LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,324 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many in high definition; all in downloadable jpegs
  •     854 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     213 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     183 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      166 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      146 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       96 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        43 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •      43 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •      21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational
  •        Like the US Library of Congress, the New York Public Library, the Osher Map
    Library in Portland, Maine, the National Library of Finland, and mapywig.org in
    Poland, we encourage the downloading and sharing of high-definition jpeg map
    images; unlike many sites that prohibit downloading of high-definition map images,
    we are unafraid of the few who seek to profit from such images: either your site
    promotes education, or you restrict to protect -- exactly what?

January 19 adds: 20 maps; 7 improved images

Next update: January 26

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 23.4%; 2. Lithuania: 21.4%; 3. Latvia: 19.2%; 4. Russia: 8.0%; 5. Other: 28.0%

  • 1607 Mercator (mapmaker) - Hondius (engraver) - Janssonius (publisher): "Prussia" (2.9 MB),  
    Amsterdam, miniature from "Atlas minor Gerardi Mercatoris." During the preparation of the publication of
    Mercator's large Atlas, Hondius had the maps reduced for a smaller-sized atlas, one that would be handier and,
    above all, cheaper, so that a larger public might have access to the use of maps

  • 1608 Henneberger (original mapmaker) - Ortelius (editing mapmaker) - Hogenberg (engraver) - J.B.   
    Vrients (publisher): "Prussiӕ Vera Descriptio..." (3.3 MB), Antwerp, from "Theatro Del Mondo Di
    Abrahamo Ortelio," the first edition printed with Italian text. Ortelius' heirs sold a manuscript translation by
    Filippo Pigafetta to Vrients, who printed it

  • 1770-72 Glassbach (engraver) - von Pfau (publisher): 18 new maps and seven improved map images from   
    the set "Tabula Poloniӕ et Lituaniӕ Geographica minor" -- the cartouche title of the first, key, map,
    published in  Berlin. Following the key map is a suite of 24 full-page maps (from 750 KB to 3.2 MB). What
    would have been the first map of 25 is Baltic Sea, only, and so it was not included. The maps have been  
    dissected and mounted on linen. Map XXI is a cartouche titled "Regni Poloniӕ, Magni Ducatus Lituaniӕ
    Nova Mappa Geographica"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com