LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 
In 2010, Richard Butterwick, in
Central Europe, Vol. 8 No. 2, wrote of "...the successor states, nations,
and nation-states of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland,
Russia, and Israel (to name but the principal ones)."
 My focus here is the area represented today by the
three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors  
are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.






























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Other sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Other sites with high-definition maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date (site launched 2008):
  • 4,264 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     678 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     669 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in high definition
  •     263 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     211 town views, plans, and prints
  •     207 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1943 showing Lithuania and/or Poland      
  •      186 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      157 maps of European Russia, 1550 to 1948, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      117 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        68 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        62 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 to 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        57 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        27 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, January 10 - 17:
  • 7 maps, 5 of which are "New to this site"
  • 4 improved images of existing maps
  • 1 town plan

Yahoo!, this website's hosting service, has just announced that the software on which
this site is based will no longer be editable or supported as of March 31, 2021. That gives
me a little over two months to create a new site on another platform. Unfortunately, that
means that additions and updates to this site may be infrequent and irregular.

Next planned update: January 31

Whe
re do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 71.5%; 2. Russia: 6.6%; 3. Latvia: 4.3%; 4. Belarus: 3.6%; Other: 14.0%

  • 1717 [dated] Fer, de (geographer/publisher): "ESTATS DE LA COURONNE DE POLOGNE, [page] 48"
    (9.1 MB), Paris, in a new version from his "Atlas Curieux"

  • New to this site: 1732 Senex (engraver/mapmaker) - Duy (cartouche engraver) - George Willdey
    (publisher): "POLAND Corrected from the Observations Communicated to the Royal Society at
    London and the Royal Academy at Paris. Is humbly Dedicated to Sr. James Hallett Kt. Citizen  
    of London..." (8.9 MB), London, from his "Composite World Atlas," containing maps originally published  
    1701-17. See the 1708 versions with the same dedication

  • 1750 Albrizzi (publisher) - Delisle (original cartographer) - Tirion (printer): "Nuova Carta del Regno Di
    Polonia, Diviso nei suoi Palatinati.., Venice, in a greatly improved image (from 643 KB to 2.7 MB) from
    the same source, but misidentifying it as from 1739

  • 1752 [dated 1749] Didier Robert de Vaugondy (geographer/cartographer): "Curlande, Livonie, Ingrie    
    et Partie Meridionale de Finlande..," Paris, in a greatly-improved image (from 228 KB to 1.7 MB)   
    published in the 1752 first edition of "Atlas Universel"

  • 1815 [dated 1814] Senior (geographer/cartographer) - Neele (engraver) - Pinkerton (geographer/
    archaeologist/historian): "POLAND" (9.1 MB), London, in a new version, with variant coloring, as usual for
    these maps, from "Pinkerton's Modern Atlas," one of the best English atlases of the time. Compare with the
    version from the 1818 Philadelphia edition

  • c. 1841 F.P. Becker (Omnigraph [steel] engraver) - George Virtue (publisher): "POLAND," London, in a
    greatly-improved image (from 501 KB to 6.8 MB) from the same source, of a map depicting external  
    boundaries for the pre-partition Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, but internal boundaries that correspond
    neither to pre-partition boundaries nor to Russian guberniyas. Mid-19th century Poland's boundaries are
    visible, but often outline-colored to make them indistinguishable from other boundaries. Versions are all from
    Virtue's edition of Barclay's "A Complete and Universal English Dictionary," published 1841 to at least 1850

  • J. & G. Menzies of Edinburgh were engravers for Edinburgh publisher John Thomson and others beginning
    1819, according to Tooley. However, one of the three following maps with the engravers' imprint is dated 1813,
    and Kevin Brown at Geographicus says the firm started 1811. That line on the plate: "J. & G. Menzies    
    Sculp.t Edin." under the bottom right frameline, is what these three maps, all New to this site, titled
    "POLAND As divided" have in common. There is no mention of what is under the middle of the frameline    
    on identical maps: "Drawn and Engraved for Thomson's New General Atlas"
  • 1813 [dated] (9.2 MB)

  • 1814 (9.2 MB) from an 1814 Thomson atlas with a "No.32" label pasted outside the top right frame
    corner

  • 1817 (9.5 MB) from an 1817 Thomson atlas with a "No.32" label pasted outside the top right  frame
    corner. A second change from dated 1813 version: expanded forest cover etched on the plate

  • 1814 [dated] Archer (engraver) Robert Wilkinson (publisher): "POLAND," London, in a greatly-improved
    image (from 1.6 MB to 7.5 MB) from his "General Atlas of the World." See the 1808 and 1818 versions

  • New to this site: 1921 [dated] W. Główczewski (cartographer) - Graphical Dept. P.A.K.P.D. (publisher):      
    "A.R.A.E.C.F. POLAND P.A.K.P.D." (5.2 MB), Warsaw. ARA (American Relief Administration) was a  
    mission to Europe -- and later to post-revolutionary Russia -- formed, with a budget of a billion and a half
    dollars in today's money, by the U.S. Congress in February 1919, with future president Herbert Hoover as its
    director. It delivered more than four million tons of relief supplies to 23 war-torn European countries. 20% of  
    its resources were directed to the "Second Polish Republic," much of that going to "Polish" children without
    regard to ethnicity. In March 1919, the private ERC (European Children's Fund) was founded to manage   
    grants to children, with Hoover as its chairman. In January 1920, the Polish committee, headed by the wife of
    Paderewski, formed to advise American relief efforts, was renamed the Polish-American Children’s Relief
    Committee (Polsko-Amerykanski Komitet Pomocy Dzieciom) or PAKPD - Poles asked to include  
    “Amerykanski” in the name because the name commanded truth and respect. A sample weekly menu for the
    one meal daily given to children: Monday: rice with milk, sugar and bread. Tuesday: rice and pea soup with
    cocoa and bread. Wednesday: dumplings with bacon. Thursday: soup with beans and noodles. Friday: cocoa   
    and a double ration  of bread. Saturday: dumplings and beans. This map depicts, among other sites,   
    warehouses and child feeding locations within inter-war Poland, which includes the Vilnius area. I have been
    unable to find a similar map showing ARAECF sites in post-WWI Lithuania

  • (TownViewsVilnius):
  • New to this site: 1916, January: Vorstand der Vermessungsabteilung... (Head, Surveying Dept.,    
    City Building Office, in behalf of the German Lord Mayor): "Plan der Stadt Wilna" (9.0 MB),    
    Vilnius, published while the city was under German occupation, 1915-18
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2020
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
1921: Detail, "POLAND"
1813 and 1814
Detail: forest
cover
1817
Detail: forest
cover