Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European
countries -- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad
Oblast, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
My focus here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the
Kaliningrad Oblast,and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here
of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,294 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     597 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     174 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     147 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     140 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •        83 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •        18 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

December 19 adds: 10 maps; 13 detail images; 1 town view

NEXT UPDATE: December 26

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 22.3%; 2. Latvia: 16.1%; 3. Lithuania: 11.9%; 4. Germany: 9.9%; Other: 39.8%
75% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, 7 1/2 minutes

  • c1640 Merian (draftsman/engraver/pubisher): "Livonia vulgo Lyefland" (2.3 MB), Frankfurt, from his
    edition of Blaeu's map

  • 1719 Senex (surveyor/engraver/publisher): "POLAND and other of the Countries belonging to that
    Crowne, Accordingto the Neweft Obfervations" (.93 MB), London, in a third example of the 2nd edition
    of this map, originally published by Morden & Browne in 1710. The map is "Most humbly Inscribd to The Hon.
    ble Collonel Charles Cathcart, Groom of the Bed Chamber to His Royal Highness the Prince"

  • 1742 Cowley (engineer/geographer royal): "A Map of POLAND, Prussia and Courland" (340 KB),
    London. Also a detail image of Lithuania within Poland

  • 1862 (Anon.) Карта европейской России и Кавказского края (Map of European Russia and
    Caucasus) at 1:1 680 000, in two sheets out of 12, all notations in Cyrillic:
  • "IV. Санкт Петербург - Гельсингфорс - Ревель - Рига - Вильно - Стокгольм (St.
    Petersburg - Helsingfors [Helsinki] - Revel [Talinn] - Riga - Vilno - Stockholm)" (14.3MB)
  • "VII. Варшава - Киев (Warsaw - Kiev)" (13.2 MB), showing Grodno, Lida, Minsk, Mogilev, and
    future western Ukraine and Moldova

  • 1915 (Anon.): "Postleitkarte (Postcode map) Königsberg pr. Gumbinnen" (255 KB), Berlin, with 11
    detail images of the legends and the Memel/Klaipėda area, showing post offices and railways by type

  • 1939 (Anon.): "POLEN (Nach einer polnische unterlage)" (Poland, After a Polish source) (8.5
    MB) in a classified German military creation with topographic detail at 1:1 000 000, with all Polish towns in
    Polish, Lithuanian towns in Lithuanian and Polish, and the Memel area back in East Prussia. It has been
    overprinted with new, April 4, 1938, borders between Czechoslovakia and Poland -- printed a few
    months before the invasion of Poland

  • (MapsEthographic):
  • 1861 A. Koreva (officer): "Этнографическаякарта ВИЛЕНСОЙ ГУБЕРНIИ"  (Ethnograph-
    ic Map, Vilna guberniya) (1.5 MB). "Slavs" (described here in terms that would fall out of use in
    favor of "Belarusians"), are three shades of pink: "Белорусы"  (White Russian - originally, those from
    eastern Muscovy, Polotsk and Novgorod) are indicated by pink horizontal lines; "Кривичи́" (Krivichi -
    originally, an ancient eastern Slavic tribe, centered in Polotsk); and "Чернорусы" (Black Russians -
    originally, those from Pskov and western Muscovy). The two other ethnic groups depicted are
    Lithuanians, in yellow, who occupy the entire area around "Vilno," and Tatars, in a few pockets within the
    Lithuanian area

  • 1914 C. Jankowski (Polish poet/critic/ journalist /historian/social activist): "POLSKA ETNOGRAF-
    ICZNA"(383 KB), Warsaw, with boundaries basically following Orgelbrand's from 1912, with no inclusion
    of present-day Lithuanian or Belarusian land, including Vilnius. From 1907 onwards, Jankowski was editor
    of the Wileńskiego Głosu Polskiego (Voice of Vilnius Polish)

  • c1916-17 L. Dury (editor, Polish Bureau of Social Work): "Mapa rozsiedlenia ludności polskiej z
    uwzględnieniem spisów z 1916 roku. Odsetek ludności polskiej w powiatach" (Map of
    percent of Polish nationals, according to the [March] 1916 German occupation census)
    (8.1 MB), Warsaw. Also a detail map of the Lithuanian area (6.3 MB). Solid red on this map = 50%+  
    Poles; horizontal red lines: 31-50%; cross-hatch: 20-30%; diagonal lines: 5-19%. Interesting, except the
    German census did not include eastern Belarus -- or Latgale, where this maps says Poles comprise 5-19%.
    That's as believable as a labeled 25% Poles in "Kowno" and parts north. What did the 1897 Russian census
    say, where they based ethnicity on primary language spoken (and, no  doubt, there was pressure to say
    "Russian"), rather than the question on the German census, which was, essentially: "From what tribe is
    your family?" Using German names for the gubernias, Wilno was 8.2% Polish, 17.2 % Lithuanian, and  
    61.1% Russian; Kowno was 9% Polish, 66% Lithuanian, 7.3% Russian; Kurland was 2.9% Polish, 2.7%
    Lithuanian, 75.1% Latvian, and 5.7% Russian; Livland was 1.2% Polish, 0.5% Lithuanian, 43.4% Latvian,
    39.9% Estonian, and 5.4% Russian. Some sources, like Foreign Affairs magazine from 1923, say all those
    censuses should be discounted

  • (TownViewsM): c1578 Münster: "Die Statt Riga" (587 KB), Basle, from a German edition of his
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery