Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,628 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     832 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     232 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     189 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      173 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      158 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      112 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        93 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        64 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        49 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, February 10 - 15: 10 maps; 2 greatly-improved images

Next update: February 24

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 61.6%; 2. Russia: 12.0%; 3. China: 4.8%; 4. Latvia: 4.2%; 5. Other: 17.4%

  • 1658 Gudicanus (mapmaker) - Kinckius (publisher): "Nova Descriptio Totius Regni POLONICI Nec
    non. Magni Ducatus LITHUANIÆ..." (282 KB), Köln, in a new version with a brightly-colored shape of    
    an eagle with a crown: "Aquila Polonica." The map appeared in Gudicanus' "Borussi-Polonia, sive nova regni
    Poloniæ, in Aquila, ejusdem regni insigni, descriptio et chorographia..."

  • 1782 Kitchin (engraver): "Poland, Lithuania and Prussia" (293 KB), London, in a new uncolored   
    version. Kitchin is identified as the engraver in the lower right of the plate, below the frameline

  • 1788 Schraembl (cartographer) - Schalbacher (publisher): "Generalkarte von Polen, Litauen, und den
    Angraenzenden Landern," Vienna, as four joined sheets in a greatly-improved image (from 344KB to 9.6
    MB). Also the four individual maps in higher magnification (2.7, 2.5, 2.7, 2.9 MB). They're all from
    "Allgemeiner Grosser Schrämblischer Atlas." Credit in the cartouche is given to Zannoni, Folin, Pfau and Uz

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor): two images, one an individual map, one a composite which includes the previous map,
    from cartographer Franz Anton Schrämbl's "Algemeiner Grosser Atlas," published in Vienna by Schalbacher,
    begun in 1786, completed in 1800
  • 1800 "Ost Preussen I. Bl.," depicting the Memelland, in an improved image (from 1.1 MB to 2.4 MB)
  • 1800 "Ost Preussen" (9.5 MB), in a large composite map which includes the map mentioned above,  
    and depicts all of Lithuania Minor/East Prussia

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795):
  • c1922 "The Western Historical Boundaries of Poland" (322 KB), Poznan, in a propaganda post-
    card that I'm certain convinced no one, despite the Polish eagle overprint, that Poland has a historical
    claim to Prague

  • (SeaCharts): two very early Russian sea charts based on earlier Swedish maps:
  • 1703 Picart (Dutch engraver working in Moscow under Adriaan Schoonebeeck) - [Москва]
    Оружейная  палата (Moscow Armory) (publisher): "Новые розмерные картачасть
    Балтийское море   = Niewe Paskaart voor een Gedeelte van de Oost-Zee" (New Map of  
    Part of the Baltic Sea) (1.7 MB), Moscow. One of the first Russian nautical charts, and one of the first
    maps -- with an inset --   to depict St. Petersburg

  • 1705 Schoonebeeck (engraver) - [Москва] Оружейная  палата (Moscow Armory) (publisher):   
    "Часть Съ начала Восточнаго Моря..." (Map of part of the Eastern Sea...) (1.5 MB),
    Moscow. Includes the islands of "Dagö" (today's Hiiumaa) and Ezel/Ösel (today's Saaremaa)
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: