Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,688 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     833 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     568 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     233 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     189 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      174 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      159 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      118 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        96 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        64 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, April 8 - 14: 10 maps

Next update: April 28

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 58.4%; 2. Russia: 10.6%; 3. Latvia: 6.1%; 4. China: 6.1%; 5. Other: 18.8%

  • c1812 "Tableau des opérations de la Grande Armée depuis l'ouverture de la campagne    
    jusqu'au 21 aout 1812" (Table of operations of the Grande Armée since the opening of the
    campaign until August 21, 1812) (3.8 MB), in a dissected cloth-backed map depicting the advance of  
    French Napoleonic forces eastward from Dantzick (Gdańsk, Poland) to Smolensk, with French and Russian
    army troop positions and movements in what is today's Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia

  • 1921 Zahorski (mapmaker) - Wilenski Bank Kredytowy (publisher): "Przewodnik po Wilnie" (Guide to
    Vilnius) (665 KB), along with an image (734 KB) of "Spis ulic srodmiescia m. Wilna" (List of streets of the   
    city of Vilnius). Zahorski authored numerous guides to, and books about, Vilnius

  • 1922 Generalnego komisarjatu wyborczego (General Election Commission: mapmaker/publisher): "Mapa
    Ilvstracją Frekwencję Wyborczą" (Map illustrating election voting) (335 KB),  Wilno/Vilnius. The
    general election in the Republic of Central Lithuania was an election to the Vilnius Sejm (parliament) of the
    Polish-dominated Republic of Central Lithuania on 8 January 1922. The new parliament was intended to
    formally legalize incorporation of Central Lithuania into Poland. Such measure was fiercely opposed by
    Lithuania, which claimed the territory for itself. The election was boycotted by non-Polish population and   
    its results were unrecognized by either the Lithuanian government in Kaunas or the League of Nations. The
    elected parliament convened in February 1922 and, as expected, voted to incorporate the Republic into
    Poland. At the end of March 1922, Central Lithuania became Wilno Voivodeship of the Second Polish
    Republic. Commentary from wikipedia

  • 1928 Verlag für Börsen- und Finanzliteratur Aktiengesellschaft (publisher): "Schweden Randstaaten
    [Sweden's Border States] (Estland-Lettland-Litauen)" (3.1 MB), Berlin and Leipzig, from the third
    edition of  "Grosser luftver- kehrs-atlas von Europa..," a detailed inter-war reference book for European
    airports. Among the air routes depicted: "Riga-Königsberg" (today's Kaliningrad (Russian: Калининград),
    "Königsberg-Kowno-Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск)," "Memel (today's Klaipėda)-Tilsit (today's Sovetsk:
    Russian: Сове́тск)-Königsberg" and "Riga-Dünaburg (Dwinsk) (today's Daugavpils)-Smolensk"

  • 1937 [dated] Männik (mapmaker): "TALLINNA: LINNA - PLAAN" (3.9 MB), Tallinn. Includes planned
    projects. Interrupted double black lines show streets under construction and planned streets, black lines the
    railways, interrupted single lines tram lines, blue interrupted lines borders of different police districts, and   
    small images of locomotive train stations. Index on the right side includes names of streets and most important
    monuments and buildings in Tallinn

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795):
  • 1719 - 1941 Šlapelis (designer) - Patria (publisher): "Map of the Boundaries of LITHUANIA"    
    (4.0 MB), thirteen separate boundaries, on a map published c1946

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1850 J. Archer (mapmaker/engraver): "RUSSIA IN EUROPE & POLAND" (3.2 MB),  New York,    
    by D. Appleton & Co.; London by H.G. Collins, from "Appleton's Modern Atlas of the Earth." Just two of a
    number of errors: 1) In 1843, an administrative reform created the Kovno g. (Rus.: Ковенская г.) out     
    of seven western districts of the Vilna g., including all of Žemaitija. Vilna g. (Rus.: Виленская г.) got    
    three additional districts: Vileyka and Dzisna from the Minsk g. and Lida from Grodno g. (Rus.:
    Гродненская г.). The  map depicts former Vilna g. boundaries, seven years out of date, and so no     
    Kovno g. 2) Estland g. (Rus.: Эстляндская г.) was, in 1796, the new name given to Reval g. This map
    misspells Reval as  "Revel,"a name for the area 54 years out of date. Reval (today's Tallinn) was the    
    name of the city in German, Swedish and Danish, so the misspelling was a simple typo

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • 1621 "De Zeecusten van Coerlandt tuschen Der Memel enDerwinda" (The Sea Coasts of
    Courland between Memel and Derwinda) (589 KB). "Memel" is today's Klaipėda; "Derwinda" is
    today's Ventspils

  • c1702-07 Samuel Thornton was a cartographer and official hydrographer to the East India Company,   
    and partnered with his brother John. He became the preeminent sea chart maker in England. I have this
    week uploaded two high-definition charts of the Baltic coasts from his London-published "Sea - atlas:
    containing an hydrographical description of most of the sea-coasts of the known parts of the world.” It has
    eight pages of text and 173 double-page large folio charts -- the coloring on the images is from that time
  • "A Chart of the East - Sea" (6.1 MB)
  • "A Chart of PRUSSIA and Coerland from Rygshead to Der Winda" (6.6 MB)
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: