Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,483 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     744 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     484 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     183 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     151 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     142 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       100 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       35 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       24 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

July 3 adds: 6 new maps; 3 new detail images; 2 improved images


Where do visitors to this site come from, and how do they get here?
As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. Lithuania: 38.4%; 2. USA: 18.1%; 3. Latvia: 10.2%; 4. Germany: 6.6%; 5. Other: 26.7%
74% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here nearly 6 minutes.

  • 1610 Mercator (mapmaker) - Hondius (publisher): "LITHUANIA," in an improved image (435 KB to 1.7
    MB) for the third of five versions on this site published that year, all from "Atlas Minor," which had 153
    miniature maps. First published 1607, the Hondius-Mercator pocket atlas was a reduced version of Mercator's
    1606 "Atlas sive Cosmographia." The smaller atlas was a big success for Hondius and his partners Claesz and
    Janssonius, and editions were published in Latin, French, Dutch, German, Russian, Turkish and English

  • 1660-1680 Janssonius Heirs (children of the original publisher): "Magni Dvcatvs Lithvaniae" (6 MB),
    Amsterdam. A reduction of the original 1613 Gerritsz - Blaeu map, this version was published by Johannes
    Janssonius van Waesbergen, who managed the Janssonius/Hondius business after the death of the founders,
    and who bought many of the engraved plates at auction in 1674

  • 1703 De L'Isle (cartographer): "La Pologne" (663 KB), Paris, in a second version. Compare with the 1702
    and 1707 versions

  • 1740 Seutter (engraver/globe-maker/publisher): "POLONIAE REGNUM ut et DUCAT. LITHUANIAE"
    (1.3 MB), Augsburg, in a second version from his "Atlas Minor." Compare with the 1744 and 1750 versions

  • 1752 Bowen (engraver/mapmaker/mapseller): "A New and ACCURATE Map of POLAND,  
    LITHUANIA &c..." London, adding three new detail images (242 KB, 277 KB and 240 KB)

  • 1921 Funk & Wagnall's: "Poland and Lithuania" (349 KB), showing unsettled boundaries: "Congress
    Poland", "(Polish) Acquired territory up to 1921"; "International Territory" ("Memel/Klajpeda" and "Free   
    City of Danzig"); "Old Lithuania" -- which includes "Vilna," "Lida," "Grodno" and the north end of "Congress  
    Poland"; "Territory Claimed by Poland" -- which includes the cities and territory just mentioned as part of   
    "Old Lithuania"

  • (MapsEthnographic): 1921 Świechowski (Member of Parliament, Wilna, in the Second Republic of
    Poland/political activist/editor of "Glocu Wilna" (Voice of Vilnius): "Le problème Lithuanien,"
    commentary and two maps in one image (6.1 MB), along with an image of the cover of the booklet offering two
    possible solutions to the "Lithuania problem" from a Polish point of view: let Lithuania be absorbed either by
    Germany/East Prussia, or by Poland

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795): 1000-1772 Wolf (mapmaker): "Karten zur Geschichte Polens und Des
    Westlichen Russlands," Leipzig and Vienna, in an improved image (from 239 KB to 713 KB).  The map in
    the new image is damaged, and is from an older edition -- the 4th edition of "Meyers Konv. Lexicon," published  
    1885- 92 vs. the 1908 edition -- but has superior clarity. The sheet is actually four maps: 1. "Polen (and
    Littauer) in the year 1000"; 2. "Polen, Littauen in the beginning of the 14th century"; 3. "Polen 1660-67"; and
    4. "Polen at the First Partition  of 1772"

200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: