LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 
In 2010, Richard Butterwick, in
Central Europe, Vol. 8 No. 2, wrote of "...the successor states, nations,
and nation-states of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland,
Russia, and Israel (to name but the principal ones)."
 My focus here is the area represented today by the
three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors  
are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Other sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Other sites with high-definition maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date (site launched 2008):
  • 4,283 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     672 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     669 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in high definition
  •     264 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     211 town views, plans, and prints
  •     207 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1943 showing Lithuania and/or Poland      
  •      186 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      158 maps of European Russia, 1550 to 1948, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      118 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        68 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        63 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 to 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        57 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        27 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, February 1 - 14:
  • 11 maps, 10 of which are "New to this site"
  • 6 greatly-improved images of existing maps

Next update: February 28 (the last update of this site will be March 30, 2021!)

Whe
re do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 72.1%; 2. Russia: 7.2%; 3. Latvia: 7.0%; 4. Other: 13.7%

  • New to this site: 1568 [dated] Gastaldi (original mapmaker) - Forlani (publisher): "Il vero disegno    
    della seconda parte dil Regno di Polonia..," (688 KB), Venice, in the 2nd state of the bottom half of
    Forlani's map -- the 1st is known only as a proof. Unlike the 1562 Gastaldi two-sheet map, Forlani's version   
    has a cartouche on both the top and bottom halves

  • 1638 Janssonius (publisher): "NOVA TOTIVS LIVONIÆ accurata Descriptio." (9.5 MB), Amsterdam,
    in a new version from "Nouveau theatre du mode ou nouvel atlas," published 1638 simultaneously by both
    Henricus Hondius and Johannes Janssonius II as a total reworking of the Mercator-Hondius atlas

  • New to this site: 1798 [dated] Aitchison (mapmaker) - R. Morison & Son (publisher): "A New Map of  
    Poland, Lithuania & Prussia from the best Authorities" (649 KB), Perth, from Aitchison's “Modern
    gazetteer; being a compendious geographical dictionary” in two volumes

  • New to this site: 1821 [dated 1819] Starling (engraver) - Faden (publisher): "The Kingdom of Poland
    with its Ancient & Present Limits" (3.5 MB), London, from the second edition of the pocket-size school
    atlas "Atlas minimus universalis..."

  • New to this site: 1828 [dated] Gros (mapmaker) - Walker (engraver) - John Barfield (publisher): "Map of  
    Poland, Prussia and Hungary, indicating the places rendered celebrated by Sieges and   
    Battles" (9.5 MB), London, from "Lavoisine's Historical Atlas," first published by Barfield in 1814

  • New to this site: 1840 [dated] Colberg/Kolberg (surveyor/mapmaker/translator of Polish poetry) - Dal
    Trozzo (Warsaw publisher): "Mappa Krolestwa Polskiego Wraz Z Obwodem Wolnego Miasta
    Krakowa.." (Map of the Kingdom of Poland together with the free city of Cracow...), Warsaw, in
    two separate maps, both new to this site:
  • The title map (9.8 MB), depicting an area from "Gdansk" to "Królewiec," today's Kaliningrad
  • The one next to it: "Augustowska" province (9.5 MB), depicting an area from the Curonian Lagoon to
    "Kowno" (Kaunas) and "Zyzmory" (Žiežmariai)

  • New to this site: 1884 Maass (mapmaker) - N. Kymmel (publisher): "Schulwandkarte (School wall
    map) von Ehst-, Liv- und Kurland" (11.0 MB), Riga

