Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,368 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many in high definition; all in downloadable jpegs
  •     852 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     213 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     186 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      168 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      146 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     100 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       44 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, March 2 - 16: 11 maps; 3 detail images; 3 improved map images; 1 major new resource for
downloadable high-definition maps: the
Royal Danish Library

Next update: March 30

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.3%; 2. Lithuania: 19.4%; 3. Latvia: 15.9%; 4. Russia: 7.5%; 5. Other: 29.9%

  • 1579 Ortelius (mapmaker) - Galle (publisher): "Poloniae Descrip." (208 KB), Antwerp, from the first
    French edition of "Le Miroir du Monde." The map differs from similar maps dated from the same period only   
    in the cartouche, where the writing is in a florid script. Also, compare with a claimed 1600 version

  • 1600 Grodeckis (original mapmaker/engraver) - Ortelius (who used Grodeckis' map as a source for his  
    own) - Bussemecher/Bussemacher (engraver/printer) - Quad (atlas publisher): "Poloniæ finitmarum-
    que locorum descriptio..," Cologne, in a greatly-improved image (from 295 KB to 1 MB), which has   
    allowed me to delete two detail images. Quad was a pocket atlas publisher, whose editions were cheaper
    alternatives to the larger folio atlases of Ortelius, Mercator, and De Jode -- and whose maps were the sources
    for Quad's atlas maps. This map is from Quad's second pocket atlas: "Geographisch Handtbuch," the first atlas
    originally written with German text, with 82 maps. His first pocket atlas, 1592's "Europae...Descriptio," had     
    38 maps, expanded in 1594 to 50 maps. His third and last pocket atlas, with 86 maps, was 1608's "Fasciculus

  • 1641 Hondius "Henrici Hondy" (publisher): "MAGNI DVCATVS LITHVANIÆ" (3.3 MB), Amsterdam, a
    one-sheet reduced version of the original 1613 Gerritsz/Blaeu 4-sheet version from a French Atlas: "Nouveau
    Theatre du Monde ou Nouvel Atlas comprenant Les Tables et Descriptions de toutes les Regions de la Terre."
    The single sheet plate, was first published in 1631, by Blaeu, then to the Janssonius family, and then was
    reissued by Valk & Schenk, as well as by Moses Pitt, around 1700. The different publishers are identifiable by
    the "Sumptibus" (published by) just above the bottom left frameline

  • 1647-50 Henneberger (cartographer) - Blaeu (publisher): "Prvssia Accvrate Descripta a Gasparo
    Henneberg Erlichensi" (3.9 MB) Amsterdam, from "Toonneel des Aerdrycx, ofte nieuwe Atlas... W. & J.
    Blaeu," first published in 1635

  • c1700 Wit (mapmaker/engraver/publisher): "Reipublicæ et Status Generalis POLONIÆ Nova
    Tabula, Comprehendens Maioris et Minoris Poloniæ  Regni, Magni Ducatus Lithvaniæ    
    Ducatus Prussiæ, Curlandiæ, Russiæ Vcraniæ, Massoviæ, Volhyniæ et Podoliæ" (6.1 MB),
    Amsterdam, in a third version of the third state of the cartouche -- misidentified by the source as dating from
    1680. See the 1680 first state, and my analysis of the cartouches and their dating at Wit's entry on my page

  • c1710 G. and L. Valk (father & son globemakers/publishers): "Regnum Poloniӕ Divisum in Magnum
    Ducatum Lithuaniæ Magnum Parvam que Poloniam, Prussiam, albam et rubram Russiam,
    Volhyniam, Podoliam, Ukraniam...per Gerard et Leonard Valk. Amst. cum Privilegio,"
    Amsterdam, in a greatly improved image (from 307 KB to 6.0 MB) of one of two atlas maps

  • 1784 [dated 1776] Santini (original cartographer) - Homann Heirs (original publishers) - Remondini
    (cartographer/ current publisher): "Carte de la LITHUANIE RUSSIENNE..." (1.0 MB), Venice, in a
    second version showing lands lost by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the First, 1772, Partition. The map was
    published in Remondini's "Atlas Universel dresse sur des Meillieures Cartes Modernes," which featured re-
    engraved plates from those of Robert de Vaugondy's "Atlas Universel." This map differs from the 1776   
    Homann Heirs version only in the last line of the cartouche, where you find an awkwardly engraved "Chez M.

  • c1940: "Литовская ССР, Латвийская ССР, Эстонская ССР" (Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR,
    Estonian SSR) (768 KB), along with two detail images (754 KB, 639 KB), depicting the puppet Soviet
    republics as they existed from July 1940 to July 1941

  • (MapsEthographic):
  • 1916 Royal Geographic Society (mapmaker) - Geographic Section of the [British] General Staff
    (publisher) - Ordnance Survey (printer): "Ethnographical Map of Central and South Eastern
    Europe," London, in an improved image of the overall map (from 246 KB to 323 KB)

  • (MapsHistorical1899Atlas): A new separate page for images from an 1899 Russian atlas with new copies of  
    significant maps of the "Russian" area: "Матеріалы по исторіи русской картографіи / Собралъ В. Кордтъ.
    Киевъ : Типография С.В. Кульженко, 1899." (Materials on the History of Russian Cartography / Sobral V.
    Kordt. Kiev: Typography of S.V. Kulzhenko, 1899) When I first encountered some of these images online, I  
    was confused about their claimed published dates and origin. Where this site has them, I have added images of
    the original maps, and the notes for them on this site, next to the copies, along with their truncated titles, to
    facilitate comparison. They contain some errors and some new and useful information. This update:

  • 1899 copy of 1562 [dated] Gastaldi: "Il Disegno de Geografia Moderna del Regno di Polonia,     
    e Parte del Ducado di Moscovia, con parte della Scandia, e parte de Suevia, con molte
    Regioni, in quelli..." [Translated from the Russian title] ("A map of Southwestern Russia by Ia.    
    Gastaldo, 1562") (5.7 MB). The Russian copy shows only the bottom half of the original two-sheet map

  • 1899 copy of c1596 Mercator map "Lithvania." [Translated from the Russian title] ("Lithuania by       
    G. Merkator, 1595") (4.6 MB)

  • 1899 copy of 1596 Botero: "POLONIA, LITHANIA, LIVONIA," from ""Theatrvm Principvm Orbis
    Vniversi..," with compass North on the right. [Translated from the Russian title] ("A map of Poland,
    Lithuania, Livonia from Theatrum Principum Orbis Universi.") (3.2 MB)

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1833 государственный университет путей сообщения - ГУПС (State Transport University):
    European Russia) (7.9 MB), St. Petersburg, in a folding hydrographic map depicting Imperial   
    Russia's extensive canal network. Also a higher-definition detail map (491 KB), of administrative
    department "V" -- with boundaries roughly the same as those of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
    Descriptive side panels list canals and transportation on large rivers. Long-term hydrographic goals of  
    pre-railroad Russia: sea-going vessel links between the Caspian, Black, Baltic, and White Seas

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • 1547 Bordone (editor/cartographer): [Untitled] (Scandinavia and the Baltic) (116 KB), Venice,  
    from "Isolario" (The Book of Islands), in which he describes all the islands of the known world with their
    folklore, myths, cultures, climates, situations, and history. It is intended as an illustrated guide for sailors.
    This map includes labels for "Sarmatia di Europa," and islands called "gottia" off the coast of "Livonia,"  
    and shows Greenland attached to Scandinavia
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: