Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,417 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many in high definition; all in downloadable jpegs
  •     825 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     228 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     187 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      171 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      149 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     103 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       46 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, June 9 - 22: 10 maps

Next update: July 6

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 29.8%; 2. Lithuania: 17.3%; 3. Latvia: 13.7%; 4. Russia: 7.3%; 5. Other: 31.9%

  • c1684 C. Hartknoch (historian/mapmaker): "Accurata Livoniæ Descriptio" (1.5 MB), Königsberg. Not   
    to be confused with the works of father and son (both named) Johann Friedrich: the Riga book- and map-seller
    father (1740-89); the son (1768 - 1819) published L.A. Mellin's "Atlas von Liefland in Riga in 1798

  • 1689 [dated] da Vignola (cartographer) - Barbey (engraver) - di Rossi (publisher): "La Prussia divisa in
    reale che appartiene al re di Polonia" (4.5 MB), Rome, from di Rossi's two-volume atlas "Mercurio
    Geografico overo Guida Geografica in tutte le parti del Mondo," which competed with Coronelli's atlas

  • c1690-95 Danckerts Family: "Magni Ducatus Lithuaniæ, Divisa Tam In Palatinatus" (3.6 MB),
    Amsterdam, in a third version. Danckerts sold this plate to the Ottens brothers in 1726 -- see their version of
    this map, with the Ottens name on the cartouche, from 1726 and 1788

  • 1692 Sanson (mapmaker) - Jaillot (original publisher) - Mortier (pirating publisher): "Estats de Pologne
    Subdivises suivant l'estendue des Pakatinats Par Le Sr. tres sidele serviteur    
    Hubert Jaillot" (1.7 MB), in a fourth pirated version published by Pierre Mortier in Amsterdam. Much of
    Jaillot's output was based on maps by Nicolas Sanson, in editions prepared for him by Adrien and Guillaume
    Sanson. In 1670 he asked them to rework the elder Sanson's maps to create the "Atlas Nouveau" in editions of
    1681, '84 and '89. But editions of 1692, '96 and '98 were pirated by Mortier

  • 1702-07 J. Homann (engraver/cartographer): "Hanc Regni Poloniarvm Magniqve Dvcatvs
    Lithvaniæ..," (7.9 MB), Nürnberg, in a second version with a dedication to Queen Anne (1665 - 1714),
    "Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland" from 1702-07,  from "Atlas Royal." Anne became pregnant
    seventeen times in 17 years. Of her five live-born children, four died before reaching the age of two, and one
    died at 11

  • c1720 J.B. Homann (geographer/cartographer): "Dvcatvvm LIVONIÆ et Cvrlandiӕ, cum vicinis
    Insulis Nova Exhibitio Geographica. Editore IOH Homanno, Norimburgӕ" Amsterdam, in two  
    new versions (5.9 MB, 6.6 MB) each with a cartouche pre-dating his  "Cum Privilegio S.C.M." -- see the 1730
    versions with it

  • 1773 [dated] J-B. Crépy (publisher): "Etat Present du Royaume de Pologne avec les Possessions
    nouvelles de l'Empereur, de l'Impératrice de Russie, et du Roy de Prusse" (348 KB), Paris,  
    depicting the results of the First, 1772, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • 1788 [dated] Uz (Utz) (cartographer): "Nova Mappa Geographica Regni Poloniӕ, Magni Dvcatvs
    Litvaniӕ, Regni et Dvcatvs Occidentalis Borvssiӕ, Secundum..." (1 MB), Nürnberg, in four sheets,
    updating his 1773 map, depicted on this site. He also published a 1793 update

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • 1817 Thomson (publisher) - J. & G. Menzies (engravers): "Europe," (5.6 MB), Edinburgh, from
    Thomson's "New General Atlas." The map is notable for its colorist showing the eastern (only) boundary  
    of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth superimposed over Russia, labeling Poland, but never
    mentioning Lithuania. Also "Galicia" is labeled, and its boundaries colored: an area formed from lands lost
    by the Commonwealth to the Habsburgs in the First and Third Partitions. Its formal name, "Kingdom of
    Galicia and Lodomeria," existed from 1804 - 1918 as a crownland of the Austrian Empire
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: