Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,178 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     861 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     514 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     208 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      180 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       165 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      143 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       85 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        43 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       39 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

September 15 adds: 8 maps; 8 detail images; 1 improved image

Next update: September 22

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 26.7%; 2. Lithuania: 18.9%; Latvia: 17.2%; 4. Poland: 5.7%; 5. Other: 31.5%

  • 1593 C. de Jode (son of Gerard and an engraver/publisher in his own right): "PRVSSIÆ REGIONIS
    SARMATIÆ..." (1.7 MB), Antwerp, from Vol. 2 of his 1593 "Speculum Orbis Terrarum." The map's  
    geography is based on Caspar Henneberger’s 1576 woodcut map of Prussia. The de Jode's were not-as-
    successful, but generally superior, contemporaries of Ortelius, who used his political connections in Antwerp to
    continually obstruct their success. After the death of Cornelius, the de Jode plates were acquired by Vrients

  • 1772 Sayer (mapmaker/publisher): "The Kingdom of Poland and Great Dutchy of Lithuania, with
    all their Divisions" (1.9 MB), London, in a third version. After Sayer's death, Laurie & Whittle changed the
    title and reissued the map as "A New Map Of The Kingdom of Poland with its Dismembered Provinces and the
    Kingdm. Of Prussia...1794"

  • 1813 Porter (Scottish author) - Neele (engraver/publisher) -Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown
    (London publisher): two folding maps on cloth created to illustrate Sir Robert Ker Porter's book: "Narrative of
    the Campaign in Russia during the year 1812." The start of the war against the Empire of Russia? "The light
    troops arriving at Kovna at great force, and falling unexpectedly upon on a body of Cossacs who occupied that
    town, drove them out with terrible slaughter. Thus, in this spot, were hostilities commenced!"  Google the book
    by author and title, and you will get the full narrative.
  • "Advance of the French Army to Moscow" (5.1 MB)
  • "Retreat of the French Army from Moscow to the bank of the Neiman" (4.8 MB)

  • Two maps created 1915, published after the 1919 Paris Peace Conference: Compiled at the Royal
    Geographical Society under the direction of the Geographical Section, General Staff, drawn and printed by the
    Ordnance Survey. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the
    spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background
    information for use by British delegates to the conference. "Maps of Poland," in which the above two maps
    appeared, is  Number 49 in a series of studies produced by the section. The book contains eight foldout maps,  
    six from the General Map of Europe: regions around six major cities in or near what would become the newly
    independent Polish Republic: Berlin, Warsaw, Minsk, Vienna, Krakau (Krakow), and Jitomir (Zhytomyr,
    Ukraine). (Also included is an “Ethnographical Map of Central and South Eastern Europe,” which I now   
    have uploaded to  this site.) A focus of both maps below are railways by number of tracks and gauge, and
  • "(WARSAW) VARSHAVA North No. 34" (363 KB), with three detail images: the area from  
    Königsberg to Kovna" (608 KB); the legend, in two images (231 and 271 KB). German and Russian topo
    and railway maps are listed as source material
  • "MINSK North No. 35" (398 KB), with two detail images: the area from "Rumshishki" to "Vina" and
    "Dvinsk" (460 KB); the legend (126 KB). Austrian and German topo and railway maps are listed as   
    source material

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1916 Royal Geographic Society (map compiler) - Ordnance Survey (printer): "Ethnographical Map  
    of Central and South Eastern Europe" (246 KB), London, along with two detail images (313,         
    342 KB) of lands of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and a detail image of the legend (54 KB). From   
    "Maps of Poland, Number 49." See ethnic boundaries for the area of the former Grand Duchy of  
    Lithuania, and that the Memelland is shown as being ethnically Lithuanian

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1757 [dated 1753] D. Robert de Vaugondy (mapmaker/publisher): "Partie Septentrionale de la  
    Russie Européenne où sont distinguées exactement toutes les Provinces, d’apres le     
    détail de l’Atlas Russien..." Paris, in an improved image (from 361 KB to 1.7 MB). The map was  
    drawn in 1753  from new surveys, and published in the 1757 edition of his "Atlas Universel." The new
    image has allowed me to eliminate two detail images

  • 1760 John Trusscott (John/Johann Treskot/Truskot/Trescott/Tresscott/Truscott -- a Scotsman    
    who worked on commissions for Empress Catherine): "Tabula Geographica Imperii Russici..."
    (1.1 MB), St. Petersburg, while in the Department of Geography of St. Petersburg's Imperial Academy    
    of Sciences. He compiled many maps for the academy from 1740 - 1780
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: