Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,120 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     825 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     514 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     208 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      179 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       162 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      141 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       80 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        42 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       37 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

June 16 adds: 10 maps; 1 detail image

Next update: July 7

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 31.0%; 2. Latvia 19.0%; Lithuania: 17.4%; 4. Russia: 6.4%; 5. Other: 26.2%

  • 1584 Grodeckis (engraver/cartographer) - Ortelius (cartographer/publisher): "POLONIÆ
    finitimarumque locorum descriptio” (1 MB), in a third differently-colored version from "Theatrum  
    Orbis Terrarum," first published in 1570, in Antwerp, and the first systematically collected set of maps by
    different mapmakers, acknowledged as the first atlas

  • 1598-99 Gastaldi (original cartographer) - Ruscelli (alchemist/physician/secondary cartographer) -
    Rosaccio (6th edition revising cartographer) - Heirs of M. Sessa (publisher): "POLONIIA ET HVNGARIA
    NVOVA TAVOLA" (192 KB), Venice, from the 6th Ruscelli Edition of Ptolemy's "Geographia." The image is   
    on the page "Maps1561-76" so that it can be compared with the 1561 1st edition version of this map

  • 1942 The Edinburgh Geographic Institute (mapmaker) - J.B. Bartholomew (geographer/publisher):   
    "Poland and Baltic States" (605 KB), Edinburgh, depicting pre-WWII boundaries along with mid-war

  • 1944 "Eisenbahnkarte Deutschlands: Bl. 75 GRODNO" (9.5 MB), Erfurt, Germany, a rail map    
    showing, at 1:300 000 -- and for the German armed forces -- standard and narrow gauge railways, and train
    stations by size, in an area from "Marijampole" to "Grodno"

  • (TopoMapsGerAus1891-1945): German "Reichsamt für Landesaufnahme" maps were updates to turn-of-the    
    -century Prussian maps: "Übersichts Karte von Mitteleuropa" at 1:300 000, and were produced 1919 - 1945.
    Early sheets are straight reprints of the pre-WWI Königlich Preußischen Landesaufnahme editions. From the
    mid-1930s, Polish 1:300 000 maps were copied:  
  • 1939 "Zusammendruck 1:300 000 Windau-Schaulen" (9.7 MB), Berlin, a composite map which
    includes areas covered by six individual maps on this site: R56, R57, R58, S56, S57 and S58

  • (TopoMapsRussian1861-1945): a military project approved 1865 created "Специальная карта европейской
    России" (Special Map of European Russia), at 10-versts (10.7 km/6.6 mile) or 1:420 000:
  • 1866 western Augustów guberniya (abutting Prussia), including Сувалки (Suvalki). A year after this  
    map was published, Augustów and Płock guberniyas were divided into a smaller Płock guberniya, Suwałki
    guberniya (primarily Augustów guberniya territories) and a recreated Łomża guberniya

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1856 G.W. Colton (engraver/mpamaker/publisher) - J.H. Colton (publisher): "Russia" (7.5 MB), New
    York, from "Colton's  Atlas of the World..," depicting railroads, canals and major roads in a colorful map

  • 1877 Wallace (editor/foreign correspondent for The Times of London/Member, Imperial Russian
    Geographical Society) - Petter Cassell & Galpin (publisher): "Russia, Showing Density of
    Population" (3.9 MB), and "Russia, Showing Zones of Vegetation" (4.0 MB), London, two maps
    (updated by Petter Cassell & Galpin from maps originally published in the London newspaper Weekly
    Dispatch) from his two-volume book, written after having lived in Russia from early 1870 until late 1875.
    It was very successful and went through at least five editions. Of note: in the "Vegetation" map, all of the
    former Grand Duchy of Lithuania is included in the "Northern Agricultural  Zone;" the population density
    map's highest density color is "Above 50 inhabitants per Sq. Verst" (a sq. verst = 0.44 sq. mile), and that
    color is limited to just a few areas, including all of Poland. Quoting from his book on population issues: "...
    the reader may naturally desire to know the numerical strength of this foreign element in comparison  
    with the genuine Russian population. Unfortunately, we have no accurate  statistical data on this subject,
    but we may say roughly that of the 61,000,000 inhabitants of European Russia -- excluding Finland,
    Poland, and the Caucasus -- rather more than 12,000,000, or one fifth, are of foreign origin. According to
    Obrutchef, the [Aryan and Semitic] races are represented as follows:
  • Aryan Races:
  • Lithuanians: 2,343,000
  • Poles:                960,000
  • Moldavians:     875,000
  • Germans:         661,000
  • Greeks:               47,000
  • Bulgarians:         40,000
  • Armenians:        33,000
  • Semitic Races:
  • Jews:              1,631,000

  • 1944 C.S Hammond (mapmaker): “Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, European Part” (290
    KB)  from the “Encyclopaedia Britannica World Atlas,” showing -- in a detail image (249 KB) -- USSR-
    occupied areas in the Baltic States (Vilnius within Lithuania) and Poland
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: