Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,950 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     732 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     611 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     254 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     199 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      179 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      174 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      130 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      105 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        50 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, January 27 - February 2:
  • 12 maps, 10 of which are "New to this site"
  • 1 greatly-improved image of an existing map

Next update: February 23

re do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 55.1%; 2. Russia: 12.6%; 3. Latvia: 6.9%; 4. Belarus: 4.6%; 5. Other: 20.8%

  • 1690 Janssonius, Moses Pitt (publishers): "NOVA TOTIVS LIVONIÆ accurata Descriptio." (954 KB),
    Oxford, in a new version from Pitt's "The English Atlas." See the 1640 versions

  • 1695 Moll (engraver/mapmaker) - Timothy Childe (publisher): "The Kingdome of Poland with its
    Confines," London, in a greatly-improved image (from 141 KB to 2.2 MB) from the first, English, edition of
    "Thesaurus geographicus..."

  • New to this site: 1764 J. M. Franz (cartographer) - Homann Heirs (publisher): "Polen und Preussen"
    (671 KB), Nürnberg, from "Allgemeine Abbildung des Erdbodens..." (General depiction of the Earth...),
    published three years after J.M. Franz's death. J.M. was a co-founder of Homann Heirs, but sold his shares in
    1759 to his brother J.H. Franz, who then became the firm's Director

  • New to this site: 1793 [dated] Schræmbl (cartographer): "Generalkarte von Polen, Litauen, und   
    den Angraenzenden Landern" (16.8 MB), Vienna, in the 1788 map updated to show results of the Second,
    1793, Partition

  • 1798 [dated] Count Mellin - (mapmaker) - Bertin (engraver) - Hartknoch (publisher): "Liefland oder die
    beyden Herzogthümer und General Gouvernementer Lief und Ehstland nebst der Provinz
    Œsel" (9.4 MB), Riga, in a new version of a map included as a review map in Mellin's "Atlas von Liefland..,"  
    the first complete atlas of what would become Estonia and Latvia. On a visit to Riga in 1782, Crown Prince Paul
    of Russia reportedly asked to see a map showing the location of the Livonian division of the Russian Army.
    When it turned out that no such map existed, Mellin, then a young officer in the army trained in technical
    drawing, was asked to draw one. Having become interested in maps in this way, Mellin undertook what   
    became a 28-year effort to produce this atlas. Mellin used the maps of the Russian Academy of Sciences and
    military topographers, but mostly relied on manor house maps. Mellin’s maps were issued by a Riga   
    bookseller, but were engraved abroad, so that at one point he was accused of revealing state secrets and
    arrested. In 1798, Tsar Paul I issued an order stopping the sale of the maps and ordering the return of copies   
    in private possession. Commentary from World Digital

  • New to this site: c. 1867 Friedrich H. Handtke (mapmaker) - Carl Flemming (publisher): "Westliches
    Russland" (14.1 MB), Glogau (today's Głogów, Poland). A bit of detective work enabled me to date this
    undated map: Warsaw governorate was an administrative unit of Congress Poland created 1844. In 1867 it   
    was  divided into three smaller governorates: a smaller Warsaw governorate, Piotrków governorate and a
    recreated Kalisz governorate. A table on the map lists all three, which means the map depicts western Russia  
    no earlier than 1867

  • New to this site: 1919 Heyde (geographer) - Gea Verlag (publisher): “Gea-Eisenbahnkarte von
    Osteuropa” (8.8 MB), Berlin, depicting railway lines on a map including boundaries “von Litauen
    beansprucht” (claimed by Lithuania) -- specifically, Suvalkų kraštas, which, despite always having had a
    majority of Lithuanian speakers, had been part of Congress Poland for a hundred years

  • New to this site: 1944 [dated] Haack (map/atlas editor) - Justus Perthes (publisher): "Westrußland"
    (6.8 MB), Gotha, from the very last Steilers Hand-Atlas, printed in April or May 1945, just before the end of
    the war in Europe. Not only a very rare map, but with an unusual provisional eastern boundary for Lithuania

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • New to this site: 1918 Cvijić (Serbian geographer/ethnologist)) - Service Geographique de l'Arme
    (French Army Geographic Service - mapmaker): "Riga" (9.2 MB), one of six "Ethnographic maps of
    Central Europe loaned to the Peace Conference at Versailles, 1918-19." There is no legend on the map,     
    so you would have to infer coloring representing Germans, Livs and Latvians

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • New to this site: 1918 Gross (mapmaker) - Geographia Ltd. (publisher): "The Daily Telegraph
    War Map (No 29) of the ‘German Peace’, based on the ‘Peace’ Treaties of Brest-Litovsk, 3
    Mar 1918 and Bucharest, 12 June 1918" (9.4 MB), London. Note the boundaries for Lithuania

  • New to this site: c. 1919 C.S. Hammond & Co. (publisher): "Europe showing peace conference
    boundaries" (13.4 MB), New York, mounted on linen, and "Made for Nelson's perpetual loose-leaf

  • New to this site: c. 1919 Bertoldo (mapmaker) - Istituto geografico De Agostini (publisher): "Carta-
    base della futura Europa politica" (9.7 MB), Novara, Italy. Latvia and Lithuania conjoined as

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • New to this site: 1821 [dated] D.I.T Ahrens (mapmaker) - Christoph Fembo (publisher): "Carte  
    geographique et statistique de la Russie Occidentale" (11.9 MB), Nürnberg, with population  
    tables. Shows Bialystok oblast, which existed from 1807-42, when it was absorbed by Grodno guberniya
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
Detail: 1944
Detail: 1918
"Daily Telegraph
c. 1919
c. 1919:
Detail: 1919