Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,383 unique maps showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many in high definition; all in downloadable jpegs
  •     834 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     224 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     186 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      170 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      146 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     103 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        47 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       44 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, March 30 - April 13: 6 maps; 5 improved images; 2 new town views; 1 new resource:  Daniel
Crouch Rare Books -- and Maps

Just uploaded: my article "Part 4: The Third and Last Partition of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania;
administrative boundaries of Lithuanian lands from 1795 to 1918"  Read it at my "MapArticles" page

Next update: April 27

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 28.9%; 2. Lithuania: 17.8%; 3. Latvia: 15.8%; 4. Russia: 6.9%; 5. Other: 30.6%

  • c1630 Ortelius (original cartographer) - van den Keere (engraver) - Cloppenburgh (publisher):
    "LITHUANIA," (351 KB) in a seventh version from "Atlas Minor Gerardi Mercatoris Atlas sive
    Cosmographicae Meditationes," published c1630-36

  • 1678 [dated] G. de Rossi (printer/publisher) - Widman (engraver who copied Sanson's map): "STATI
    DELLA CORONA DI POLONIA..." (3.6 MB), Rome, in a third version of the first edition of this map. See  
    the 1688 version

  • 1688 [dated] G. de Rossi (printer/publisher) - Widman (engraver who copied Sanson's map): "STATI
    DELLA CORONA DI POLONIA..," Rome, in an improved image (from 44o KB to 569 KB) of the second
    edition of this map

  • c1718 J.B. Homann: "Regni Poloniæ Magnique Ducatus Lithuaniæ..." (6.7 MB), Nuremberg, in a
    second version with a cartouche intermediate between the 1712 and 1720 states, with the line "Sac. Cӕs.
    Geographo" under Homann's name

  • 1729 Jenvilliers/Jeanvillers (engraver): "Royaume de Pologne," Paris, in an improved image (from 154 KB     
    to 249 KB) and corrected date (from 1735 to 1729) from “METHODE POUR ETUDIER L’HISTOIRE” by L’
    Abbe Lenglet du Fresnoy

  • 1740 J.G. Schreiber (engraver/publisher): "Die Hertzogthümer Curland und Liefland" (2.1 MB),  
    Leipzig, from his "Atlas selectus von allen Konigreichen und Landern der Welt," reprinted in 1749

  • Post 1749 [but dated 1749] Homann Heirs (publisher) - Niepreckis (original mapmaker) - Mayer
    ("correcting" mapmaker): "MAGN. DVCATVS LITVANIÆ...impensis Homannianorum Heredum,
    1749. C.P.S.C.M.G. [Cum Privilegio Sacræ Cæsaræ Majestatis Gratia]" (5.1 MB), Nürnberg, in a sixth  
    version. At top right on the map is an inset with text describing the region. This is the second state of the
    plate, with Mayer's "privilege" in the cartouche

  • 1767 [dated, but colored to show losses due to the First, 1772 Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Common-
    wealth] G. Robert de Vaugondy (mapmaker) - Delamarche (publisher): "LE ROYAUME DE POLOGNE,"
    Paris, in a greatly improved second version (from 292 KB to 1.8 MB) from "Atlas Universel"

  • Created 1915, published after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919: Compiled at the Royal
    Geographical Society under the direction of the Geographical Section, General Staff, drawn and printed by the
    Ordnance Survey. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the
    spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background
    information for use by British delegates to the conference. "Maps of Poland," in which the below two maps
    appeared (now in greatly improved images), is Number 49 in a series of studies produced by the section. The
    book contains eight foldout maps, six from the General Map of Europe: regions around six major cities in or  
    near what would become the newly independent Polish Republic: Berlin, Warsaw, Minsk, Vienna, Krakau
    (Krakow), and Jitomir (Zhytomyr, Ukraine)

  • 1915 "(WARSAW) VARSHAVA" (1.1 MB), depicting an area from "Danzig" to "Kovna," and from
    "Shavli" to "Brest-Litovsk"

  • 1915 "MINSK" (1 MB), depicting an area from "Vilna" to "Polotsk," and from "Dvinsk" to "Pinsk"

  • (MapsHistorical1899Atlas): A page for images from an 1899 Russian atlas with new copies of significant much
    older maps of the "Russian" area: "Матеріалы по исторіи русской картографіи /Собралъ В. Кордтъ. Киевъ:  
    Типография С.В. Кульженко, 1899." (Materials on the History of Russian Cartography / Sobral V. Kordt.  
    Kiev: Typography of S.V. Kulzhenko, 1899.) When I first encountered some of these images online, I was
    confused about their claimed published dates and origin. I have added images of the original maps -- and the
    notes for them on this site -- next to the copies, along with their truncated titles, to facilitate comparison. They
    contain some errors and some new and useful information. This update completes the page:

  • 1899 copy of 1688 [dated] de Rossi (after Sanson): "STATI DELLA CORONA DI POLONIA    
    Diuisa nelle sue Principali PROVINCIE E PALATINATI..." (7.2 MB), Rome. I was fooled, and
    had this image on my page as though it was from 1688

  • 1899 copy of just the map from a c696 Carel Allard: "Regni Poloniæ, Magni Ducatus Lithuaniæ
    cœterarumque Regi Poloniæ subditarum Regionum Tabula" (4.7 MB), completely  
    repositioning the cartouche, and rewriting it in Cyrillic. I have not been able to find an image of the  
    original Russian map that copied the Allard map

  • (TownViewsN-U):
  • c1581 Braun (geographer/editor/publisher) - Hogenberg (engraver): Two views on one sheet: "Die   
    Furstliche Hauptt Statt Konigssbergk in Preussen" and "Riga, die Hauptt Statt in   
    Lifflantt" (1.1 MB), Cologne, from a German-language edition of "Civitates orbis terrarium," published
    in many editions in Latin, French and German, in six volumes, 1572-1617. It was the first atlas of town
    views and plans of the known world
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
Image courtesy of Daniel
Crouch Rare Books: