LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,096 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     830 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     512 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     207 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      174 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       162 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      141 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       73 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1929, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        42 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       37 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

May 12 adds: 9 maps; the text of a complete 1906 book on immigration, one describing Lithuanians,
Latvians, Poles and "Hebrews" as Slavs in often unflattering detail


Next update: May 26

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 30.4%; 2. Latvia 19.6%; Lithuania: 17.5%; 4. Russia: 6.4%; 5. Other: 26.1%

  • 1598 Marchetti (publisher): "LIVONIÆ NOVA DESCRIPTIO IOANNE PORTANTIO AUCTORE"     
    (155 KB), Brescia and Venice, on a printed page with Italian text, in an uncolored version from his "Il Theatro
    del Mondo," the second pocket atlas based on Ortelius' folio "Theatrum." It is often referred to as the  
    plagiarized version of the "Epitome," because the plates are closely copied from those of Philip Galle's 1593
    Italian edition, authorized by Ortelius. This map gives appropriate credit to Jan Portant, and his 1573  map of
    Livonia. He, in turn, may have based his map on earlier -- and lost -- maps by Caspar Henneberger. Note that
    "Lithvaniae Pars" is delineated as being east of "Duneberg"

  • 1720 J.B. Homann (engraver/geographer/publisher): "DVCATVVM LIVONIE et CVRLANDIÆ cum
    vicinis Insulis Nova Exhibitio Geographica" (0.9 MB), Amsterdam, in a sixth version. Compare with
    1730 versions, which have "Cum Privilegio S.C.M." in the cartouche

  • 1760 Jeffreys (engraver/geographer/publisher): "Poland Lithuania and Prussia," which he originally
    engraved for the first, 1749, edition of "A new geographical and historical grammar..." by historian Thomas
    Salmon. Commonly said to have gone through 14 editions, my own research shows that there were at least 21
    separate editions, the last in 1785. The only changes in that plate over 36 years were to the cartouche, which I
    believe exists in four types, A, B, C, and D. Illustrations of each type, and the complete publishing history of    
    the map, are on the page "MapmakersG-L." Here are the first three images of the 1760 version of the map,
    shown in two versions of the cartouche:
  • Map with the Type "A" cartouche (223 KB), from the London 7th edition: “The new geographical and  
    historical grammar...”
  • Two maps with the Type "C" cartouche, Dublin 9th edition: "A new geographical and historical
    grammar..." in colored (224 KB) and uncolored (1.3 MB) versions

  • 1784 (dated 1782) Robert de Vaugondy (mapmaker/publisher): "POLOGNE" (397 KB), Lyon, in an eighth   
    different version, colored only on the frame, with the label "GRAND D DE LITUANIE" over just a few of its
    districts, and, as usual for this series, not updated with post-First, 1772, Partition boundary changes, as the
    Robert de Vaugondys allowed their maps to be licensed by others

  • c1786-88 Keizer (original engraver) - de Lat (original Deventer publisher) - N.T. Gravius (Amsterdam
    publisher): "t'Koninkryk Polen..," (829 KB) in a second version. Keizer and de Lat created the original plate
    as part of their miniature atlas publishing company in Deventer, which lasted until 1747.  Gravius acquired and
    reissued this outdated plate for his "Nieuwe Natuur- Geschied- en Handelkundige Zak- en Reis-Atlas" (New
    physical, historical and political trade-pocket and travel atlas)

  • 1886 Graef (cartographer): "Die Preussischen Provinzen Preussen und Posen und das Königreich
    Polen" (9.6 MB), Weimar, from "Grosser Hand-Atlas des Himmels und der Erde" (Great Hand-Atlas of
    Heaven and  Earth), published by the Geographisches Institut. Includes "Rossieny," "Wilkomir," "Kowno," and
    "Grodno"

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1879 Reclus (geographer/writer/anarchist/nudist): "Peuples de l’Europe Orientale" (5.5 MB),
    Paris, from “Nouvelle Géographie Universelle. La Terre et les Hommes,” published 1875-94 by Hachette.
    Under the category "Aryens divers" are "Lithuaniens," "Letts," "Tsiganes" (Roma) and "Grecs"

  • 1906 Grose (Protestant evangelist): "Races of Immigrants, Fiscal Year 1905" (3.4 MB), Dayton,
    Ohio,  from "Aliens or Americans? " published by the Home Missionary Society of the United Brethern
    Church. Lithuanians, Letts  and "Hebrews" are categorized as Slavs. Some of the many things Mr. Grose
    says about Lithuanians: "Though nearly all raised on farms, they do not take to farming here, nor do
    they like open air work, preferring the mines, factories, foundries, and closed shops. In the cities many
    of them are tailors, and many are found in packing-houses, steel plants, hat and shoe factories, and
    mills. Their chief curse is intemperance, and they are not of strong character, having little of the   
    quality of leadership. Generally they are devout Roman Catholics; when not they are apt to become
    freethinkers, and a freethinkers' alliance has been formed among them. They are described as
    commonly peaceable, well dressed, and good-natured. Their children are mostly in public schools." A
    link to his complete book is at the commentary to this map on this site
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com