Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,141 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     852 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     514 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     208 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •      178 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •       165 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •      141 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       83 maps of European Russia, 1596 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •         59 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •        43 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       38 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

August 4 adds: 5 maps; 1 detail image; 1 town view

Next update: August 18

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 28.0%; 2. Latvia 17.1%; Lithuania: 15.0%; 4. Russia: 9.7%; 5. Other: 30.2%

  • c1680 Pitt (co-publisher) - Johannes I J. van Waesbergen (co-publisher): "Magni Dvcatvs Lithvaniæ
    Caetrarumq Regionum illi Adiacentium exacta decrip..." (1.4 MB), Amsterdam, in a third version of  
    a late re-issue of Janssonius' single sheet version (Blaeu also issued a single-sheet version),  itself based on
    Blaeu's four-sheet version of Hessel Gerritsz's 1613 map

  • c1731 Seutter (engraver/publisher): "Livoniæ et Curlandiæ Ducatus cum Insulis Adjcentib.  
    Mappa Geographica Exhibiti..." (1.4 MB), Augsburg. Note the detail image of "Priv." under the bottom
    frame line, awarded to Seutter -- whose maps were mostly copies of earlier work done by the Homann and  
    Delisle firms -- in 1731

  • 1787 de la Tour (French priest/literary critic/poet/playwright/mapmaker): "Carte Generale de la
    POLOGNE avec tous les Etats qui y sont annexés..." (338 KB), from "Atlas ou Collection de Cartes
    Geographiques pour l'Intelligence du Voyageur Francois." I've placed the image next to the two 1786 versions
    from "Atlas Portatif"

  • c1790 N. I Sanson (original mapmaker) -  G. Sanson (revising mapmaker) - Jaillot (publisher): "Estats de
    Pologne subdivisés suiuant l'estendue des palatinats" (1 MB), Paris, from "Atlas nouveau, contenant
    toutes les parties du monde..."

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • 1541 Waldseemüller (original mapmaker) - Fries (reducing mapmaker/publisher): "SARMATIA"   
    (183 KB), in an uncolored version from Fries' "Ptolemy's Geographia," published in four editions from
    1522 - 1541. Together with Johannes Grüninger, Fries issued the two editions, 1522 and 1525, at     
    Johann Koberger in Strasbourg. The third edition with smaller maps appeared after the death of
    Grüninger and Fries in Lyon 1535 by Melchior and Gaspar Trechsel. The last edition was printed in
    Vienna 1541 by Gaspar Trechsel

  • (TownViews):
  • Grodno, 1568: Adelgauzera (artist) - Tsyundta (engraver): "Vero Designatio Vrbis in in Littavia
    Grodnӕ" (686 KB), depicting Grodno during preparations for the upcoming 1569 Lublin Union. In the
    foreground, Grigory Volovich -- Russian-Lithuanian noble, statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania,
    Mayor of Grodno (1558–1566), governor of Smolensk Voivodeship (1571–1577), elder of Mstsislaw  
    (1548–1567) -- welcomes czar Ivan the Terrible. In the upper right corner of the print is the text: "The
    true image of the city of Grodno in Lithuania. There his Polish Majesty kept the Diet, and where the  
    Grand Duke of Moscow, among 1200 people, has arrived, very beautifully dressed, and then the Turkish
    and Tatar ambassadors..."
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2017
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman
Antique Maps: