LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,924 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     757 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     611 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     242 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     195 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      179 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      173 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      129 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      105 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        49 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, January 6 -12:
  • 7 maps, 3 of which are "New to this site"
  • 1 new guide to correctly dating a map: Jaillot's "Estats de Pologne Subdivises suivant
    l'estendue des Palatinats Par Le Sr. Sanson..." at the "MapmakersG-J" page
  • 1 new resource for maps: Argosy Book Store

Next update: January 19

Whe
re do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 53.9%; 2. Russia: 13.6%; 3. Latvia: 7.4%; 4. Belarus: 4.9%; 5. Other: 20.2%

  • New to this site: 1681 Moll (engraver/mapmaker): "POLAND" (739 KB), London, from Sir Jonas    
    Moore's  "A New Geography, with Maps to each Country"

  • 1692 [dated] Jaillot (mapmaker/publisher): "Estats de Pologne Subdivises suivant l'estendue des
    Palatinats Par Le Sr. Sanson..." (4.1 MB), Paris, in a new version from "Atlas Nouveau." Much of Jaillot's
    output was based on maps by Nicolas Sanson reworked, at Jaillot's request in 1670, by Adrien and Guillaume
    Sanson. "Atlas Nouveau" was published in editions of 1681, '85,  '89, '92, '96 and '98. The 1692, '96 and '98
    editions were pirated by Amsterdam publisher Pierre Mortier  

  • c. 1692-1708 Jaillot (mapmaker) - Pierre Mortier (pirating publisher): "Estats de  Pologne Subdivises
    suivant l'estendue des Palatinats Par Le Sr. Sanson..." (759 KB), Amsterdam. Other publishers  
    copying Jaillot's plate, but making changes to the shapes of both cartouches, included William Berry in London
    and Johann Hoffman in Nuremberg

  • 1719 [dated] Senex (engraver/publisher): "POLAND and other of the Countries belonging to that
    Crowne, Accordingto the Newest Observations" (2.3 MB), London, in a new version of the 2nd edition,
    originally published by Morden & Browne in 1710. The remnants of the earlier printing , burnished out of the
    cartouche, are still evident. The map is "Most humbly Inscribd to The  Hon.ble Collonel Charles Cathcart,
    Groom of the  Bed Chamber to His Royal Highness the Prince"

  • c. 1721 Jaillot (mapmaker) - Covens & Mortier (pirating publishers): "Estats de Pologne, Subdivises  
    suivant l'estendue des Palatinats Par Le Sr. Sanson..." (14.8 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version from
    the publishing firm founded 1721 by Pierre Mortier's son Cornelis and Johannes Covens I

  • New to this site: 1884 G. O'Grady: (engineer/teacher/mapmaker at the Cassel War School) - Verlag
    Theodore Fischer (engraver/publisher): "Handkarte von  Russisch-Polen und den angrenzenden
    Gouvernements" (9.6 MB), Cassel (today's Kassel, Germany)

  • New to this site: 1915 Oskar Eulitz Verlag (publisher): "Kriegskarte Westliches Russland und
    angrenzende mitteleuropäische Gebiete" (War map of Western Russia and neighboring
    Central European areas) (12.9 MB), Lissa, Germany (today's Leszno, Poland), depicting, among other
    things, forts -- including those around "Kowno"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com