Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it "...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..." My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.
What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
- Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
- Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
- Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
- Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
- The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
- Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
- Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
- Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps
Totals to date:
I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.
- 2,534 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
- 739 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
- 486 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
- 184 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
- 156 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
- 142 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
- 103 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
- 54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
- 37 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
- 24 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
- 0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational
August 21 adds: 10 new maps; 3 improved images
NEXT UPDATE: September 3 (Just before I go again to Lithuania and Latvia!)
Where do visitors to this site come from, and how do they get here?
As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 23.6%; 2. Lithuania: 19.7%; 3. Latvia: 14.8%; 4. Germany: 7.9%; 5. Other: 34.0%
76% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, 5 1/2 minutes.
Let me welcome a new addition to our "Resources" page: The Wroblewski Library of the Lithuanian
Academy of Sciences, at elibrary.mab.lt/ They have a wonderful collection of maps, prints and documents --
all available for download as high-definition pdfs.
- 1659 Sanson (cartographer/geograher): "La Curlande Duche et Semigalle ...de la Livonie, La
Samogitie Duche en Lituanie" (3.6 MB), Paris, in a second version, one which has enabled me to delete
two detail images of the first version
- 1665-66 Sanson (cartographer/geographer) - Peyrounin (engraver): "Partie de Lithuanie ou sont les
Palatinats de...," Paris. A series of maps illustrating the Grand Duchy of Lithuania's administrative regions:
- "...Nowogrodeck Litawski...lePalatinat de Bressici en Poloesie...et Partie de Minsk..." in an
improved image (1 MB to 2.1 MB), as well as a second new high-definition image (2.2 MB)
- "...Poloczk, Witepsk, Mseislaw, et partie de Minsk..." (2.3 MB) in a second version
- c1765-1770 Mayer (astronomer/mathematician/mapmaker): "Map of the Kingdom of Poland and
the Grand Dutchy of Lithuania, from Tob. Mayer of the Cosmographical Society of Nuremberg"
(6.4 MB), London, in a second version with pre-Partition boundaries, published by Carington Bowles. Compare
with the 1772 version, which shows Lithuanian lands lost in the First Partition
- c1796 (Anon.): "Polen, Litauen und Kurland im Jahr 1796" (2.3 MB), showing results of the three
partitions, 1772 - 1795
- 1832 de Mancy (historian/mapmaker): "Tableau Historique Des Revolutions de Pologne," Paris.
Separately issued map, in French. In 1826 he published the first edition of "Atlas historique et chronologiques
litteratures anciennes et modernes," which contained no actual maps. Seeing its success, de Mancy created
numerous single-sheet tables, each with a map, of historical revolutions
- c1925 Geographical Publishing Co. of Chicago (map creators):"Poland" (2.1 MB), Toronto, published by the
Cummins Map Co. Notable for its labeling of Post-WWI Lithuania (not to mention "Leutvia" for Latvia, and
"Polangen" in Latvia): In type just a bit smaller than that used for "Lithuania" is "Kovno," as though the
guberniya still existed; "Kovno" is also the labeled city; town names are a mixture of Yiddish ("Telshi") and
German ("Tauragen") names
- 1934 London Geographical Institute: "Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania" (870 KB), London, published by
George Philip & Son Ltd. Lithuanian town names are primary, with others in parens, although the guberniya
names "Kovno" and "Suvalki" still float on the map. Large town names: "Kaunas (Kovno)," "Siauliai (Shavli),"
- 1911 Verbickas (archaeologist/engineer/publisher): "Lietuvos žemelapis su etnografijos siena"
(Map of Lithuania with ethnographic borders) (3.2 MB), published in St. Petersburg by the
Il'in firm, and in Kaunas by the company "Lietuvos ūkininko" (Lithuanian Farmer). The illustrated
version is a linen-backed folding map. During German occupation in 1916, German authorities arrested
Basanavičius for reprinting this map -- something he apparently did not do
- 1917-18 Romer (geographer/cartographer/geopolitician): "Just think! There are 30 Million
Poles!" (2.6 MB), postcard map printed in Lausanne by the Polish National Committee, no doubt
prepared for the deliberations in Versailles on the post-WWI boundaries of Poland and Lithuania.
Boundaries for the "Ancient Polish Republic, Dismembered 1772 - 1795" are shown, pointedly mislabeling
what was, in reality, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a union of equals, and
leaving out any mention of Lithuania or Lithuanians. "Plainly propaganda," according to Steven Seegel's
"Mapping Europe's Borderlands." But Romer was following an already well-traveled path, one still
evidenced at Wikipedia, which considers the "Constitution of 1791" (adopted by the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth, and then annulled by the Grodno Sejm in 1793) as evidence of a "First Polish Republic."
But that document established a Constitutional Monarchy, not a Republic, defined as a state in which
supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or
nominated president, rather than a monarch. "First Polish Republic"? 1918
- c1704-20 Bodenehr (artist/publisher): "Grodno Im Grosses Hertzogthu Litthauen" (In
contemporary German: "Im Großherzogtum Litauen" or "In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania"),
Augsburg, in an improved image (from 183 KB to 563 KB). From his "Europeans Macht und Pracht," a
series of engravings of city views, plans, fortresses and castles in Europe.
- 1572 Braun (editor) & Hogenberg (engraver): "VILNA LITVANIAE Metropolis," Köln, in an
improved image (4.7 MB), from the first edition of the first volume of "Civitates orbis terrarum." The
sixth and the last volume was published in 1617. This city atlas eventually contained over 500 bird-eye-
and map views of cities from all over the world. Braun was assisted in his project by Abraham Ortelius,
whose 1570 "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum" was a systematic and comprehensive collection of maps in
uniform style, the first real atlas. The "Civitates" was intended as a companion to Ortelius' "Theatrum"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
by Aras Mileska
|When viewing this site repeatedly, ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski) is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake (also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
Mire (although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig (Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous. (From Wikipedia)
|The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents © LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
|The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
|French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
|German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson. From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 - mid-1700's. From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com