Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,719 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     832 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     569 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     227 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     189 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      175 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      160 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      122 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •        98 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        64 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        45 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, May 13 - 19: 9 maps; 1 improved image

Next update: May 26

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 56.0%; 2. Russia: 11.2%; 3. China: 6.2%; 4. Latvia: 5.9%; 5. Other: 20.7%

  • 1577 Portant (original 1573 mapmaker) - Ortelius (re-engraver) - Galle (second re-engraver, reducing
    Ortelius' plate/publisher): "Livoniae nuoa de scriptio Ioanne Portantio auctore," Antwerp, in an
    improved image (from 177 KB to 255 KB) of the uncolored version of this map from the first French edition of
    "Le Miroir du Monde"

  • 1623 Mercator (mapmaker) - Hondius (publisher): "LITHVANIA" (1.0 MB), Amsterdam, in a new, and   
    late, version from "Atlas sive Cosmographicae..." with French text on the verso. Mercator's first edition of this
    map appeared in 1595. Hondius purchased Mercator's plates in 1604, and editions continued well after   
    Hondius' death in 1612

  • 1678 [dated] de Rossi (publisher/printer) - Widman (engraver who copied Guillaume Sanson's map):    
    "Stati Della Corona Di Polonia Divisa..." (3.6 MB), Rome, in a new version. See the dated 1688, and
    undated c. 1692 and 1695 versions

  • 1683 Manesson-Mallet - Thierry (publisher): "Pologne" (550 KB), Paris, in a new version from Volume 4 [of
    5] of either the first (1683) or second (1685) French edition of  "Description de l'univers..." Once again, the
    colorist chose a unique boundary for "Pologne -- this time ignoring a dotted-line boundary on the plate

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • 1920 London Geographical Institute - George Philip & Son (publisher): "Europe Racial And
    Linguistic” (2.8 MB). CAUTION: if you try to go to the source site, it may attack your
    computer or smartphone!

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • c. 1710 P. Schenk I (publisher): "Regni Prussici Accuratissima Delineatio Studio Opera"       
    (1.3 MB), Amsterdam, with a cartouche I have not seen before. Schenk apprenticed to Gerard Valk,     
    and married Valk's sister. Working closely together on portraits and topographical prints, they began
    producing maps after acquiring the plates to Jansonnius' "Atlas Novus" in 1694. In 1695 they were    
    given  a charter to publish copies of Sanson's maps

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • Poole (historian/editor), in two maps from his 1902 "Historical Atlas of Modern Europe from the Decline
    of the Roman Empire: Comprising also Maps of Parts of Asia and of the New World Connected with
    European History," published in Oxford and London by Clarendon Press; by H. Frowde in New York:
  • "Poland and Lithuania Before the Union of Lublin, 1569" (2.6 MB), including an inset
    map: "Ecclesiastical Provinces of Gnesna, Riga and Lemberg in the XV Century"

  • "Poland and Lithuania After the Union of Lublin, 1569" (3.4 MB), showing lands lost    
    1660 - 1672, and lands lost after the First, 1772, Partition. Also two inset maps "Poland after the  
    2nd Partition, 1793," and "Poland after the 3rd Partition, 1795"

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope):
  • 768 – 814 Poole (historian/editor): "Europe in the time of Charles The Great" (Charlemagne)
    (3.8 MB), London, Oxford and New York, from his "Historical Atlas of Modern Europe..." Labels the  
    Baltic States/East Prussian area "Esthonia"

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1661-62 Duval (geographer/publisher) - Picart (engraver) A. de Fer (colorist/publisher):   
    "MOSCOVIE" (979 KB), Paris, from "Cartes de géographie revues et augmentées." The maps in that
    atlas were derived from those in Jean Boisseau's 1643 "Trésor des cartes," themselves taken from maps  
    in Janssonius' 1628 "Atlas Minor." The plates came to be possessed by Antoine de Fer who, after
    publishing a first edition in 1657,  made changes to the plates for editions in 1661 and 1662. Note the    
    area ascribed to "Lithvanie Partie"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps:
Detail: 768 – 814  
"Europe in the time of
Charles The Great"
Detail: 1920 "Europe
Racial and Linguistic"