%; 4. Latvia: 5.9%; 5. Other: 20.9%

  • 1542 Münster (cartographer): “POLONIA ET VNGARIA XV NOVA TABVLA” (1.1 MB), as published in
    his Ptolemy-based "Geographia Universalis," published 1540 - 1628 in about 40 different editions. Only the
    1545 and 1552 editions have XX in the title above the map -- other editions, like this new version, have XV in
    the title. The map was based on ones from Bernard Wapowski, historian and "Founder of Polish Cartography,"
    and by Georg von Reicherstorffer, Transylvanian historian and cartographer

  • 1704 G. Bodenehr the Elder (engraver/publisher): "Geographische Vorstellung derer Königreiche
    Polen und Preussen mit derem Incorporierten Landen" (302 KB), Augsburg, from his "Atlas     
    Curieux oder Neuer und Compendieuser Atlas." Compare with the 1716 atlas versions

  • 1749 [dated] G. Robert de Vaugondy (mapmaker): "Grand Duche de Lithuanie Divise par    
    Palatinats" (636 KB), Paris, in a new version from his "Atlas Portatif, Universel et Militaire..," first    
    published in 1748, and based on a combination of maps by Sanson and Jaillot, whose plates he had acquired

  • 1756 Le Rouge (mapmaker/publisher): "La Pologne" (550 KB), Paris, in a new version from his "Atlas
    Nouveau Portatif à l'usage des militaires et du voyageur," also published in 1748 and 1767

  • 1757 [dated] Daumont (mapmaker) - Homann Heirs (publisher): "Les Royaumes de Pologne et de
    Prusse Par Tobie Mayer" (1.2 MB), Paris, in a new version based upon a map by Mayer. Daumont  
    engraved playing cards and a few maps, typically based upon those of other mapmakers, 1750-60

  • 1773 [dated] Crépy Family (engravers/publishers): "Etat Present du Royaume de Pologne..." (601    
    KB), Paris, depicting lands lost in the First, 1772, Partition, and most likely from their re-issue of Le Rouge's
    "Atlas Nouveau"

  • 1784 Kitchin (mapmaker/engraver/hydrographer): "Poland with its Dismember'd Provinces"    
    London, in a new high-definition image (1.1 MB) replacing two inferior ones

  • 1802 W. Darton, Jr. (publisher): "POLAND" (1.1MB), in a new and high-definition version from "Atlas to
    Walker's Geography." The plate mentions the 1793 and a "subsequent partition," but depicts only the result of
    the first partition

  • 1831 R. Alabern y Moles (engraver) - Torner (publisher): "REINO DE POLONIA, ò sea la parte unida    
    a la Rusia por el repartimiento de 1795 que conserva el nombre de aquel antiguo reino"
    (Kingdom of Poland, the part united to Russia by the Partition of 1795, preserving the name   
    of that ancient kingdom) Barcelona, in a greatly-improved image (from 84 KB to 600 KB) from
    "Diccionario geografico universal," published 1830-35

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • 1581 Heinrich Zell (original mapmaker, in 1547) - Ortelius (mapmaker): "PRVSSIAE DESCRIPTIO
    ante aliquot annos ab Henrico Zellio edita, ab eoq ‘D. Ioanni Clur. civi Gedanesi Ded:"   
    (586 KB), a map based on a four-sheet map created by Zell after he travelled through Prussia 1539-41,
    and published 1542 in Nuremberg. It was the basis for maps of Prussia by Münster (1550), Ortelius  
    (from 1570 in "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum"), by Henneberger (from 1576), and by de Jode in 1578

  • (MapsLithInEurope):
  • c. 1710 Schut (engraver) - Cornelis Danckerts the Younger (publisher): "D'Reyse des Apostels     
    Paulina Roomen etc." (St. Paul's travel to Rome [from Jerusalem]) (272 KB), in the first    
    state of a map of Europe, published in a Dutch bible. Also detail images of the Lithuanian area (218 KB)
    and of St. Paul's route (209 KB). Later editions were published by R & J Wetstein and William Smith in
    Amsterdam, Samuel Luchtmans in Leiden, and last by Elwe. Note the separate boundaries and original
    coloring for "Lithauwen" -- which St. Paul never visited!

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1946 "EUROPEAN U.S.S.R. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS, JULY 1, 1946" (5.2 MB), based    
    on Soviet-produced maps of 1943 and 1945. Also shows 1937 international boundaries. Note the two
    disclaimers: "1. The boundaries on this map do not necessarily correspond in all cases to the boundaries
    recognized by the U.S. Government. 2. The U.S. Government has not recognized the incorporation of
    Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania into the Soviet Union"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
Detail: c. 1710
Detail: c. 1710
St. Paul's travel to