Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,743 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     760 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     486 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     193 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     167 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     149 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       109 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       57 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       37 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       27 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

April 17 adds: 8 maps; 1 detail image; 1 new mapmaker biography/map analysis

Next update: May 6

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 22.6%; 2. Latvia: 20.5%; Lithuania: 9.9%; 4. Russia: 8.2%; 5. Other: 38.8%

  • 1608 Mercator (mapmaker) - Van Den Keere (engraver) - Cloppenburgh (publisher): "LIVONIA" (289 KB),  
    Amsterdam, from the first French-text edition of Hondius' "Atlas Minor." Also a detail image (319 KB)

  • c1710 - 1714 C. Weigel (engraver/publisher): "Poloniæ & Lithvania accurante curatius," Nuremberg,
    in two versions (266 KB, 483 KB)

  • 1736 de Fer (geographer/publisher): "Les etats de la couronne de Pologne, sous les... Les etats de   
    la Couronne de Pologne, sous les quels sont compris la grande et la petite Pologne, le Grand
    Duche de Lithuanie, les Prusses et la Curlande. Divisez en provinces et palatinats...," (4.5 MB),
    Paris, in a second version. Gives the longitude and latitude of major cities on the map. First engraved by
    Starckman, and issued by de Fer in 1716, with editions in 1736, 1748, 1760 and 1782

  • Isaac (also spelled Isac, Isaak, and once, Isauc) Tirion (c1705 - c1769) and his first and second wives (the  
    second, Johanna, carried on the business for ten years after Isaac's death, until 1779, were Amsterdam
    booksellers and publishers of atlases with maps mostly based on the work of Delisle. Koeman says "Tirion
    probably was not the author or editor of the maps he published. He was more of a bookseller and publisher   
    than a geographer or cartographer." The first  reworked Delisle-Tirion maps were actually published in     
    Venice by Giambattista (Giovanni Battista) Albrizzi in "Atlante Novissimo che contiene tutte le parti del
    Mondo..," published in 1740 and 1750, and also perhaps in 1745. The title page of volume 1 (of two) from 1740
    states that all of the maps except the first (Mappa Mondo), including "Regno di Polonia diviso nei suoi
    Palatinati," were printed (not created or engraved) by Tirion. One source describes (I now believe
    incorrectly) Albrizzi's atlas as just a republishing of Delisle's "Atlas de Géographie," pubished 1700 - 1718, and
    republished in Amsterdam by Covens & Mortier in Amsterdam between 1730 and 1774(!). Tirion first  
    published his own atlas in Amsterdam beginning 1744: "Nieuwe en Beknopte Hand Atlas von...steden van
    Europe..." with five more editions published through 1779 and possibly later. A source for a version of this    
    atlas describes it only as "after 1769," and states that Tirion says the maps were "after Bolstra, Cruquius, de    
    la  Caille, de L'Isle, d'Anville, Hattinga and others." Dating his maps of "Poolen" separated from the atlases in
    which they were published can be problematic -- and this research has led me to change the publication dates  
    of quite a few Tirion maps on this site, maps that had impossible publication dates from many reputable  
    sources, including museums. What's clear to me now:
  • Delisle-Tirion-Albrizzi: "REGNO DI POLONIA," is from Albrizzi's 1740 Venice atlas
  • Delisle-Tirion-Albrizzi: "REGNO DI POLONIA, DIVISO NEI SUOI PALATINATI," appears to be an
    intermediate version of the previous map from 1740, and the one that follows, from 1750. The cartouche  
    is a simple box, in the style of Tirion's 1744 "Nieuwe Kaart...Poolen," but excising nearly all of Tirion's
    verbiage. There must have been a third Albrizzi atlas, c1745, from which this version came
  • Delisle-Tirion-Albrizzi: "NUOVA CARTA del REGNO DI POLONIA, Diviso nei suoi Palatinati, Secondo
    l'ultime offervazioni ed anotazioni, fata in AMSTERDAM, per ISAK TIRION" (New  Map of the Kingdom of
    Poland, Divided into its Palatinates, according to the latest observations and annotations, printed in
    Amsterdam by Tirion), is from Albrizzi's 1750 Venice atlas
  • Delisle-Tirion: "Nieuwe Kaart van t' Koninkryk Poolen..." (New map of the Kingdom of Poland)
    cannot be from earlier than Tirion's 1744 Amsterdam atlas, but could be from up to 40 years later  
    I've moved some maps around, dropped a few poorer images, and added some new ones:

  • 1740 Delisle -Tirion-Albrizzi: "REGNO DI POLONIA" (317 KB) in a third version

  • 1744 Delisle-Tirion: "Nieuwe Kaart van t' Koninkryk Poolen..." in two new versions (226 KB, 293

  • 1754 Delisle-Tirion: “Nieuwe Kaart van t' Koninkryk Poolen...” (212 KB) from Tirion’s 1754
    “Nieuwe en beknopte hand-atlas…”
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps:
1730 detail of Covens et
Mortier's republished Delisle
map, the basis for the
Albrizzi and Tirion Poland
maps discussed to the right
1744 - 1784 detail of
Delisle-Tirion map
from Tirion's
Amsterdam atlas
1740 detail of
map from Albrizzi's
Venice atlas
1750 detail of
Albrizzi map from
Albrizzi's 1750
Venice atlas
c1745 detail of
Albrizzi map