LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.




























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,690 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     749 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     486 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     190 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     164 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     147 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       107 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       55 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       36 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       27 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

February 5 adds: 5 maps; 2 detail images; 1 updated image; 1 recategorized map

Next update: February 12

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 25.1%; 2. Latvia: 15.9%; 3. Lithuania: 15.1%; 4. Poland: 7.8%; 5. Other: 36.1%
80% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, 5 minutes.

  • 1601 Ortelius (geographer/cartographer) - Galle (mapmaker/publisher) - A. & F. Arsenius (engravers) -
    Vrients (publisher) - Coignet (written commentary): "Polonia" (250 KB),  Antwerp, in a third version of a
    map from Ortelius'  landmark 1570 "Theatrum orbis terrarum" (Theatre of the world), re-drawn by his
    collaborator Galle for the first pocket atlas: "Epitome Theatri Ortelani," Antwerp, published by Vrients (who
    received rights to Ortelius' plates in 1601), in French, Latin, Italian and German editions, republished in
    authorized and plagiarized versions by various publishing houses until 1724

  • c1772 Nolin (publisher) - Longchamps (publisher): "Le royaume de Pologne comprenant les é
    tats de Pologne et de Lithuanie, divisez en provinces..." (170 KB), Paris. Longchamps repurposed a
    c1691 Nolin map to show, via coloring, territorial losses from the First, 1772, Partition. The cartouche was
    partially covered by a label explaining the new colors on the map. This map image, in a slightly inferior  
    version, was previously miscategorized as c1691 by a source, and so incorrectly located on this site

  • 1781 van Jagen (engraver/cartographer) - Covens et Mortier (publishers): "Carte Generale et    
    Itineraire de la Pologne" (427 KB), Amsterdam, showing lands lost in the First, 1772, Partition of the   
    Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • 1783 Robert de Vaugondy: "POLOGNE" (209 KB), in a fourth version dated 1782 (inexpertly changed from
    "1750"), but published later. The Robert de Vaugondys produced many atlases from 1740 to the end of the
    century. Apart from the large 'Atlas Universelle' and the small 'Atlas Militaire', they allowed their maps to be
    "licensed" by others

  • c 1800 G. Haas (engraver) - J. Decker (publisher): "Carte des Partages de la POLOGNE en 1772, 1793
    et 1795" in two versions ( 238 KB, 231 KB) of a map new to this site, along with two detail images of the second
    version

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795): 1453 - 1772:  Dussieux (historian/geographer/mapmaker): "Carte pour  
    servir a l'Histoire de la Pologne..." (3.7 MB), Paris, showing colored boundaries for the era of the
    "Jagellons," and for the Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1772, from his "Atlas General De Geographie
    Physique, Politique Et Historique." Casimir IV (Lith.: Kazimieras Jogailaitis) of the Jagiellonian dynasty was
    Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440, and King of Poland from 1447 until his death in 1492. His greatest  
    triumph: final destruction of the Teutonic Order

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795): 1919-39 Birštonas (compiler) - Silba (mapmaker): "Lithuania After The
    Czars: Interwar Period" (3.3 MB), in an updated (January 2016) version
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com