Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it "...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..." My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.
What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
- Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
- Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
- Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
- Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
- The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
- Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
- Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
- Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps
Totals to date:
I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
- 2,866 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
- 784 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
- 507 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
- 195 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
- 170 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
- 154 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
- 120 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
- 58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
- 40 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
- 30 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
- 0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational
source attributions at the image.
August 26 adds: 7 maps; 1 detail image; 2 improved images; 1 town view: identified at their image as
"NEW" until the next update.
Next update: no later than October 14
Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 34.2%; 2. Latvia: 12.6%; Lithuania: 8.9%; 4. Russia: 8.0%; 5. Other: 36.3%
- 1661 Clüver (historical geographer): "LITHUANIA" (349 KB), Amsterdam, in a second version engraved
by van den Keere for Jansson's edition of "Introductionis in Universam Geographium"
- c1690-95 Danckerts Family (engravers/cartographers/publishers): "MAGNI DUCATUS LITHUANIÆ,
DIVISA TAM IN PALATINATUS" (in two images: 412 and 321 KB), Amsterdam, in a second version.
Danckerts sold this plate to the Ottens brothers in 1726 -- see their version of this map, with the Ottens name
on the cartouche, from 1726 and 1788
- c1720 Homann (geographer/cartographer): "DVCATVVM LIVONIE et CVRLANDIÆ.." (8.6 MB),
Amsterdam, in a fifth version. 1730 versions have "Cum Privilegio S.C.M." in the cartouche
- 1750 Homann Heirs (publishers) - Mayer (mathematician/astronomer/mapmaker): "Mappa
Geographica Regni Poloniæ..." (2.1 MB), Nuremberg, in a sixth version dated 1750 from "Atlas factice."
Mayer's name in the cartouche is followed by "S.C.S.," his copyright
- 1773 Homann Heirs (publishers) - Mayer (mathematician/astronomer/mapmaker): "Mappa geograph-
ica Regni Poloniæ...," Nuremberg, in an improved image (from 326 KB to 7.2 MB) of the sixth version
dated 1773, colored to show results of the First, 1772, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Mayer's name is still followed by "S.C.S.," but now is followed by "Homanianos Heredes C.P.SC.M." or "Cum
Privilegio Sacræ Cæsaræ Majestatis." Mayer died in 1772, long after he stopped making maps for Homann
Heirs, and now the copyright to his maps is officially owned by the Homann firm
- c1774-79 Ghigi (painter/historian/geographer): "Carta geografica del Regno di Polonia : diviso
nelle sue province e palatinati..." (481 KB), Rome, depicting the results of the First, 1772, Partition. Also
a detail image (472 KB)
- c1783-85 Lattré (engraver/publisher) - Bonne (engineer/mathematician/cartographer/publisher):
"ROYAUMES DE POLOGNE ET DE PRUSSE, avec privilège du Roi," Paris, in an improved image
(from 208KB to 378 KB) of the first of two versions of this map, showing results of the First, 1772, Partition,
from Lattré's 1785 "Atlas encyclopédique"
- 1791 T. Bowen (engraver/mapmaker): "Poland, Exhibiting the Claims of Russia, Prussia & Austria
from the most approv’d maps" (314 KB), London, with the "Note: The Shading on the Inland parts serv
the Respective claims of the Different Kingdoms." Engraved for Barlow's "General History of Europe"
- 1912 Министерство Торговли и Промышленности (The Ministry of Trade and Industry): "План,
Рижский порт" (Plan, Port of Riga) (522KB)
- (TownViewsA-J): c1600 Braun (geographer/publisher) & Hogenberg (engraver): "Vera Designatio
Urbis in Littavia Grodnæ..." (315 KB),Cologne, after an engraving by Matthias Zündt dated 1568, itself
copied after a drawing by Johann Adelhauser
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
by Aras Mileska
|When viewing this site repeatedly, ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski) is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake (also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig (Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous. (From Wikipedia)
|The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents © LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
|The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
|French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
|German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson. From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 - mid-1700's. From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com