Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,425 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many in high definition; all in downloadable jpegs
  •     823 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     228 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     187 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      171 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      149 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     103 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       46 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, June 23 - July 6: 8 maps

Next update: July 22

plan to create a new page: "MapsEastPrussia/LithMinor" wherein I will place all
existing and future map images focusing on that area.

I also will be reverting to weekly updates on Fridays!

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 32.8%; 2. Lithuania: 15.0%; 3. Latvia: 11.6%; 4. Russia: 8.2%; 5. Other: 32.4%

  • c1684-87 Danckerts Family (engravers/publishers): "Ducatuum Livoniæ et Curlandiæ Novissima
    Tabula in Quibus sunt Estonia Litlandia...cum Privilegio Ord: Hollandiæ et West-Friesiæ."  
    (5.4 MB), Amsterdam, in an uncolored version. The map appeared in a Danckerts atlas as late as 1698

  • Cornelis Danckerts (engraver/publisher): "Regni Poloniæ et Ducatus Lithuaniæ    Voliniæ, Podoliæ
    Ucraniæ Prussiæ et Curlandiæ," Amsterdam in three versions:
  • 1697 - 1700 (9.3 MB)
  • 1697 - 1700 (600 KB)
  • 1706-10 (737 KB)     
    But which Cornelis was given credit in the cartouche? Who knows. Cornelis III (1664-1717) was a
    grandson of Cornelis the Elder (1603-56), founder of the Danckerts firm of engravers and publishers.   
    The actual engravers, let alone the date of publication, was rarely engraved on the plate. In 1684, the
    family received a 15-year privilege to protect their maps, so maps without the "privilege" had to have
    been published before then. The family firm lasted until 1726, when their stock and plates were sold at
    auction to Ottens and Van Keulen, among others. See the 1726 and later Ottens versions with a slightly
    altered cartouche

  • 1705 Sanson (cartographer) - de Winter (engraver): "De Staten van de Kroon Poolen" (300 KB),
    Amsterdam , in a new version from Francois Halma's Dutch edition of A. Pherotee de la Croix's "Nouvelle
    Methode Pour Apprendre facilement la Geographie Universelle." Sanson's small maps from his L'Afrique en
    Plusierus Cartes..," first published 1656 and engraved by A. Peyrounin, were copied several times by various
    publishers. Johann David Zunners made copies of Sanson's maps for his German translation of Die Gantze     
    Erd-Kugel in 1679. Johannes Ribbius and Simon de Vries published copies in 1682 and 1683 with new maps
    engraved by Antoine d'Winter. The plates were later sold to Francois Halma, who used them in 1699 and then
    again in 1705 with the titles re-engraved in Dutch. The titles on the d'Winter plates were re-engraved back   
    into French, and then used by Nicholas Chemereau in 1715 and by Henri du Sauzet in 1738. (Commentary   

  • 1705 [dated] Schenk (engraver/cartographer): "Friderico Augusto, vere Augusto, Polon. Lithuan.
    Borus. Pomer., Regi. Duci. Principi., Saxon. Utr. Duci. S. Imp. Elect., Haec. Imperii. Sui.  
    Regna." (Poland at the time of Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony)
    (6.5 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version after Nicolas Sanson d'Abbeville

  • 1716 J.B. Homann (cartographer): "Regnum Borussiæ" (4.5 MB), Nuremberg, in a new version from  
    "Atlas Novus Terrarum Orbis Imperia Regna et Status Exactis Fabulis Geographice Demonstrans." The
    elaborate cartouche commemorates the 1701 Königsberg "self-coronation" of Frederick II, Duke of Prussia,
    whereupon he took the name Frederick III. He did so with the Emperor's consent, and with approval from
    Augustus II the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland. But the Polish-Lithuanian Diet (Sejm) objected,
    and considered the coronation illegal. Deferring to the region's historic ties to the Polish crown, Frederick made
    the symbolic concession of calling himself "King in Prussia" instead of "King of Prussia"

  • c1793-94 [dated 1781] van Jagen (cartographer/engraver) - Covens & Mortier & Covens junior (publisher):
    "Carte Generale & Itineraire de   la Pologne avec les Pais qui y apartenoient ci-devant" (3.0  
    MB), Amsterdam, in the second state,   with a paste-down addition on the top right depicting the results of the
    Second, 1793, Partition. See the 1781 first state
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: