LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 
In 2010, Richard Butterwick, in
Central Europe, Vol. 8 No. 2, wrote of "...the successor states, nations,
and nation-states of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland,
Russia, and Israel (to name but the principal ones)."
 My focus here is the area represented today by the
three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors  
are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.






























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Other sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Other sites with high-definition maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date (site launched 2008):
  • 4,227 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     719 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     653 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in high definition
  •     263 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     207 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1943 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      188 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      184 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      148 maps of European Russia, 1550 to 1948, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      115 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        59 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 to 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        56 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        27 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, October 19 - 25:
  • 10 maps, 6 of which are "New to this site"
  • 1 expanded guide  to identifying states of  "POLONIAE finitimarumque locorum descriptio,
    Auctore Wenceslao Godreccio, Polono,” 1570-92, at that page in my site

Next update: November 1

Free Zoom Lecture October 31, 2:00 PM Eastern (New York) Time by Latvian Lars  
Grava: "At the Edge of Empires - Maps of the Baltic States," hosted by the New York    
Map Society.
REGISTRATION is required.

Another free Zoom lecture, given by me, October 27, 4:00 PM Eastern (New York) Time:
"New York's Newtown Creek: Death and Resurrection - A Chronicle in Maps and
Photographs," which is also the chronicle of my arrival, in 1949, in New York City, and
the history of where I currently live. Details at the calendar at www.queenslibrary.org

Where do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 72.8%; 2. Latvia: 7.6%; 3. Russia: 7.1%; 4. Other: 12.5%

  • 1573 Grodeckis (original mapmaker, in 1558) - Ortelius (geographer/publisher): "POLONIAE
    finitimarumque locorum descriptio, Auctore Wenceslao Godreccio, Polono,” (A depiction of
    Poland, its borders and places) (1.7 MB), in a new version from "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," initially
    published 1570 in Antwerp, and acknowledged as the first atlas

  • New to this site: In 1734 Amsterdam publisher Henri Du Sauzet issued his two-volume “Atlas Portatif
    Composé de CCLXXXV Cartes..," based on a 100-year-old Mercator atlas. Mercator's "Atlas Minor," with   
    maps mostly engraved by Jodocus Hondius, was first published in 1607 by Hondius, after Mercator's death in
    1594. The 1628 second edition had maps engraved by Pieter van den Keere and Abraham Goos. Editions of   
    this atlas were printed until the middle of the 17th century. The third and final edition of a Mercator "Atlas
    Minor"was published in 1630. It was this atlas, known as "Gerardi Mercatoris," published by Johannes
    Cloppenburg (with additional editions in 1632 and 1636) that Henri Du Sauzet, Amsterdam publisher, issued     
    in 1734 (with a second edition in 1738) with re-sized maps, blank versos (Cloppenburg's maps had text on the
    reverse) and added page numbers in the upper right corners. An exception: the "Estats de la Couronne de
    Pologne"map. See the new "Prussia" map on the "Lithuania Minor" page, from the same 1734 atlas
  • P.M. Sanson (mapmaker) - de Winter (engraver, in 1683) - Cloppenburg (original publisher): "Estats
    de la Couronne de Pologne [page] 101" (368 KB), an outlier map not from the 1630 "Atlas Minor"

  • Mercator (mapmaker) - van den Keere (engraver, in 1630) - Cloppenburg (original publisher):
    "LITHUANIA" [page] 102" in two versions (433 KB, 958 KB)

  • Mercator (mapmaker) - van den Keere (engraver, in 1630) - Cloppenburg (original publisher):
    "Polonia [page] 99" (389 KB)

  • 1740 G. Delisle (likely original mapmaker) - Tirion (printer) - Albrizzi (publisher): "REGNO di POLONIA"
    (1 MB), Venice, in a new version     from Albrizzi's 1740 atlas: "Atlante Novissimo che contiene tutte le parti del
    Mondo..," also published 1750

  • 1744 G. Delisle  (original mapmaker) - Keyser/Keizer (re-engraver) - Tirion (publisher): "Nieuwe Kaart
    vant KONINKRYK POOLEN, verdeet in zyn byzondere Waywoodschapen na de Nieuwste
    stellung..." (New Map of the Kingdom Of Poland, Divided into its Palatinates, according to   
    the latest observations and annotations...) (540 KB), in a new version

  • New to this site: c. 1751 [dated 1750] Robert de Vaugondy (mapmaker): "POLOGNE, Pag. 350" (351  
    KB), Paris, from an early edition of "Methode a bregee et facile pour apprendre la Geographie," issued through
    the early 1800's. This plate appeared in a number of different editions, distinguishable only by page numbers
    above the top right frameline. This map is the only image I have from a claimed 1751 edition with the page
    number 350 instead of 357. See the 1772 and early 1780's versions, with images of atlas title pages

  • New to this site: 1943 [dated] United States Office of Strategic Services, Research and Analysis Branch
    (mapmaker) - Reproduction Section, OSS (publisher): "RAILROADS OF LITHUANIA, 1939" (1.5 MB),  
    Washington, DC, depicting railroad lines by gauge

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • New to this site: 1734 Mercator (original mapmaker) - Van Den Keere (original engraver) - J.E.
    Cloppenburgh (1630 publisher) - Du Sauzet (1734 publisher): "Prussia [page] 103" (366 KB),
    Amsterdam. Three difference from the 1630 version: blank verso instead of text; a page number added  
    to the upper right corner; four ships in the Baltic Sea. From "Atlas Portatif Composé de CCLXXXV
    Cartes..."
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2020
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
Lars Grava