Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,808 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     794 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     603 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     228 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     191 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      175 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      164 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      127 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      100 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        64 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, August 12 - 18: 13 new maps

Next update: August 25

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
USA: 55.7%; 2. Russia: 10.3%; 3. China: 9.0%; 4. Latvia: 4.6%; 5. Other: 20.4%

  • 1733 J.G. Schreiber (engraver/geographer/publisher): "Reise Charte durch das Königreich Polen:   
    mit allen darzu gehörigen Laendern / verfertiget von J[ohann] G[eorg] Schreibern in Leipzig"
    (7.2 MB), Leipzig, from his "Atlas Minor." Compare with the 1730 and 1749 versions

  • 1740 Schenk Family (engravers/publishers): "Estats de Pologne..." (9.4 MB), Amsterdam, based on
    Sanson's maps, which they had been given charter in 1695 to republish

  • 1860 [dated] Herkner (geographer): "Mapa Królestwa Polskiego" (9.4 MB), Warsaw. Insets show
    population by guberniya and powiat, or county, the equivalent of the Russian "uyezd." Also shows roads by   
    type and railways. In February 1851 the Russian government decided to build a St. Petersburg–Warsaw  
    railway line with a length of approximately 1,250 kilometers/777 miles, in the Russian narrow gauge, because    
    of fear of making it easy for Germany to invade Russia. (Indeed, in World War I, the Prussian advance into
    Lithuania was stymied by their inability to supply troops using railways!) Construction of the line was   
    completed in 1862. The first section of the railway, between Saint Petersburg and Gatchina /Га́тчина, was
    completed in 1853. In May 1859 construction started along the Daugavpils–Vilnius–Lentvaris–Kaunas–
    Kybartai route. The first train from Daugavpils arrived in Vilnius on September 16,1860. In 1861, this branch
    was completed to the Prussian border. Construction of the section from Lentvaris to Warsaw was completed
    December 15, 1862. Railway commentary thanks to wikipedia

    Geographic Atlas with Gazetteer and Explanatory Text), edited by Wacław Nałkowski and Andrzej
    Świętochowski. No labels for guberniyas, but labels for "Żmudź," "Samogitia," "Kurlandya," and "Semigalia"

  • (TopoMapsPolish19thCent): c. 1864 updates to the 1843 maps of Augustów guberniya (which existed as  
    part of "Congress Poland" from 1837 to 1867) uploaded last week. Biggest change: Cyrillic script, in addition to  
    Polish, on the index map. Why the change? Russification in Congress Poland intensified after the November
    Uprising of 1831, and in particular after the January Uprising of 1863

  • "Топографическая Карта Царства Польского KARTA ZBIOROWA (Index to
    topographic maps of the Kingdom of Poland) (6.7 MB)

  • "Kol. VI, Sek. I - Nieman" (9.9 MB). Named for the Nemunas River

  • "Kol. VI, Sek. II - Maryampol" (9.4 MB). Today's Marijampolė, Lithuania

  • "Kol. VI, Sek. III - Suwalki" (8.8 MB). Today's Suwałki, Poland

  • "Kol. VI, Sek. IV - Augustow" (9.8 MB). Today's Augustów, Poland

  • "Kol. VII, Sek. I - Kowno" (5.1 MB). Today's Kaunas, Lithuania, straddles the Nemunas, but from    
    1837-67,  the southern and western shores of the Nemunas were the northern and eastern boundary of
    Augustów guberniya

  • "Kol. VII, Sek. II - Preny - Olitta" (9.3 MB). Today's Prienai and Alytus, Lithuania

  • "Kol. VII, Sek. III - Sereje" (9.3 MB). Today's Seirijai, Lithuania

  • "Kol. VII, Sek. IV - Grodno" (9.3 MB). Today's Гродна/Hrodna, Belarus
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
c. 1864: Detail:
"Топографическая Карта
Царства Польского