LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 
In 2010, Richard Butterwick, in
Central Europe, Vol. 8 No. 2, wrote of "...the successor states, nations,
and nation-states of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland,
Russia, and Israel (to name but the principal ones)."
 My focus here is the area represented today by the
three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors  
are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.




























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 4,113 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     717 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     634 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in high definition
  •     261 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     206 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      181 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      177 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      140 maps of European Russia, 1550 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      109 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        56 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        53 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        27 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, July 6 - 12:
  • 10 maps, 4 of which are "New to this site"

Next update: July 19

Whe
re do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 55.3%; 2. Russia: 14.6%; 3. Latvia: 7.0%; 4. Ukraine: 6.4%; 5. Other: 16.7%

  • 1578 Münster (priest/mapmaker): "Landtafel des Ungerlands / Polands / Reussen /Littaw /
    Walachen und Bulgaren" (1.1 MB), Basle, in a new version redrawn from the original plate from
    "Geographia Universalis." This map is from "Cosmographia Universalis," published 1544 - 1628, and one of    
    the most influential works of the 16th Century

  • c. 1619 Mercator (mapmaker): "LIVONIA" (2.6 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version of a map first    
    published 1595; see the 1627 & 1630 versions

  • 1663 [dated] Sanson I (cartographer) - Chez Pierre Mariette (publisher): "La LIVONIE Duché diviseé    
    en ses Princip.les Parties, Esten et Letten &c." (The Duchy of LIVONIA divided into its Main  
    Parts, Estonia and Latvia & c) (2.3 MB), Paris, in a new version from "Geographia Cartes Generales de   
    la Nouvelle Ancienne." See the same map from the 1697 version of the atlas, with the date unchanged, and
    Mariette repeated as the publisher, even though the later atlas was published by Sanson's son, Guillaume

  • 1773 [dated] Mayer (mapmaker) - Homann Heirs (publisher): "Mappa Geographica Regni Poloniae     
    ex novissimis..." (8.7 MB), Nuremberg, in a new version colored to show results of the First, 1772, Partition
    of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Mayer's name is still followed by "S.C.S.," but now "Homanianos
    Heredes" in the cartouche is followed by "C.P.S.C.M." or "Cum Privilegio Sacræ Cæsaræ Majestatis" -- Mayer
    died in 1772, long after he stopped making maps for Homann Heirs, and now the copyright to his maps is
    officially owned by Homann Heirs. The map was issued in at least 3 states: 1750, 1757 and 1773

  • 1775 [dated] Homann Heirs (publishers): "CHARTE von RUSSISICH LITAUEN, welche die von Polen
    an Russland..." (1.2 MB), Nürnberg, in a new version showing lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
    annexed by the Russian Empire after the First, 1772, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • 1795 Russell (engraver) - Peacock (publisher): "Prussia and Poland" (887 KB), London, in a new version
    from the first edition of "Compendious Geographical Grammar”

  • New to this site: 1850 [dated on verso] F.P. Becker & Co. (Omnigraph engravers) - Geo. Virtue    
    (publisher): "POLAND" (1.6 MB), London, from Rev. Barclay's "Universal Dictionary," published 1840-52,
    which included 54 maps by a number of different engravers

  • New to this site: c. 1918 Hijos de J. Espada (descendants of J. Espasa, editors): "POLONIA" (4.2 MB),  
    Madrid, from "Enciclopedia Universal." Depicts a number of different boundaries for "Polonia" and "Lituania"

  • New to this site: c. 1925 Oschin and Mantnieka (cartographers) - Kartografijas Instituts (publisher):
    "LETTONIE" (8.3 MB), Riga, with labels and legend in Latvian and French

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • New to this site: 1836 [dated] Streit (Prussian Major/mapmaker) - Fischer (cartographer) - W.
    Nattorff & Comp. (publisher): "Das Russische Reich in Europa in 4 Blättern" (8.6 MB), Berlin,  
    four maps on one sheet, from "Atlas von Europa," published 1834-37. Dotted-line boundaries depict the
    unlabled Litva-Vilna and Litva-Grodno guberniyas, whose names lasted until 1840, as well as Belostok
    Oblast, which was merged into the newly-named Grodno g. in 1840
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2020
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
1836 Detail: "Das
Russische Reich..."