Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,009 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     807 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     512 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     202 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      169 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       156 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      126 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       56 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1921, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        41 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       35 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

January 20 adds: 8 maps; 1 greatly-improved image

Next update: January 27

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 32.3%; 2. Lithuania 14.1%; Latvia: 10.1%; 4. Germany: 7.8%; 5. Other: 35.7%

  • 1697 (dated 1663) N. Sanson I (d'Abbeville) (geographer/mapmaker) - P. Mariette (the Younger) (map  
    publisher): "La Livonie Duche..." (4.2 MB), Paris, from a 1697 edition of  "Cartes et Tables de la   
    Geographie Ancienne et Nouvelle..." published by Sanson's son, Guillaume. See the 1663 version

  • c1703 - 1705 Fer (geographer/publisher): "Estats de la Couronne de Pologne" (370 KB), Paris, in a  
    third version from the third to fifth editions of his "Methode pour apprendre geographie." Compare with the
    1714 version

  • 1753-55 T.C. Lotter (engraver) - Seutter (publisher): "Polonia Seraphico=observans" (648 KB), in a
    third version. The map shows Franciscan monasteries in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cartouche
    on the upper left has images of Polish Saints; on the top right is a list of Franciscan martyrs from 1241 to 1658

  • 1762 T.C. Lotter (engraver/publisher): "Polonia Seraphico=observans..." (0.9 MB), in the second state
    of this plate, wherein Seutter's name as publisher, as in the 1753-55 version, has been replaced by Lotter's   

  • 1788 J.B. Homann (geographer/cartographer): "Regni Poloniae Magnique Ducatus Lithuaniae..."
    (6.4 MB), the map originally published in London (and identical to a 1729 version on this site, which means it    
    is the 2nd state of the map, 3rd plate, with "Cum Privil."), from a 1788 composite atlas published in    
    Nuremberg which had maps not only by Homann, but also by Seutter, Lotter and others

  • 1915 Gross (mapmaker) - Geographia Ltd. (publisher): "The Daily Telegraph War Map No. 17"  (9.7
    MB), London, depicting railroads open and under construction

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • 1772 (dated) Desnos: "L'Europe Divisee Selon L'Etendue De Ses Principales  Parties, Et Dont
    Les Points Principaux Sont Placez Observations Des Mesrs. De  L'Academie Royale Des
    Sciences..." (8.9 MB), Paris, the map surrounded by lovely vignettes and descriptions of peoples,
    including "Polonois." The labeling of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, shown pre-partion, is
    confusing: the largest type is reserved for "POLOGNE," which overlaps the Grand Duchy area, which is,
    itself, labeled "Lithuanique" in type larger than "Grand Duche Lithuanie" and the even smaller multiple
    labels of "Lithuanie Particulieri," which appear to have been used instead of the actual names of the
    Vaivadija/Voivodes within the Grand Duchy

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1640 Merian (engraver/publisher): "Tabula RUSSIÆ" (9.5 MB), in a second version -- this one
    uncolored with no boundaries, including that  for "Littaw" -- of Merian's edition of the Hessel Gerritsz  
    map of Russia. This image appeared in Pierre d'Avity's 1695 "Vermehrte Archontologia cosmica..."
    Compare this map with   the 1635 Blaeu version,  titled " TABVLA RVSSIÆ," with a large inset map of
    "MOSCVA" Merian chose to eliminate. Blaeu acquired the plate after Gerritsz's death in 1632

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • 1658 A. Colom (engraver /publisher): "Oost Zee door Arnold Colom..," Amsterdam, in a greatly-   
    improved image (from 3.0 MB to 8.7 MB), from his "Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Wereldt," a re-issue of his
    1654 "Ora atlas maritima orbis universi." Great detail, and many Dutch versions of names of towns on   
    the coasts of today's Poland, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: