LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.



























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,224 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     544 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     163 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     138 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     125 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •         73 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •        18 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

October 31 adds: 10 new maps

NEXT UPDATE: November 7

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 23.1%; 2. Latvia: 14.9%; 3. Lithuania: 12.5%; 4. Germany: 8.6%; Other: 40.9%
80%+ of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they spend, on average, over 8 minutes here

  • 1744 Bowen (engraver/mapmaker): "A new and ACCURATE MAP OF POLAND, LITHUANIA &c.
    Divided into its Palatinats, drawn from the best authorities, assisted by the most approv'd
    modern maps. The whole being regulated by astronomical observations" (2.5 MB), London, in a
    second version from that year's edition of his "A Complete System of Geography"

  • c1745 le Rouge (editor/publisher): "Le Royaume De Pologne Le Grande Duche De Lithuanie
    Suivant les Nouvelles Observations..." (437 KB), Paris

  • 1788 Bonne (engineer/mathematician/cartographer): "ROYAUME DE POLOGNE ET DUCHE DE
    LITHUANIE" (476 KB), Paris, in a second version from this year's edition of "Atlas Encyclopedique
    CONTENANT LA GEOGRAPHIA ANCIENNE, ET QUELQUES CARTES SUR LA GEOGRAPHIE DU MOYEN
    AGE, LA GEOGRAPHIE MODERNE, ET LES CARTES RELATIVES A LA GEOGRAPHIE PHISIQUE...” by
    Bonne and N. Desmarest

  • 1800 Vilbreht (cartographer): six additional images of former Grand Duchy provinces that became Russian
    guberniyas after the Three Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, from "Российский атлас из
    сорока четырех карт состоящий и на сорок на два наместничества Империю разделяющий" (Russian Atlas
    of 42 maps of 44 guberniyas), published in St. Petersburg by the "Geographic Department of the Cabinet of
    His Imperial Majesty." All place-names in Cyrillic, and and all have lovely cartouches:
  • "Лифляндской губерни" (Liflyandskoi  guberni) (1.7 MB)
  • "Литовскoй губерния" (Litovskoi guberniya)  (2.9 MB)
  • "Псковская губерния" (Pskovskaya guberniya) (2.1 MB)
  • "Белорусская губерния" (Belorusskaya guberniya) (2.2 MB)
  • "Смоленская губерния" (Smolenskaya guberniya) (1.9 MB)
  • "Минская губерния" (Minskaya guberniya) (2.3 MB)  

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • 1772-95 Bazewicz (journalist/cartographer): "Polska w czasie 3 rozbiorów 1772, 1793 i 1795"
    (Poland at the time of Three Partitions) (852 KB), Warsaw, from his 1918 "Atlas historyczny
    Polski." Of note: no mention anywhere of Lithuania, and, surprisingly, no identification of "Vilnius/Wilno/
    Wilna,/Vilna" either  -- although many smaller cities and towns, such as "Kowno," are labeled
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
View this site using Explorer or Firefox or Yahoo!/Bing at 100% for best results.  Use Google Chrome,
and you may NOT see a full screen, you may NOT see correct colors for links, and text might overlap!
"Zoom" over 100%, and pages mess up.
ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE
VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION OF THE SITE!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery