Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,888 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     757 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     611 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     235 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     193 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      178 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      172 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      127 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      101 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        48 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, October 28 - November 10: 12 maps; 1 greatly-improved map image; 2 town views; 1 new  
map resource:

Also: I will be awarding a prize, in Vilnius on November 22, for an original map -- by a
resident of Lithuania -- depicting an environmental problem in Lithuania. Details, in
Lithuanian, at
Kapociunas Map Award

Next update: December 8

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
USA: 57.5%; 2. Russia: 10.3%; 3. Ukraine: 6.1%; 4. Latvia: 5.7%; 5. Other: 20.4%

  • 1540 Ptolemy (original cartographer) - Münster (revising cartographer) - Henrichum Petrum (publisher):
    "POLONIA ET VNGARIA  XV NOVE TABVLA," Basel, in a greatly improved (from 224 KB to 2.9 MB)
    image of an uncolored woodblock print from the first edition of Münster's "Geographia Universalis." A reprint   
    of the atlas was issued in 1542, and then two later editions, in 1545 and 1552, added maps. The "Geographia"
    was a prelude to his major work, the "Cosmographia"

  • c. 1556 Ptolemy (original cartographer) - Münster (revising cartographer): "Landtafel des Ungerlands   
    / Polands / Preussen / Littaw / Walachei unnd [sic] Bulgarei" (345 KB), Basel, in a new version of a
    woodblock print, with German text on the verso, from his Ptolemy-based "Cosmographey oder Beschreibung
    ..." Münster's "Cosmographia" was published in nearly 30 editions in six languages 1544-78, and was then
    revised and reissued by Sebastian Petri from 1588 to 1628

  • 1759 Le Rouge (publisher): "Grand Duché de Lithuanie" (397 KB), Paris, from "Atlas Nouveau portatif,     
    à l'usage des militaires et du voyageur," first published in 1748, with additional editions in 1756 and 1767. The
    colorist of this version appears to have had no idea what the "palatinats" were, or their boundaries

  • 1769 [dated] Crépy Family (engravers/publishers): “Le Royaume de Pologne: comprenant le
    Royaume de Prusse, les Duchés de Lithuanie et de Curlande" (8.0 MB), Paris

  • c. 1770 Seutter (original publisher) - Probst (publisher): "Poloniæ Regnum ut et Magni Ducatus
    Lithuaniæ" (9.9 MB), Augsburg, in the Fourth State, with Probst's attribution in the Baltic Sea: he bought
    half of Seutters plates in 1762. See maps dated 1727-28 for examples of the first three states

  • (TopoMapsPolish1915-39): I've uploaded four brand-new Polish topographical maps, two each of two sections
    out of a total of six made at 1:750 000, created under the title "Królestwo Polskie i przyległe prowincye  
    Austryi,  Niemiec i Rosyi" (Kingdom of Poland and the adjacent provinces of Austria, Germany and Russia)
    that, together, depict today's northeast Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, southern  Lithuania, and western
    Belarus  just after the beginning of World War I, and just after the Versailles Treaty, when boundaries were still
    in flux. See the changes in each map pair:
  • c. 1915 "Sek. II: Warszawa, Suwałki, Królewiec" (9.6 MB)

  • c. 1915 "Sek. III: Wilno, Brześć Litewski, Mińsk" (8.7 MB)

  • c. 1920 "Sek. II: Warszawa, Suwałki, Królewiec" (9.7 MB)

  • c. 1920 "Sek. III: Wilno, Brześć Litewski, Mińsk (9.1 MB)

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor): 1825 Schlieben (geographer) - Goschen (publisher): "VIII. PROV:
    OSTPREUSSEN,"  from "Atlas von Europa nebst den Kolonien..," Leipzig, published 1825-30 in 15 parts in
    three volumes. It was created for businessmen, and included outline hand-colored maps and extensive
    descriptive text:
  • "Reg: Bez: 1 Königsberg" (2.9 MB)

  • "Reg: Bez: 2 Gumbinnen" (2.6 MB)

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • 1919 [dated] A.J. Nystrom and Co. (publisher): "[The New] Europe" (9.0 MB), Chicago, with "New
    political boundaries shown by red lines." A unique interpretation of post-WWI boundaries, with   "Dwinsk"
    (Daugavpils) within Lithuania, and no Latvia at all on the map, "Esthonia" having been   assigned
    whatever the mapmaker didn't give to Lithuania

  • c. 1920 Société De Cartes Géographiques Berne (mapmaker) - Librairie Payot (publisher): [Detail]
    Carte Générale de L'Europe" (2.8 MB), Lausanne, detail of the Baltic States area from a 132 MB
    image. Another example of mapmakers guessing at post-WWI borders

  • (TownViewsN-U):
  • 1721 Bodenehr (engraver/publisher): "REVEL, anderer Prospect" (827 KB), Augsburg, depicting  
    Talinn, whose German name was more frequently known as "Reval," not "Revel"

  • (TownViewsV-Z):
  • 1808 Peška (artist): "Vilniaus Didžioji gatvė su Šv. Kazimiero bažnyčia" (Vilnius Great
    Street with St. Church of Casimir) (475 KB), watercolor
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
Key: c. 1915-20
"Królestwo Polskie..."
c. 1770 Probst 4th state
Detail, 1919
Baltic States
Detail, c. 1920
Baltic States