Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,898 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     751 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     611 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     241 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     195 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      178 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      172 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      127 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      101 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, November 11 - December 8: 10 maps; 2 improved map images; 1 new resource:

Next update: December 15

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
USA: 55.3%; 2. Russia: 12.6%; 3. Latvia: 6.5%; 4. Ukraine: 5.2%; 5. Other: 20.4%

  • c. 1658 Bucelin (Swiss genealogist/mapmaker): "LITHUANIA Obiter Adumbrata" (174 KB), Ulm, in a
    new image from the first edition of "Praecipuarum Universi Terrarum Orbis." Historians criticized the map as
    uninformative (no Vilnius, Trakai, Kaunas, etc.) and as an imprecise copy of Ortelius' or Jansonius’ maps.
    Created to illustrate the expansion of Protestantism in Lithuania. Published six times between 1650 and 1678

  • c. 1728 Seutter (geographer/publisher): "Poloniæ Regnum ut et Magni Ducatus Lithuaniæ" (9.8  
    MB), Augsburg, in a new image of the second state, which has letters as well as numbers in the border scales

  • c. 1740 Seutter (geographer/publisher): "Poloniæ Regnum ut et  Magni Ducatus Lithuaniæ" (9.6
    MB), Augsburg, in the third state, which has additional verbiage not only as the last line of the cartouche:
    "SAC.    CNS. MAJ. GEOGR. AUG." but also an additional two lines of verbiage under the cartouche

  • 1781 [dated] Rizzi-Zannoni (geographer/cartographer) - Zuliani (map engraver) - Pitteri (script engraver)    
    - Zatta (publisher): "Li   Palatinati di Wilna, Troki, Inflant, coi Ducati di Kurlandia, e Smudz... "
    Venice,   in an improved image (from 2.8  to 3.9 MB) from Rizzi-Zannoni's four-volume "Atlante polacco"  
    (Atlas of Poland)

  • 1782 [dated] Rizzi-Zannoni (geographer/cartographer) - Zuliani (map engraver) - Pitteri (script engraver)    
    - Zatta (publisher): "Ducati di Livonia, e di Estonia, e Governi di Nowogorod, Bielogorod, e
    Kiowia..," Venice, in a greatly-improved image (from 233 KB to 4.3 MB) from "Atlante polacco," that has
    enabled me to delete six detail images

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • 1125 von Spruner (as he preferred: his name was actually Karl Spruner von Merz; cartographer) -
    Justus Perthes (publisher): "Volker und Reiche der Slaven zwischen Elbe und Don bis 1125,
    Nordische Reiche No. IV" (Peoples and empires of the Slavs between the Elbe and Don
    rivers until 1125, Nordic Empires) (2.5 MB), Gotha, London, from the 1855 "Historisch-
    geographischer Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten Europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die
    neueste Zeit," published 1854-63. The map beside it on the page is No. V, "Polen und Litthauen von    
    1125 bis  zu ihrer Vereinigung [union] 1386," from the same atlas. But note the differences in boundaries
    and labeling between the two depictions of the Lithuanian area: "Littuania - Lietwa" on the "Slaven"  
    map;  "M D Lithuanie" on the "Polen und Litthauen" map

  • A set of five high-definition maps of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth were anonymously created   
    and published in Germany, I believe, sometime after the 1815 Congress of Vienna, and subsequently
    dissected and linen-backed as pocket maps. I have inspected each of these at the New York Public
    Library, and there was no information on either the fronts or backs as to their creator, publisher, or date
    of publication. Online searches reveal the presence of these maps in collections, but with no information
    about them other than their size, and dated by the date depicted, as if the "im Jahr 1775" map was the
    date of publication. If any of  the visitors to this site can enlighten me about them, I would be grateful
  • "Polen Litauen und Kurland" (9.7 MB) -- before the Partitions, with an unfinished cartouche
  • "Polen Litauen und Kurland im Jahr 1775" (9.6 MB) -- after the 1772 Partition
  • "Polen Litauen und Kurland im Jahr 1793" (9.6 MB) -- after the 1793 Partition

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795):
  • "Polen Litauen and Kurland im Jahr 1796" (9.6 MB) -- after the 1795 Partition
  • [post 1815] "Polen Litauen and Kurland im Jahr" (9.3 MB) -- with an unfinished cartouche

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • 1547 [dated 1841] Meissas (geographer) - Michelot (bookseller) - Dumortier (engraver) - Hachette
    (publisher): "Europe vers 1547, la mort de Francois 1er" (1.4 MB), Paris. Francis I was King of
    France from 1515 until his death in 1547. That's before the 1569 Treaty of Lublin, creating the Polish-
    Lithuanian Commonwealth, yet this map has "Lithuanie" -- with no boundaries -- within the boundaries  
    of "Pologne"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: