LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,452 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many in high definition; all in downloadable jpegs
  •     825 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     229 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     188 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      173 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      145 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     106 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       46 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •       16 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, August 6 - August 12: 8 maps; 7 detail images; 1 town view

Next update: August 19

See my new page: MapsLithuaniaMinor, wherein I will be placing all existing and future
map images focusing on that area.

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 40.7%; 2. Russia: 11.1%; 3.Ukraine: 8.2%; 4. Lithuania: 7.9%; 5. Other: 32.1%

  • 1734 [dated] Delisle (mapmaker) - Visscher (publisher) - Schenk and Ottens (printers): "La Pologne,
    Dressée sur ce qu´en ontdonné Starovolsk..." (7.3 MB), Amsterdam, in a plate, first published by    
    Delisle in 1702. This new version was published by Nicolaes Visscher for his "Atlas minor..."

  • 1823 Fielding Lucas Jr. (engraver/cartographer/publisher): "POLAND" (535 KB), Baltimore, from his "A
    General Atlas Containing Distinct Maps Of all the known Countries in the World." Note "New East Prussia,"
    "Kingdom of Poland," and "Lithuania, labeled over New East Prussia. Of course, New East Prussia existed only
    from 1795 - 1807. The Kingdom of Poland, known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815   
    by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state, connected by personal union with the Russian Empire until   
    1832, when Poland's constitution, army and legislative assembly were abolished

  • 1854 [dated] Meyer (publisher): "Russland: Gouv. St. Petersburg, Esthland, Liefland, Kurland"   
    (6.4 MB), Hildburghausen, with inset maps for St. Petersburg and Zarskoe --today's Tsarskoye Selo (Russian:
    Ца́рское Село́), 15 miles south of St. Petersburg, given in 1708 by Peter the Great to  his wife, the future
    Catherine I, whose influence made it a favorite town for Russian nobility. The map is from "Meyer's Zeitung
    Atlas No. 50," published by the company founded by Meyer in 1826: Bibliographischen Instituts

  • 1914 Flemming (publisher): "Karte von West-Kurland, Litauen und Ostpreußen, No. 25" (9.6 MB),
    Berlin, from "Flemmings Kriegskarten," a series of booklets and wall maps depicting WWI edited by Julius   
    Iwan Kettler

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • 1630 Mercator (mapmaker) - Van Den Keere (engraver) - Cloppenburgh (publisher): "Prussia"  (227
    KB), Amsterdam, from Cloppenburgh's "Atlas Minor," much rarer than the Mercator-Hondius "Atlas
    Minor." Note the changes in the cartouche lettering, and the lack of the "privilege" as compared with the
    1619 version. Mercator died in 1594

  • 1630 Mercator (mapmaker): "Accurata Prussiæ Descriptio" (3.6 MB), Amsterdam, with  
    Mercator's "privilege"

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795):
  • Schlicht (publisher): "Historisch-statistisch-geographische Darstellung des Koenigreichs
    Polen, 1770. 1773, 1793, 1795, 1807, 1815" (2.1 MB), Mannheim. Published -- and dated -- 1831.
    With detail images (172 KB, 202 KB) of the two statistical charts

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1913 Petermann (original geographer/engraver/mapmaker) - Langhans (cartographer, mapmaker of
    a reduced version of Petermann's map)) - Justus Perthes (publisher): "Handel und Industrie im
    Europaischen Russland“ (2.7 MB), Gotha, coded to illustrate trade and industry in European Russia.
    Five detail images give clarity to the area of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and to even the  
    smallest type in charts. Petermann's original map: "Commercial and Industrial Map of European Russia,"
    was based on statistical data for 1900 compiled by B. P. Semenov-Tian Shanski. Errors in this reduction:  
    1. the economic units north of Wyasniki (using the German transliteration) in region 21 and east of
    Sergatsch in region 30 are shown in green stippling,  which is not in the color key; 2. various units are left
    without color: regions 15, 28, 37 and 73; 3. lakes in the westernmost division of region 2 are
    colored instead of the correct white

  • (TownViewsK-M):
  • 1684 "Memel" (103 KB), as depicted in a woodblock print reproduced on a picture postcard mailed 1906
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel
Moreau.
From
WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
1619
Mercator
"PRVSSIA"
1630
Mercator
"Prussia"
c1855 Luigi Premazzi:
"Catherine Palace"
From arthermitage.org