Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,668 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     828 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     568 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     233 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     189 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      174 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      159 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      116 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        95 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        64 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        49 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, March 11 - 17: 13 maps; 1 improved image

My English-language article:
"The Maps and Mapmakers that Helped Define 20th Century
Lithuanian Boundaries - Part 5: The Role of Ethnic Maps and their Makers in
Determining Lithuania’s Post WWI Borders,"
is now available  for you to read, download and

Next update: March 24

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 60.0%; 2. Russia: 11.3%; 3. China: 6.2%; 4. Latvia: 5.6%;  5. Other: 16.9%

  • 1679-80 Sanson (original mapmaker) - Visscher (publisher): "Tabula nova totius REGNI POLONIÆ.   
    in quo sunt Ducatus et Provinciae Prussia, Cujavia, Mazovia, Russia Nigra, &c. DUCATUS
    LITHUANIA, UKRANIA, &c..." (1.8 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version. Visscher had Sanson's 1655 map
    copied and published as his own

  • 1697 [dated] Fer, de (geographer/publisher) - Iselin (engraver): "Les Estats de la Couronne de  
    Pologne," Paris, in an improved image (from 232 KB to 319 KB) from the first edition of Fer's "Petit et
    Nouveau Atlas"

  • 1705 [dated] Fer, de (geographer/publisher) - Iselin (engraver): "Les Estats de la Couronne de  
    Pologne," Paris, in two new versions (2.1 MB, 1.1 MB) from the second edition of de Fer's "Petit et Nouveau
    Atlas," whose third and last edition was published in 1723. I've found no example of his map with that date --
    have you? If not, I suspect the third edition had this map with the 1705 date

  • 1714 Buffier (geographer) - Du Bois (engraver/publisher): "La Pologne suivant les degrés de
    l'academie des sciences de Paris" (1.1 MB), Leiden, from "De la Geographie moderne d'Abraham Du   

  • 1781 Brion de la Tour (geographer/cartographer) - de Laporte (publisher): "Carte générale de la
    POLOGNE avec tous les Etats qui y sont annexés" (446 KB), Paris, in a new version from his "Atlas
    Moderne Portatif," which had additional editions published in 1786, 1801 and 1814

  • 1784 Kitchin (mapmaker/engraver): "POLAND with its Dismember'd Provinces," London, in two  
    images (321 and 255 KB), each showing half the map, depicting lands lost in the First, 1772, Partition of the
    Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • (TopoMapsRussian1861-1945):
  • 1940 maps at 1:500 000 made by RKKA (Red/Soviet Army) map services
  • O-34-Г [Latin G] Лиепая (Liepaja North) (2.2 MB)
  • O-34-Г Лиепая (Liepaja South) (2.8 MB)
  • O-35-B [Latin V] Рига (Riga North) (2.9 MB)
  • O-35-B Рига (Riga South) (3.0 MB)

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • 1925 Dr. H. Haack (atlas editor) - Justes Perthes (publisher): "Ostpreußen" (4.9 MB), Gotha, from    
    "Stieler's Atlas of Modern Geography, Tenth (Centenary) Edition." Notable for all the dotted line borders
    between the Memelland and Lithuania, as well as for labelling "Polangen" as part of Kurland, but coloring
    it within Lithuanian borders. Under the Treaty of Versailles after World War I, Klaipėda and the
    surrounding region were made a protectorate of the Entente States. The French became provisional
    administrators of the region until a more permanent solution could be worked out. Lithuania and Poland
    campaigned for their rights in the region, but Lithuanians staged the Klaipėda Revolt in January 1923,
    took the region by force, and presented the Entente with a fait accompli. The French offered only limited
    resistance, and the League of Nations protested, but accepted the transfer in February 1923. As regards
    Palanga, after the breakup of the Russian Empire, Palanga became a part of Latvia in 1919. In 1921 it   
    was peacefully transferred to Lithuania following a Lithuanian-Latvian treaty giving  Lithuania, at the
    time, its first access to the sea, as well as 21 km of coastline, with Latvia receiving about 120 square km   
    of territories in the country's southeast in return

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • 1582 Semkowicz (historian) - Kulicki (mapmaker): "Carte de la République de Pologne à the
    époque Etienne Batory (1582)" (9.1 MB), created in "Cracovie," published 1934 in "The Events of  
    the International Congress of Geography," Warsaw.  The map accompanied the paper "Le rôle des
    facteurs géographiques dans la structure territoriale de l'ancienne Pologne." Hungarian Stephen Báthory
    (Polish: Stefan Batory; Lithuanian: Steponas Batoras) was Voivode of Transylvania (1571–1576),   
    Prince of Transylvania (1576–1586), and the husband of Queen Anna Jagiellon (Polish: Anna  
    Jagiellonka; Lithuanian: Ona Jogailaitė), and King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1576–1586).
    Notice the position of "Piltyn" (today's Piltene, Latvia), part of -- or a fief of -- the Polish-Lithuanian
    Commonwealth from 1585 - 1795, interrupted by occupations by Sweden and Russia

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1856 James Wyld Junior (cartographer/publisher): "The Russian & Ottoman empires, Sweden,  
    Denmark, Prussia & Austria, Shewing the Russian territorial enlargements by various
    treaties" (8.7 MB), London. While focused on depicting the proposed boundary between Russia &   
    Turkey at the end of the Crimean War, the map also accurately shows the dates and areas of Russian
    territorial acquisitions, including from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Crimean War pitted
    Russia, the eventual loser, vs. an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain, and Sardinia. The
    immediate cause: the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, then a part of the Ottoman Empire.
    The French promoted the rights of Roman Catholics, while Russia promoted those of the Eastern
    Orthodox Church  
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: