LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,567 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     837 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     231 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     189 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      173 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      156 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      111 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        76 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        61 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        48 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, December 3 - 9: 10 maps; 1 greatly-improved image

Next update: December 16

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 54.2%; 2. Russia: 9.2%; 3. Ukraine: 6.3%; 4. China: 5.5%; 5. Other: 24.8%

  • 1581 Grodeckis (original mapmaker, in 1558) - Ortelius (geographer/publisher): "POLONIÆ
    finitimarumque locorum descriptio, Auctore Wencelslao Godreccio” (867 KB), Antwerp, in a new
    version from "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," first published in 1570, and acknowledged as the first atlas

  • 1657 H. Allard (engraver/publisher): "Nova totius Regni Poloniӕ, Magnique Ducatus Lithuaniӕ..."
    (1.0 MB), Amsterdam. Credit is given in the lower right to Guillaume le Vasseur de Beauplan, a French   
    military cartographer/engineer in the service of the King of Poland

  • 1679 Zürner (geographer/cartographer): "POLONIA & LITHUANIA cum Suis Palatinatibus" (590
    KB), Amsterdam, from his edition of Sanson's "Atlas of the world." Zürner was appointed Geographer of    
    Poland and the Electorate of Saxony, a position in which he served from 1711 -1732.  During this time, he
    reportedly traveled nearly 18,000 miles and created over 900 maps

  • c1680 (Anon.): "Regni POLONIAE Nova Descriptio" (1.2 MB). first time seen. Visitors to this site: any
    suggestions? I think it's either an unauthorized copy of another map, or a trial printing of a map in progress

  • 1700 P. Schenk I: "Estats de Pologne Subdiveses suivant l'estendue des Palatinats," Amsterdam,    
    in a greatly-improved image (from 306 KB to 943 KB) of the first of three existing versions. The map is a copy
    of one by Sanson, and was published in "Atlas Contractus sive Mapparum Geographiacarum"

  • 1753 Nolin (geographer/engraver/publisher): "Carte des Etats de Pologne Dressee sur les dernieres
    Observations et les Memoires les plus nouveaux Par. J.B. Nolin..," (543 KB), Paris, from Baron de
    Puffendorf's "Introduction a L'Histoire Moderne, Generale et Politique de L'Univers"

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • 1601 Ortelius (mapmaker) - Vrients (publisher): "Prvssiae Decriptio." (450 KB), Antwerp, from the
    first edition of Ortelius' "Epitome." Note "Litvaniӕ," and "Samogitiӕ," along with the "Mimmel" river,    
    and many labeled Lithuanian towns

  • 1616 Bertius (mapmaker) - Hondius (engraver): "PRUSSIA" (269 KB), Amsterdam, from the pocket
    atlas "Tabularum geographicarum contractarum..," first published 1600 in Latin, French and German
    editions to 1650, with miniature maps engraved by both Hondius and van den Keere, his brothers-in-  
    law. Note labels for the river "Tang," (today's Dreverna river?) flowing into the Curonian Lagoon just
    below Memel, and the river "Niemyen"

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • 1598 Quad (geographer/engraver) - Bussemachaer (publisher): "Evropa" (957 KB),  Cologne, from
    Quad's "Europae totius orbis terrarum," which was smaller and cheaper than competing atlases by
    Ortelius, Mercator, and the De Jodes. With no country boundaries, Europe -- and "Lituania," highlighted
    in a detail image (93 KB) -- is a jumble of often misplaced town and country names

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • c1735 Overton & Hoole (publishers): "A New Correct Map of Poland, Moscovy, Little Tartary
    and the Black and Caspian Seas" (1.8 MB), London, in a separately-produced wall map. Mostly a
    copy of the 1729-30 Moll map, with a nearly erased copy of the upper edge of the Moll map's cartouche,
    identical verbiage above the cartouche, but a changed title and changes to the area below the cartouche

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • 1658 [dated] Doncker (hydrographer/publisher): "Pas-Caart van de Oost Zee..," (3.7 MB), Amsterdam,
    depicting the sea and coastline from Narva, in today's Estonia, to Rugen, in today's Germany
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel
Moreau.
From
WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
Detail, 1598
Quad: "Evropa"