LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,139 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     855 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     514 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     208 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      180 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       164 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      141 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       83 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        43 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       38 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
source attributions at the image.

July 21 adds: 10 maps; 1 detail image; 1 improved image

Next update: August 4

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.6%; 2. Latvia 17.3%; Lithuania: 15.8%; 4. Russia: 10.2%; 5. Other: 29.1%

  • 1562 Gastaldi (astronomer/engineer/cartographer): the bottom half of "Il Disegno de Geografia
    Moderna del Regno di Polonia..," Venice, of a two-sheet map of the Kingdom of Poland, generally
    recognized as the earliest map to focus on Poland, in an improved image (from 126 KB to 372 KB). Derived   
    from Mercator's 1554 map of Europe, the map was also likely influenced by the maps of Bernard Wapowski
    (1526) and Grodeckis published in 1548, now lost, but copied by Ortelius in 1570.  Paolo Forlani issued a
    subsequent edition of Gastadi's 2 sheet map in 1568

  • 1584 Portant (original mapmaker) - Ortelius (mapmaker/publisher) - Plantin (publisher): "LIVONIÆ
    NOVA DESCRIPTIO." (1 MB). One of three map images printed on one sheet from his "Theatrum Orbis  
    Terrarum."  The other two: "Pomeranianae, Wandalicae regionis typ."; "Ducatus Oswiczensis et Zatoriensis
    descriptio." Originally created by Portant in 1573

  • 1593 C. de Jode (engraver/publisher): "Poloniӕ Amplissimi Regni [Most noble Kingdom] ..Typvs
    Geographicvs" Antwerp, in three versions (1.2 MB, 1.0 MB, 320 KB) -- one uncolored, two colored -- from
    the second edition (of only two) of the de Jode atlas. This new map completely revised the map of Poland of    
    the 1578 edition: in addition to substantial cartographic changes, this edition added, at lower left, a portrait of   
    King Sigismund the Third (1566-1632), ruler of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 (noted on the
    map) to the year of his death. While highly regarded by scholars today, De Jode's atlas could not compete with
    Ortelius's

  • "Covens et Mortier" was an Amsterdam printing and publishing company founded by brothers-in-law  
    Johannes Covens and Cornelius Mortier, based on the business of Cornelius' father Pierre (1661-1711) which
    flourished 1721-74, although heirs continued the business until 1866. They published everything from wall  
    maps to town plans, pocket atlases, and re-issues of atlases by Sanson, Jaillot, Visscher, Delisle ("Atlas
    Nouveau," 1730 and later), Van der Aa ("Nouvel Atlas..," c1730 and "Atlas Portatif et Nouveau..," c1741), De
    Wit ("Atlas Maior," 1725 and later; "Atlas Antiquus," c1725), and many others.  This week I've added two new
    images published by Covens et Mortier of Delisle's Fifth state of "La Pologne. Dressee sur ce qu'en ont
    donne Starovolsk, Beauplan, Hartnoch, et autres auteurs. Rectifee par les observations
    d'Hevelius etc. Par Guillaume del'Isle, Geographe de l'Academie Royale des Sciences. A
    Amsterdam, Chez J. Covens et C. Mortier, Geographes. J. Condet schulpsit [engraver]," likely    
    from "Atlas Nouveau" (see the page "MapmakersA-F" under Delisle for images of all eight states of the
    cartouche):
  • 1736 (616 KB)
  • 1741 (.9 MB)

  • 1773 (dated) Utz (military cartographer): "Nova Mappa Geographica Regni Poloniӕ, Magni   
    Dvcatus Litvaniӕ Regni..," Nuremberg, in two versions (622 KB, 396 KB), depicting results of the First,
    1772, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Also a detail image of the second map (553 KB)

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • c1630 Blaeu (cartographer/publisher): "Europa recens descripta..." (1.3 MB), Amsterdam, in a
    second version with wildly different colored boundaries for Lithuania: this map was colored to show
    "Litvania" within the Russian Empire. The map also shows nine European cities across the top and local
    costumes along the sides, including those of the "Poloni"

  • (SeaCharts):
  • 1737 Strömcrona (chartmaker): "Hydrographisk PasßCharta öfver en dehl af Östersion..."         
    (.9 MB), Stockholm. Strömcrona was the successor to Peter Gedda, the first modern Swedish chartmaker
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
1630 Blaeu: "Europa..," with two
radically different boundaries for
"Litvania"