Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,540 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     846 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     231 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     188 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      173 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      153 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      110 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •        50 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        47 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, November 5 - 11: 12 maps; 7 detail images

Next update: November 25

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 47.1%; 2. Russia: 9.7%; 3. Ukraine: 8.8%; 4. Latvia: 6.8%; 5. Other: 27.6%

  • 1812 "Carte de la Russie Européenne en LXXVII feuilles
    exécutée au Depôt general de la Guerre" (449 KB), ordered by Napoleon in preparation for his invasion of
    Russia. Source of the map? My friends at think it may be "Подробная карта
    Российской империи и близлежащих заграничных владений" (Detailed map of the Russian Empire and
    neighboring foreign holdings) published 1797-1805
  • "A4" (486 KB) depicting the area of today's Estonia and the southern coast of Finland

  • "A5" (534 KB) depicting the area of today's Latvia

  • "A6" (693 KB) depicting the area of today's Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast
  • A detail of A6 (360 KB) depicting the area between "Kovno" and "Vilna"

  • "A7" (653 KB) depicting the area of today's eastern Poland and western Belarus
  • A detail of A7 (3.5 MB) depicting the area from "Ghrodno" (Гродна) to "Novoghrodek"
    (Навагрудак) and "Nesvij" (Нясві́ж)

  • Detail images of the cartouche and map key (shown left)

  • 1813 [dated] Bonne (original mapmaker) - Hérisson (pupil of Bonne/geographer): "Carte routière de la
    Pologne , de la Lithuanie , de la Prusse et d'une très grande partie de la Russie d'Europe... où
    l'on peut suivre la marche des armées françaises..." (Road map of Poland, Lithuania, Prussia
    and a large part of European Russia ... where you can follow the march of the French
    armies...) (501 KB), Paris, along with detail images of the cartouche (365 KB) and of the historic Lithuanian
    area (2.0 MB)

  • (MapsEthnographic): Belarusian linguist/ethnographer Яўхім Фёдаравіч Карскі (Yefim Fyodorovich  
    Karskiy)published a map, in Warsaw, in 1903, delineating Belarusian boundaries. It became the basis for two
    later maps:
  • 1903 "Этнографическая карта бѣлоруcского племени" (Ethnographic Map of the
    Belarusian peoples) (9.3 MB), Warsaw

  • [Undated] Этнографическая карта бѣлоруcского племени" (Ethnographic Map of the
    Belarusian peoples)(435 KB), adding shading for degrees of density

  • 2010 Kazimier Lachnovič "межы расьсяленьня беларусаў" (Belarusian Borders) (595 KB),
    added 1919 boundaries by ethnographer/historian Мітрафан Віктаравіч Доўнар-Запольскі (Mitrofan
    Viktorovich Dovnar-Zapol'skiy) and contemporary Belarus boundaries

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • 1745 Reinier (publisher) & Joshua (engraver) Ottens: "Regni Borussiae Secundum Observa-
    tiones Novissima, Acuratissima Descriptio." (2.9 MB), Amsterdam, in the first state, from "Atlas
    sive Geographia compendiosa..." With an inset map of "Koningsberg"

  • 1749 [dated 1748] D. Robert de Vaugondy (mapmaker/publisher): "Royaume de Prusse et Prusse
    Rle. ou Polonoise" (318 KB), Paris, from his "Atlas Portatif, Universel et Militaire..."

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1681 Sir J. Moore (cartographer) - Moll (engraver) - Scott (publisher): "Moscovia" (588 KB),   
    London, from "A New Geography..." Included are "Curlande," "Lithuanie," "Vilne," and part of "Polonia."
    1681 was the year Herman Moll first started engraving maps
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
1812 Detail: "Carte
de la Russie..."

Bibliothèque nationale
de France