LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.




























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,773 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     773 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     486 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     193 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     167 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     149 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       113 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
  •       36 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       27 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

May 20 adds: 10 maps; 1 detail image; 2 improved images: identified at their image as "NEW" until
the next update

Next update: May 27

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 23.9%; 2. Latvia: 18.9%; Lithuania: 9.2%; 4. Russia: 8.5%; 5. Other: 39.5%

  • 1621 Mercator (geographer/engraver/cartographer/publisher) - Hondius (family of engravers/publishers):
    "Lithuania" (330 KB), Amsterdam. Compare with the c1610 examples

  • 1716 Bodenehr (cartographer): "Compendiosa Poloniæ Repræsentatio Polen" (1.8 MB), Augsburg.
    From his 99-map "Atlas Curieux oder Neuer und Compendieuser Atlas..."

  • 1776 Santini (cartographer /publisher) - Homann Heirs (publishers) - Remondini (latest publisher): "Carte
    de la LITHUANIE RUSSIENNE..." (1.1 MB), Venice, in a second version -- this one colored. This map,
    which shows lands lost by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the First, 1772, Partition,  was  later included in
    Remondini's 1784 Venice edition of "Atlas Universel dresse sur des Meillieures Cartes Modernes," which
    featured re-engraved plates from those of Robert de Vaugondy's "Atlas Universel"

  • c1820 (Anon.): "A.6 [Lithuania/Poland]," Paris, in an improved image (from 158 KB to 271 KB) of a 20-
    segment folding map pasted on linen, as well as a new, second, detail image (382 KB)

  • 1842 Lizars: POLAND AND LITHUANIA" Edinburgh, in an improved image (545 KB to 594 KB, but also
    sharper) from the "Edinburgh Geographical and Historical Atlas"

  • (TopoMapsGerAus1891-1945): "Karte des Deutschen Reiches" at 1:100 000. Deutsche Heereskarte
    Großblatt" (German Army maps) of East Prussia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Byelorussia SSR,
    published by the OKH/ General Staff of the Army, Chief of War Maps  and Surveying. A new batch of maps
    uploaded by our friends at www.mapywig.org has allowed me to fill in many gaps in this set with compressed
    and downloadable images. This week's adds, in addition to a new overall map key image:
  • 1936 Nr. 313 "Schaulen" (Šiauliai, Lith.) (9.7 MB)
  • 1938 Nr. 308 "Frauenburg (Saldus, Lat.) / Doblen (Dobele, Lat.) (8.1 MB)
  • 1944 Nr. 307 "Libau" (Liepāja, Lat.) (9.7 MB) in an incomplete map showing the eastern half
  • 1944 Nr. 1a "Telsche" (Telšiai, Lith.) (9.8 MB)
  • Undated Nr. 318 "Raseiniai" (Lith.) (9.1 MB)

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1919 Franckevičius (publisher): "Žemlapis Žemaičių vyskupijos su etnografiniu lietuviu   
    plotu" (Map of the  Samogitian Diocese with Lithuanian ethnographic areas) (1.9 MB)

  • 1939 (Anon.): "POLACY" (1.4 MB), showing areas in Poland, Lithuania and East Prussia where Poles
    comprised more than 50% and less than 50% of the population. Also two charts, one showing percentage
    of population of all ethnicities in Poland, and number of Poles in a number of countries in the world
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com