Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1795, at
one point 400,000 square miles and the largest country in Europe. It's the area represented today by
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Kaliningrad Oblast, eastern Poland and western Ukraine. So if you
or your ancestors are from any of these areas, you will find maps here of interest.
What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
- Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
- Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date, from 1467 to 1956
- The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
- Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
- Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
- Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps
Totals to date:
I update the site every Friday, listing below the newly-added maps, town views and prints.
- 1,942 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area
- 506 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
- 124 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
- 53 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
- 33 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
March 7 adds: 10 maps; 1 greatly-improved image
Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 29.1%; 2. Latvia: 15.6%; 3. Lithuania: 11.5%; 4. Germany: 7.7% ; Other: 36%
80% of all visitors to this site each week are new.
- 1627 Mercator: "LIVONIA" in two differently-colored versions (583KB, 546KB). The map was reissued by
Hondius in Amsterdam, in 1630 -- see the two 1630 images on the same page
- 1747 Barnickel, Homann studio: "DVCATVS CVRLANDIAE / juxta. Barnikelii Architecti Curici
primarii Geometricam Delineationem Geographica Tabula expressus studio Homannianorum
Heredum," Nuremberg, in a greatly-improved image (from 448KB to 6.4MB) which depicts borders at a
time when the duchy existed as a vassal state of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Thanks to the
improved image, you can now read, in the bottom left corner, the "Lord’s Prayer" written in Latvian
- 1752 Bowen: "A New and ACCURATE Map of POLAND, LITHUANIA &c..." (278KB), London.
Compare with the 1744 and 1747 versions
- c1793 "КАРТА...отб ПОЛЬШИ РОССIЕЮ...1793" (Map of recently-acquired Polish-Russian
areas) (1.4MB), all place-names in Cyrillic, from the "Atlas of the Russian Empire"
- 1808 Wilkinson: "POLAND" (5MB), London, from "A General Atlas, being A Collection of Maps of the World
And Quarters, the Principal Empires, Kingdoms &c. with their several Provinces & other Subdivisions,
Correctly Delineated." Compare with versions from 1810, 1814 and 1820
- 1818 Carey: "POLAND" (2.3MB), Philadelphia, from the third and last edition of "Carey's General Atlas,
Improved And Enlarged; Being A Collection Of Maps Of The World And Quarters, Their Principal Empires,
- (MapsEuropeOverTime) 1619 Mercator: "RVSSIA cum confinijs" (1MB), Amsterdam, from his "Atlas
Sive Cosmographia," showing quite a large area for a "Lithvania" separate from Poland compared with a
neighboring image: "Baltic Lands in 1617" from the 1903 "Atlas to Freeman's Historical Geography"
- (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795) "The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia" (Latin: Heinrici Cronicon Lyvoniae) is an
eyewitness account in Latin describing historic events in Livonia and surrounding areas from 1180 to 1227.
Written by a priest who may have been German or Latvian, it is the oldest known written document about the
history of this area. (An English translation is available from Columbia Univ Press/Amazon.) The two
historical maps below, one published in 1792, one in 1890, reference Henry:
- Friebe: "Livland nach der Eintheilung Heinrich des Letten und zu den Zeiten der Bischöffe
u. Ordensmeister bis 1562" (Livonia according to ... Henry of Livonia until the time of the
bishops and Grand Master of Holy Order until 1562) (9.3MB), Leipzig, Riga. The map includes
illustrations of Livonian residents in the 13th century, and was distributed both separately, published in
1792 by Hartknoch, and as part of the first Livonian atlas: “Der Atlas von Lieffland…” published by Mellin
- Siliņš: "Baltija, visvairāk Kurzeme un Vidzemes latviešu daļa Latviešu Indriķa laikā, 1200
un vēlāku līdz 1300 p.Kr. dz." (Baltic, mainly Kurland and part of Latvian Livonia at the
time of Henry of Livonia, 1200 and later, till 1300) (468KB), Riga. This map, issued in 1890, was
the first historical map of the Baltic issued in Latvian, and created by a Latvian cartographer. Two maps
and three castle mound plans are placed on one page, depicting coast lands of the Baltic Sea, with borders
of the time before creation of the Livonian Confederation in 1243. The map depicts castles of the German
Order and names of peoples populating this area in the 13th century
- (TopoMapsGerAus1891-1944) "Deutsche Heereskarte Großblatt" (German Army maps) at 1:100
000 of East Prussia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Belorussia SSR, published by "OKH/ General Staff of the
Army, Chief of War Maps and Surveying:"
- 1940 "Nr. 331 - Sejny" (Lith.: Seinai; Yid.: Synee) (12.3MB), the title town 17 miles east of Suwalki, in
today's Poland, in Suwalki guberniya before WWI. Nearby Lithuanian towns include Druskieniki
(Druskininkai) and Merkine (Merkinė)
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
by Aras Mileska
|View this site using Explorer or Firefox or Yahoo!/Bing at 100% for best results. Use Google Chrome,
and you may NOT see a full screen, you may NOT see correct colors for links, and text might overlap!
"Zoom" over 100%, and pages mess up. ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE
VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION OF THE SITE!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski) is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake (also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
Mire (although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig (Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous. (From Wikipedia)
|The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents © LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
|The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
|French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
|German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson. From WikiCommons