Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,629 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     740 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     486 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     186 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     160 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     147 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       104 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       36 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       26 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

November 20 adds: 9 maps; 1 improved image
Next update: December 4

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 24.2%; 2. Latvia: 17.6%; 3. Lithuania: 16.1%; 4. Poland: 7.1%; 5. Other: 35.0%
73% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, over 6 minutes.

  • 1600 Matal (legal scholar/mapmaker) - Quad (publisher): "POLONIA LITHANIA LIVONIA" (287 KB). The
    map is derived from Mercator's work, with North on right. Compare with the 1596 version next to it

  • 1603 Ortelius (cartographer) - Galle (mapmaker) - Vrients (publisher/plate owner) - Shawe (London  
    publisher) : "POLONIA" (286 KB), from  a London edition of a map originally from Ortelius' landmark 1570
    "Theatrum orbis terrarum" (Theatre of the world), re-drawn by his collaborator Galle for the first pocket  
    atlas: "Epitome Theatri Ortelani." Vrients received rights to Ortelius' plates in 1601, and there followed
    authorized and unauthorized/plagiarized editions in French, Latin, Italian and German, by various publishing
    houses until 1724. This new image is  from the atlas "Abraham Ortelius - his epitome of the theater  of the
    worlde. Nowe latlye ... renewed and augmented"

  • 1635 Mercator (geographer/astronomer/globe-maker/engraver,/cartographer/mathemati
    cian/publisher)  - Hondius Family (engravers/globe-makers/publishers): "Lithuania" [with the
    page title "Dvkdome of Lithvania"] (161 KB), London. Compare with the 1637 colored version beside it

  • 1680 Pitt (publisher): "Magni Ducatus Lithuaniae Caetrarumq Regionum illi Adiacentium exacta
    decrip..." (2.4 MB), in a second version of a late re-issue of Jansson's single sheet version, itself based on
    Blaeu's version of Hessel Gerritsz''s 1613 map. Pitt's plan for a 12-volume atlas ended in bankruptcy after the
    fourth volume had been published.  After seven years in prison, he published "The Cry of the Oppressed: Being
    a True and Tragical Account of the Unparallel'd Sufferings of Multitudes of Poor Imprison'd Debtors In Most of
    the Gaols in England"

  • 1681 Moore (mathematician/surveyor/mapmaker): "POLAND," London, in an improved image (from 167
    KB to 257 KB)

  • 1717 de Fer (engraver/cartographer/publisher): "ESTATS DE LA COURONNE DE POLOGNE" (322  
    KB), Paris, in a second version from his "Atlas Curieux," first published in 1700

  • 1764 Robert de Vaugondy Family (mapmakers): "POLOGNE" (307 KB), in a third version, this one "in  
    modern color," according to the source, from " Geographie," which used maps from de Vaugondy's octavo
    "Atlas Portatif." The "modern colorist" misapplied color to "Palat. de Bressicie," showing that it was not part of
    the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, when, in fact, it was, from 1566 to 1795

  • 1772 Bell: "A MAP of POLAND, with the APPENDAGES shewing" (228 KB), in a second version from
    Gentlemens Magazine. All three maps of this type, including the one from "Scots Magazine," have the wrong
    boundaries for loss of land by the Grand Duchy in the First, 1772 , Partition: less than a quarter of Minsk
    province actually was lost,  and that section did not include the city of Minsk

  • 1793 Lotter (engraver/publisher): "MAPPA GEOGRAPHICA, ex novifsimis obfervationibus
    in a second version of a map  originally created to reflect the results of the First, 1772, Partition. The plate has
    been altered to reflect the Second, 1793, Partition (see the bottom left, along the margin), and colored

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope): c1660 Visscher (engraver/mapmaker/publisher): "Europa delineata et  
    recens edita..." (5.7 MB),  Amsterdam. "LITHVANIA" is shown as completely separate from "POLONIA,"
    and it includes "Samogitia," "Russia  Rubra" and "Podolia," and extends to the Black Sea

200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: