Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,780 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     823 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-def
  •     569 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     228 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     191 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      175 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      164 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      126 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •      100 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        64 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, July 8 - 14: 20 maps; 24 greatly-improved map images; 1 detail image; 1 new page, # 66:
"TopoMapsNewEastPrussia1808" -- now depicting this site's oldest topographical maps of Lithuania
and northeast Poland

Next update: August 4

July 17: Amsterdam Map Fair: see my "UpcomingMapFairs" page

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 55.5%; 2. Russia: 11.6%; 3. China: 7.7%; 4. Belarus: 5.0%; 5. Other: 20.2%

  • 1676 Speed (historian/mapmaker): "A Newe mape of Poland Done into English" (9.1 MB), London, in  
    a new version from the last edition of his "A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World." Originally
    published by George Humble in 1627, it was Britain's first printed atlas of the world, reissued under a variety   
    of publishers

  • 1710-11 G. & L. Valk (father and son engravers/publishers): "Regnum Poloniӕ divisum in Magnum
    Ducatum Lithuaniæ, Magnum parvam que Poloniam, Prussiam, albam et rubram Russiam,
    Volhyniam, Podoliam, Ukraniam...cum Privilegio" (9.1 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version of a map
    with the title above the frameline

  • 1728 Seutter (engraver/publisher): "Poloniæ Regnum ut et Magni Ducatus Lithuaniæ" (9.9 MB),
    Augsburg, in a new version of the third state of the plate. The first state has numbers, only, on the border
    scales. The second state has added letters to the border scales. The third state has additional verbiage not only
    as the last line of the cartouche: "SAC.CNS. MAJ. GEOGR. AUG." but an additional two lines of verbiage under
    the cartouche

  • 1770-72 von Pfau (publisher) - Glassbach (engraver): last week I uploaded a greatly-improved image of the
    map titled "Tabula Poloniӕ et Lituaniӕ Geographica minor," Berlin. It is the opening map with labeled keys   
    for a suite of 24 maps (what would have been the first map of 25 is Baltic Sea, only). This week I have uploaded
    greatly improved images of all 24 maps in the suite, each titled with only a Roman numeral. They are arranged
    on the page in correct geographical order:

  • "II" (from 2.2 to 9.4 MB)
  • "III" (from 2.5 to 9.5 MB)
  • "IV" (from 2.2 to 9.5 MB)
  • "V" (from 2.0 to 9.4 MB)
  • "VI" (from 2.4 to 9.7 MB)
  • "VII" (from 3.1 to 8.6 MB)
  • "VIII" (from 2.2 to 8.8 MB)
  • "IX" (from 2.8 to 9.5 MB)
  • "X" (from 2.4 to 9.0 MB)
  • "XI" (from 3.2 to 9.7 MB)
  • "XII" (from 2.6 to 9.1 MB)
  • "XIII" (from 752 KB to 9.3 MB)
  • "XIV" (from 853 KB to 9.6 MB)
  • "XV" (from 909 KB to 9.7 MB)
  • "XVI" (from 864 KB to 9.3 MB)
  • "XVII" (from 862 KB to 9.1 MB)
  • "XVIII" (from 2.6 to 9.2 MB)
  • "XIX" (from 2.9 to 9.2 MB)
  • "XX" (from 2.2 to 8.3 MB)
  • "XXI" (from 2.2 to 9.4 MB), the cartouche
  • "XXII" (from 1.8 to 8.5 MB)
  • "XXIII" (from 3.0 to 9.6 MB)
  • "XXIV" (from 2.3 to 8.3 MB)
  • "XXV" (from 1.9 to 9.3 MB)

  • (TopoMapsNewEastPrussia1808): New East Prussia (German: Neu Ostpreußen; Polish: Prusy
    Nowowschodnie; Lithuanian: Naujieji Rytprūsiai) was created after the Third, 1795, Partition of the Polish-
    Lithuanian Commonwealth, partially out of former Grand Duchy of Lithuania (GDL) lands -- including
    Augustavas (Polish: Augustów), and Suvalkija (Polish: Suwałki ). It lasted until 1807's Treaty of Tilsit
  • 1808 Sotzman (Kingdom Minister for War/geographer/mapmaker) - Kliewer (engraver):
    "Topographisch Militärische Karte, vom vormaligen Neu Ostpreußen oder dem jetzigen
    Nördlichen Theil des Herzogthums Warschau, nebst dem Russischen District...auf XV
    Blaetter reducirt..." (Topographical Military Map of the former New East Prussia or the
    present Northern part of the Duchy of Warsaw, together with the Russian District...
    reduced to 15 sheets), Berlin, in incredible detail

  • "Sect. I - Titel" (9.5 MB), depictng not only the title of the overall map, but also the northern-
    most border of New East Prussia: the Nemunas River, from "Jansbork oder Johansburg" (today's
    Pisz, Poland) to "Wilki" (today's Vilkija, Lithuania) with "Gielgudischken" (today's Gelgaudiškis,
    Lithuania) in-between, the ancestral home of British actor John Gielgud

  • "Sect. II" (9.7 MB), including "Wirballen" (Virbalis, Lithuania), Wilkowiszki" (Vilkaviškis,
    Lithuania), and "Marianpol" (Marijampolė, Lithuania)

  • "Sect. IIa" (8.1 MB), including the Nemunas from "Kauen" (Kaunas, Lithuania), south to "Punie"
    (Punia, Lithuania)

  • "Sect. III" (9.7 MB), with "Kalwary" (Kalvarija, Lithuania), and "Suwalki" (Suwałki, Poland)

  • "Sect. IIIa" (7.0 MB), depicting the Nemunas from "Olitta" (Alytus, Lithuania), to "Warwiszki"
    (Varviškė, Lithuania)

  • "Sect. IV" (9.3 MB), depicting the map key and "Szczuczyn," Poland; also, a detail image  (4.8  
    MB) of the key depicting placement of all the maps on this page

  • "Sect. V" (9.3 MB), with "Augustowo" (Lithuanian: Augustavas; Augustów, Poland)

  • "Sect. Va" (6.4 MB), with "Krynki" and "Grodek" (Gródek, Poland)

  • "Sect. VI" (9.9 MB), with "Thorn" (Toruń, Poland)

  • "Sect. VII" (9.8 MB), with "Chorzel" (Chorzele, Poland)

  • "Sect. VIII" (9.9 MB), with "Lomza" (Łomża, Poland)

  • "Sect. IX" (9.7 MB), with "Bialystok" (Białystok, Poland)

  • "Sect. IXa" (7.1 MB), with the Nemunas and "Grodno" (Гродна / Hrodna, Belarus)

  • "Sect. X" (9.4 MB), with the overall map's Legend, and "Plock," Poland

  • "Sect. XI" (9.2 MB), with the Vistula River and "Wyszogrod" (Wyszogród, Poland)

  • "Sect. XII" (9.4 MB), with overall mileage equivalents

  • "Sect. XIII" (9.3 MB), with "Bielsk" (Bielsk Podlaski, Poland)
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: