Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,518 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     832 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     229 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     188 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      173 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      149 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     108 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •       60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •       47 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       42 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, September 30 - October 14: 8 maps; 2 improved images

Next update: November 4 -- so that I can focus on writing Part 5 of "The Maps and Mapmakers    
that Helped Define 20th-Century Lithuanian Boundaries: Ethnographic Maps"

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 47.1%; 2. Russia: 9.9%; 3. Ukraine: 8.3%; 4. Latvia: 6.5%%; 5. Other: 28.2%

  • "MAGNI DVCATVS LITHVANIAE..." is an important wall map whose first edition, now presumed lost, was
    prepared before 1604 by Tomasz Makowski from survey drafts prepared by historian/geographer Maciej
    Strubicz under instructions of Prince Nicolas Christophe Radziwill (Lithuanian: Mikalojus Kristupas Radvila).
    The second plate of this map, dated 1613 in the second cartouche, and not included in an atlas until 1630, was
    engraved by Hessel Gerritsz and published by Willem Blaeu under his imprint Guilhelmus Janssoni. You may
    think the examples published at different dates are all alike, but there are some subtle differences. One  
    recently was brought to my attention by my good friend Audrius at : on the earliest versions  
    of the map, Memel (Klaipėda), part of the Duchy of Prussia at the time of the map's creation, was indicated by   
    a tiny cityscape, curiously unlabeled, although it was a major port on the Baltic. It appears that  that omission
    was an error, corrected on the plate in later editions. But not so fast: the 1638 - 50 Hondius versions of the   
    map do not label Memel, while the c1638 Merian versions, with north on the right, do have "Der Memel," as    
    do the similarly-oriented 1648 Blaeus. The claimed 1645 Blaeu version, with north at the top, omits a Memel
    label, and it may be the latest example of an uncorrected plate print. This week's adds:
  • 1634-49 (4.4 MB), in an example omitting a label for Memel
  • 1634 (4.4 MB), with the label "Der Memel"
  • 1635 (2.1 MB), with the label "Der Memel"
  • 1660 in a greatly-improved image (from 148 KB to 8.8 MB) of a version with "Der Memel" published by  
    Joannes Klencke into a giant atlas (176 x 231 cm when open) presented to Charles II, King of Scotland
    from 1649 until he was deposed in 1651, and King of England, Scotland and Ireland upon the restoration  
    of the monarchy in 1660 until his death in 1685

  • 1665 Blaeu (publisher): "LIVONIA Vulgo Lyefland" (5.7 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version from "Atlas
    Maior, Sive Cosmographia Blauiana," Volume 2 of 11. Published in French, Dutch, German, and Spanish, and
    considered by many to be the greatest atlas ever published, both in its own time and today

  • 1680 [dated] Sanson (original cartographer) - Blome (publisher): "A Mapp of Palanates of the Crowne   
    of Poland where are the Kingdom of Poland withits Palatinates the Dutches of Russia-noire,
    Cujavia, Mozovia, Prussia, Lithuania, Volhynia, Podolia &c." (4.3 MB), London. To finance his maps,
    Blome took subscribers in exchange for a promise to add their coat of arms to the maps. In later editions, if the
    renewal fee was not paid, Blome added a different subscriber's coat of arms, leading to multiple images on
    various editions of the same map. See the 1669 edition for a slightly different title and a different dedication

  • (MapsEthnographic): A big "Thank You" to Tomas Nenartovic, whose article on this site led me to ask him for
    images of the maps, which he kindly provided. This week's uploads:
  • 1838 Grosselin (historian/geographer/linguist) - A. Delamarche (publisher): "Carte Ethnogra-
    phique de L'EUROPE" (3.7 MB), Paris, from "Atlas de géographie physique, politique et historique."
    Note the single color for "Lithuaniens," "Coures," and Lotwanes," past the "Vilna" region to "Grodno"

  • 1861 A. Koreva: "Этнографическая карта, ВИЛЕНСОЙ ГУБЕРНIИ" (Ethnographic Map,  
    Vilna guberniya), St. Petersburg, in an improved image (from 1.5 MB to 2.7 MB) Slavs  (future
    Belarusians) are three shades of pink: "Белорусы" (White Russian -- originally, those from eastern
    Muscovy, Polotsk and Novgorod): pink horizontal lines; "Кривичи" (originally, an eastern  Slavic tribe,
    centered in Polotsk); "Чернорусы" (Black Russians -- originally, those from Pskov and western
    Muscovy). The two other ethnic groups are Lithuanians, in yellow, who occupy all the area around  
    "Vilno," and Tatars, in a few pockets within the Lithuanian area

  • 1865 Kojalovič (Russian historian): "Carte ethnographique de la Russie occidentale et des   
    pays limitrophes en Pologne et en Galicie" (8.1 MB), St. Petersburg. Note "Lithuaniens"  
    extending well past "Vilna," except for small pockets of "Polonaise"

  • 1874 [dated] Mirkovič (military officer): "Этнографическая карта славянского
    фолькершафта из первого издания от 1867 года М. Ф. Мирковича" (Ethnographic  
    map of Slavic ethnic groups in 1867), St. Petersburg. Shown on this page: details of 19th century
    maps depicting the Vilnius area -- and beyond -- as composed of Lithuanian speakers. Also see the map
    depicting the 1897 Imperial Russian census, by primary langguage spoken in the household
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
1613 map:
no label for Memel
1635 map with
"Der Memel"
Delamarche Atlas
1897 Russian
Census results