LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.




























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,844 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     786 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     507 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     194 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     168 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     151 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       119 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       40 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       28 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

July 22 adds: 10 maps; 1 detail image; 1 new resource: identified at their image as "NEW" until  the
next update.

New map resource: Osher Map Library

Next update: August 5

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 30.6%; 2. Latvia: 12.8%; Lithuania: 9.7%; 4. Russia: 8.1%; 5. Other: 38.8%

  • 1575 Grodeckis (Grodeccio) (engraver) - Ortelius (geographer/publisher): "POLONIÆ finitimarumque
    locorum descriptio. Auctore Wenceslao Godreccio Polono" (Poland and nearby lands) (437
    KB), in a second version from 1575 from Ortelius' "Theatrum orbis terrarum," first issued 1570, and   
    considered the very first atlas

  • 1578 de Jode (publisher): "Livoniæ provinciæ ac eius confinium Verus et elegans typus Io
    Portantius cosmographus delinea" (226 KB), Antwerp. This is the left (western) half of a plate in
    "Speculum Orbis Terrarum." Also a detail image (291 KB)

  • c1579 Galle (publisher) - Ortelius (geographer/publisher): "Livonia nuoa de scriptio Ioanne    
    Portantio auctore" (328 KB), Antwerp, in a fourth version from the first French edition of "Le Miroir du
    Monde." The map is based on one by, and credited to, a 1573 map by Jan Portant

  • 1697 de Fer (geographer/publisher) - Iselin (engraver): "LES ESTATS DE LA COURONNE  DE
    POLOGNE" (386 KB), Paris, in a second version from de Fer's "Petit et Nouveau Atlas"

  • 1730 Steidlin (engraver): "Conventus FR. FR. Ord. Erem. S. Augustini per Provinc. Poloniæ et
    Lithuanie" (281 KB). Locations of convents in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Kingdom of Poland

  • c1900 Семенова (Semenova) (geographer/editor): "КАРТА ВЕРХНЯГО ПОДНБПРОВЬЯ И  
    ЬБЛОРУССИ" (Map of the Upper Dnieper and Belarus) (8.9 MB), depicting an area from Riga in the
    north, Vilnius in the west, Minsk in the south, and Moscow in the east. Likely from his multi-volume "Russia:     
    a complete geographical survey of our fatherland"

  • 1907 "Планъ гор. Новоалександровска Ковенской губернiи," (Town plan, Novoaleksan-
    drovsk, Kovno guberniya) (1.3 MB). Known in Polish since the 16th century as Jeziorosy, the town was
    renamed in 1836 Novoalexandrovsk in honor of Tsar Nicholas I's son Alexander. From 1919 to 1929, in newly
    independent Lithuania, the town was called Ežerėnai, from ežeras, the Lithuanian word for lake. The current
    Lithuanian name, Zarasai, was adopted in 1929

  • c1921 Gross (mapmaker): "New Map of Poland" (4.2 MB), London, showing interesting and reduced
    boundaries for post-WWI Poland

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter 1795): 1799 Smuglewicz (publisher) - Rushchyts, Halicki, Zawadzki (mapmakers):  
    "Wilno w końcu wieku XVIII-go" (Vilnius at the end of the eighteenth century) (1.3 MB),    
    Vilnius, published 1912 in "Wilno z przed stu lat" (Vilnius for a hundred years)

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope): 1620 Hondius (engraver/mapmaker/publisher): "NOVA EUROPÆ" (810 KB),  
    Amsterdam, in a second version of his second map of Europe, first issued 1606
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com