  • 1907 Józef Michał Bazewicz, a Warsaw postal clerk, opened a bookstore in 1892 and began publishing books  
    and maps, without the benefit of higher education. In 1902, he published a two-volume Guide to the Kingdom  
    of Poland ("Przewodnik po Królestwie Polskim") with Antoni Bobiński. This guide included an alphabetical list
    of towns, settlements, villages, colonies, farms and all named places. He added a large wall map that he himself
    had prepared. Thereafter, he published primarily cartographic works. In 1907, he published the "Illustrated
    Geographical Atlas of Poland" (Atlas Geograficzny Ilustrowany Królestwa Polskiego). This week I've  
    uploaded five greatly improved images of powiats (districts within "Suwalskiej" guberniya) from a new source.
    While Bazewicz and his maps were very popular for a time, he fell out of favor, criticized for his maps'
    inaccuracies, most especially by Eugeniusz Romer. In 1926 his maps were banned from schools
  • Page 1: "MAPA OGOLNA, Krolestwa Polskiego..." in an improved image: from 1.5 MB to 5.6 MB
  • Page 79: "POW. SUWALSKI" in an improved image: 1.7 MB to 4.1 MB
  • Page 80: "POW. AUGUSTOWSKI" in an improved image: 2.9 MB to 4.7 MB
  • Page 81: "POW. KALWARYJSKI" in an improved image: from 2.1 MB to 4.2 MB
  • Page 83: "POW. SEJNEŃSKI" in an improved image: from 2.6 MB to 4.5 MB

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • 1770 [published 1918] Bazewicz (publisher): "Mapa Polski z podziałem na województwa z 1770   
    r. oraz kilku ważniejszych okresów" (Map of Poland by province in 1770 and several
    major periods), Warsaw, in a greatly-improved image (from 496 KB to 10.9 MB)

  • New to this site: 1771 [published c. 1830] Fenner (engraver) - Robert Jennings (publisher):    
    "Poland Previous to its First partition in 1772" (2.1 MB), London, from Fenner's "Pocket Atlas    
    of Modern & Ancient Geography"

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • New to this site: 1848 Samuel Augustus Mitchell (publisher): "Russia in Europe" (2.6 MB),  
    Philadelphia, from "A New Universal Atlas..," first published by Tanner in 1836 with engraved maps.  
    Cary and Hart took it over in 1843, converting the engraved maps to lithographic plates. Mitchell
    published it 1846-49, without updating the map to show that in 1843 an administrative reform created  
    the Kovno guberniya (Rus.: Ковенская г.) out of seven western districts of the Vilna g., including all of
    Žemaitija. Vilna g. (Rus.: Виленская г.) got three additional districts: Vileyka and Dzisna from the Minsk
    g. and Lida from Grodno g. (Rus.: Гродненская г.)

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • New to this site: 1855 [dated] W. & A.K. Johnston ("Geographer & Engravers to the Queen,"/
    publisher): "Johnston's Chart of the Baltic Sea, German Ocean & English Channel. With the
    adjoining countries: Showing principal lines of railway communication to the coasts of
    Northern Europe" (9.4 MB), Edinburgh, with inset maps of "Gulf of Bothnia, Revel or Reval,   
    Sveaborg, Cronstadt, Port of Baltic, and Enlarged plan of the Gulf of Riga, with the Islands of Osel, Dago
    &c. Showing major cities, towns and villages, roads, railroads, fortified places, tracks, churches, etc.,"    
    from "Johnstons' atlas of the war." (The Crimean War: 1853-56.)
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2021
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
Beginning March 31, 2021, LithuanianMaps.com will become a static
site, a reference for antique maps of the area of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. Yahoo! web-hosting pulled the rug out from under me,
ending support of the platform I use. Transferring the over 4,000 images on
this site to a new platform is beyond me, both in terms of doing it myself, and
paying a web-developer/designer to do it. I have already begun working on a
brand-new website:
www.LithuanianJournal.org, hosted by Wix, a site
that will be more of a blog, with no e-commerce, with pages for new maps  
and map commentary not on this current site, plus new articles on all things
Lithuanian: traditional Lithuanian wood carving, Lithuanian history,
including excerpts from research papers, the Lithuanian language, art and
poetry by Lithuanians, and even Lithuanian beers! I hope you give my new
site a look, and I thank you for your past interest and support.
1855 Detail,
"Johnston's
Cahart of the
Baltic Sea"