LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,282 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     857 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     563 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     213 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     182 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      166 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      145 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       90 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        44 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •      43 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •      21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •        0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

December 8 adds: 11 maps. This week's adds are a bit Prussia-centric

Next update: December 16

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 24.5%; 2. Lithuania: 20.9%; 3. Latvia: 19.0%; 4. Russia: 6.3%; 5. Other: 29.3%

Caspar (Gaspar/Kaspar) Henneberger (Henneberg/Hennenbergen), 1529-1600, was a Prussian Lutheran pastor,
historian, and cartographer. He is known for two maps: "Livonia," 1555 -- now lost, believed to be a source used by
Jan Portant and M. Ambrosius; "Prussiæ," 1576, in nine sheets, woodcut by C. Felbinger, which was the most   
detailed map of the area for many decades. It was used as the basis for maps published by Ortelius, De Jode,   
Hondius, the Blaeu's, Jan Jansson and Visscher. Pre-existing on this site are seven Prussia maps credited to
Henneberger: by Ortelius (2), 1584; De Jode (2), 1593; Blaeu, 1634; Jansson, 1640; Visscher, 1681. You'll find      
many sources on the Internet with an image of  a map of Prussia they date 1576, and credit only to Henneberger --
they are all mistakes: much later and improved versions published by others. I have not been able to find an online
digital copy of Henneberger's original map, but I have found a map of Prussia by Henneberger published in a book     
by him in 1584 (uploaded this week), and its simplicity demonstrates how much Henneberger's was improved and
enhanced by Ortelius and subsequent publishers:

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1584 Henneberger: "Des Preusserlan..." (The Prussians...in pre-history) (163 KB),   
    Königsberg, from his illustrated history of Prussia. He describes and illustrates the Baltic tribes and their
    territories in prehistoric times: Scalavonia, Nadravia, Zambia, Natangia, Bartonia, Sudavia, Varmia,
    Galindia, Pomesania, and Vlmigania

  • 1584 Henneberger - Ortelius (mapmaker/atlas compiler): "PRVSSIÆ..." (110 KB), Antwerp, in a third
    different version from his "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," depicting historic Prussia, and
    the Memel/Klaipeda area of today's Lithuania

  • 1606 Henneberger - Ortelius: "PRVSSIÆ..." (122 KB), from his "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum"

  • 1630 Henneberger - W. Blaeu (cartographer/publisher): "PRVSSIÆ NOVA TABVLÆ" (5.0 MB),
    Amsterdam, from Blaeu's first atlas: "Atlantis Appendix..."

  • 1645 Henneberger - W. Blaeu: "PRVSSIA ACCVRATE DESCRIPTA..." Amsterdam, in two versions (3.5
    MB, 2.2 MB)

  • 1665 Henneberger - W. Blaeu: "PRVSSIÆ ACCVRATE DESCRIPTA..." (2.6 MB),  Amsterdam, from
    Blaeu's  "Atlas Maior"

  • 1690 Henneberger - N.J. II Visscher (publisher): "Tabula PRUSSIÆ eximia cura conscripta..." (3.5
    MB) Amsterdam, from his "Atlas Minor." Like the 1681 Visscher version, the map has an inset town view of
    Konigsberg (no umlaut in the map's spelling)

  • (TopoMapsPol1920-39):
  • 1921-38 Polish 1:100 000 topographical maps created by the Wojskowy(-kownego) Instytut(-u)
    Geograficzny(-nego) (WIG), Warszawa. These new three maps cover part of "Lithuania Minor," in    
    today's Russian Kaliningrad Oblast. All are reprints of German maps, with all explanatory information
    around the frame in Polish. The titles include a different, German, numbering. Most place-names are
    German-language variants:

  • 1928 "P30 S32 51. Wehlau (Welawa)" (8.8 MB) (Lithuanian: Vėluva) was renamed by the
    Soviets "Znamensk - Зна́менск​ " after WWII. The site was originally an Old Prussian fort, with a
    nearby settlement named Velowe, home to a very large oak tree, considered sacred by the locals.     
    It survived at least until 1595, when it was mentioned in a book about Prussia by Caspar
    Henneberger, a German Lutheran pastor, historian and cartographer of Prussia

  • 1932 "P30 S34 53 Gumbinnen (Gąbin)" (8.7 MB) (Lithuanian: Gumbinė; Gusevsk,  
    Gusayev, Gumbinen, Gussew) was renamed "Gusev - Гу́сев" by the Soviets after WWII, in
    honour of Red Army captain, Sergei Ivanovich Gusev, killed in action near Gumbinnen in January
    1945. Before the 18th century, a majority of inhabitants were Prussian Lithuanians, and it was    
    home to Kristijonas Donelaitis (1714–1780) a Prussian Lithuanian Lutheran pastor and poet

  • 1932 "P30 S33 52 Insterburg (Wystruć)" (8.8 MB) (Lithuanian: Įsrutis) was renamed
    "Chernyakhovsk - Черняхо́вск" by the Soviets after WWII in honor of the Soviet World War II
    General of the Army, Ivan Chernyakhovsky, commander of the 3rd Belorussian Front that took
    Kaunas on August 1, 1944 and then continued to East Prussia, where he died, at 38, from wounds
    received near Königsberg
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
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LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com