Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,608 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     837 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     231 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     189 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      173 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      156 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      112 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        83 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        62 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        49 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, January 7 - 13: 13 maps; 1 detail image

Next update: January 20

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 57.1%; 2. Russia: 11.0%; 3. Ukraine: 5.6%; China: 5.8%; 5. Other: 20.5%

  • 1630 Gerritsz (engraver) - Blaeu (publisher): "Magni Dvcatvs LITHVANIAE..." (1.7 MB), Amsterdam,    
    in a new version with a blank verso, and no "Der Memel" label

  • c1650 Clüver (historical geographer/cartographer): "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniæ Magniq  
    Ducatus Lithuaniæ" (318 KB), from his "Introductionis in Universam Geographicum." The map was
    published in various sizes 1650 - c1750, and was likely engraved by Petrus Bertius

  • c1762 Seutter (geographer/mapmaker/publisher): "Novissima et accuratissima Magni Ducatus
    Lithuaniæ in suos Palatinaus et Castellanias divisae Delineatio..." (2.9 MB), Augsburg, in a new
    Third State version -- in that state by virtue of the presence of the "J.M. Probst" inscription under the top left
    frame line, noting Probst's purchase of half of Seutter's plates in 1762 from Seutter's widow. The other half of
    Seutter's plates and maps went to engraver Tobias Conrad Lotter, Seutter’s son-in-law

  • 1796 Carey (publisher) - Barker (engraver): "Poland, Shewing the Claims of Russia, Prussia &
    Austria, until  the late Depredations, the extent of which cannot as yet be ascertained" (1.2  
    MB), Philadelphia, depicting only the territorial losses of the First, 1772, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian
    Commonwealth. Engraved for "Carey's American Edition of Guthrie's Geography improved," the first general
    atlas published in the U.S.

  • 1796 Simon Schropp & Comp. (publisher): "Polen, Litauen und Kurland im Jahr 1796" (425 KB),   
    Berlin, in a new version from their "Cabinet de Geographie," depicting results of the three partitions. Also a
    detail image (156 KB) of the atlas's title page. The first image of this map was labeled "Anonymous," as the
    source did not know the publisher

  • 1812 Pinkerton (geographer/cartographer) - S & J Neele (engraver) - Cadell & Davies (publisher):   
    "Poland" (1.5 MB), Edinburgh, from "Pinkerton's Modern Atlas," published 1808 - 1815, with an American
    version by Dobson & Co. in 1818. Accurately depicts the boundaries of the unlabeled "Litva-Vilna" and "Litva-
    Grodno" guberniyas, which existed from 1801 - 1840. But the map's labeled "New East Prussia" existed only
    from 1795 - 1807, when all but Bialystok went to the Duchy of Warsaw, which the 1815 Congress of Poland   
    gave to "Congress Poland." The 1818 version on this site was reprinted still showing "New East Prussia"

  • (MapsLithInEurope):
  • 1804 [dated] Cary (engraver/cartographer/publisher): "A New Map of Europe, from the Latest
    Authorities" (1.4 MB), London, with novel boundaries and coloring for the former Polish-Lithuanian

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • 1806 [dated] Weimar Geographische Institut (publisher): "Charte von dem Königreiche Preuss en
    Ost-West-Süd-und Neu-Ost-Preußen" (741 KB), Weimar

  • c1810 von Schrötter (Prussian minister sponsoring the map) - Jäck (artist/engraver): "Karte von    
    Alt-Preussen enthaltend Ost-Preusen nebst Preussisch Lithauen...1796 bis 1802" Berlin, in
    five individual maps in greater detail (from 2 MB to 3.6 MB) than the existing 1803 first edition images
    which were part of a composite map
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: