LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 
In 2010, Richard Butterwick, in
Central Europe, Vol. 8 No. 2, wrote of "...the successor states, nations,
and nation-states of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland,
Russia, and Israel (to name but the principal ones)."
 My focus here is the area represented today by the
three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors  
are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.






























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Other sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Other sites with high-definition maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date (site launched 2008):
  • 4,190 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     719 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     643 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in high definition
  •     263 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     207 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1943 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      188 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      183 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      145 maps of European Russia, 1550 to 1948, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      114 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        59 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 to 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        55 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        27 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, September 14 - 20:
  • 10 maps, 4 of which are "New to this site"
  • 2 detail, higher-magnification -- images of those maps
  • 1 new town view

Next update: September 27

Whe
re do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 69.5%; 2. Russia: 9.4%; 3. Latvia: 9.0%; 4. Other: 12.1%

  • c. 1577 Portant (original mapmaker, in 1573) - Ortelius (re-engraver) - Galle (second re-engraver,    
    reducing Ortelius' plate, and publisher): "Livonia nuoa de scriptio Ioanne Portantio auctore" (540
    KB), Antwerp, in a new version from the first French edition of "Le Miroir du Monde"

  • 1598 Grodeckis (original cartographer/engraver) -Pograbski (correcting cartographer) - Ortelius
    (publisher): "POLONIÆ, LITVANIÆ Q. DESCRIPTIO..." (378 KB), Amsterdam or Antwerp, in a new
    version from "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," the first modern atlas. Ortelius collected the best available maps   
    and had them re-engraved to a uniform size. It also is the first printed book of any kind to footnote sources.   
    This is the first issue of Ortelius’s second map of Poland and Lithuania, which replaced the earlier plate
    illustrated on the previous page on this site. The title has been changed and the cartouche redesigned, and   
    there are alterations to the geography, particularly on the right-hand (eastern) side of the map. Sources which
    say the corrections/additions first appeared in 1598 are mistaken, and I've had to re-date many of the
    examples of this map. A guide to dating this map is on this page

  • 1690 Coronelli (geographer/mapmaker): "LITUANIA Dedicata All 'Illustrissimo Signore..." (1.0    
    MB), Venice, in a new version from his "Atlante Veneta." The map also appeared in some versions of   
    Coronelli's "Isolare Descrittione"

  • c. 1701 Morden (geographer/publisher): "Poland, by Robt. Morden" (180 KB), London, in a version from
    the Atlas "Miniatur Mordens"

  • 1710 G. & L. Valk (father and son engravers/publishers): "Regnum Poloniӕ divisum in Magnum
    Ducatum Lithuaniæ, Magnum parvam que Poloniam, Prussiam, albam et rubram Russiam,
    Volhyniam, Podoliam, Ukraniam...cum Privilegio" (1.8 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version

  • c. 1797 J.W. Engelmann II (mapmaker/engraver): "Pohlen und Litauen nach den Theilungs Jahren
    1772, 1795, und 1796" (1.1 MB), Vienna, in a new version likely from F.A. Schrämbl's "Allgemeiner Grosser
    Atlass," published 1786 - 1800. Austrian, Prussian, and Russian representatives (no one representing the
    Commonwealth!) met on October 24, 1795, to dissolve the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. A treaty was
    finally signed January 26, 1797

  • New to this site: 1927 [dated] Miklaszewski (soil scientist/mapmaker): "Mapa Gleb Litwy" (Soil Map
    of Lithuania) (298 KB), Warsaw, along with two detail images: the cartouche (103 KB), and legend (136 KB)
    published within a paper presented at the 1927 World Congress of Soil Science, Washington, DC.

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • New to this site: 1875 Handtke (cartographer/engraver) - Carl Flemming (publisher): "OST-
    PREUSSEN" (3.9 MB), Glogau, from the 6th Comprehensive edition of the "Sohr-Berghaus Hand-Atlas
    der neuen Erdbeschreibung in 100 Blattern." "Sohr" was the fictitious name Handtke originally used to
    hide his youth and inexperience. Heinrich Berghaus, who had made a minor contribution to the atlas  in
    1846, objected to the continuing prominent use of his name, but the "Sohr-Berghaus" atlas had  achieved
    "brand" value, and Flemming continued to use it. Compare this map with the 1888 version

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • New to this site: c. 1775 "Russia in Europe" (734 KB), England, not showing Russia's annexation of
    Grand Duchy lands in the First, 1772, Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • (SeaChartsBaltic):
  • New to this site: 1854 Willmer & Rogers (publisher): "Chart of the North and Baltic Seas &c. :  
    Showing the lines of steam boat communications, soundings, &c." (9.0 MB), New York, with
    inset maps of harbors including "Revel" (today's Tallinn)

  • (TownViewsN-U):
  • New to this site: c. 1600 Either J. Hondius the Elder, or Bertius (mapmaker/engraver): "Riga"     
    (595 KB)
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2020
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com