Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,505  unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
  •     764 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     486 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     184 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     155 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     142 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •       100 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       35 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       24 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

July 24 adds: 7 new maps; 5 new detail images; 1 improved image


Where do visitors to this site come from, and how do they get here?
As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. Lithuania: 37.9%; 2. USA: 18.4%; 3. Latvia: 10.6%; 4. Germany: 6.1%; 5. Other: 27.0%
76% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, nearly 5 minutes.

  • Matthäus Seutter was an engraver, globe-maker and publisher. In 1697 he went to  Nuremberg and
    apprenticed as an engraver to Johann Baptiste Homann. Ten years later he returned to his home in Augsburg  
    to establish his own map publishing house, which became a primary competitor to Homann. Most of Seutter’s
    maps were copies of earlier work done by the Homann and Delisle firms – only about 40 were based on original
    work. On his death in 1757 the firm was carried on by Tobias Conrad Lotter, his son-in-law and his master
    engraver. Based on what I have learned about the states of his map "POLONIAE REGNUM ut et MAGNI
    DUCATUS LITHUANIAE," I have added some new images, and recategorized some existing ones
  • 1728: two new detail images of cartouches: one for the first state (1 MB), from with only numbers for
    border scales, and another (150 KB) from the second state of the map, which has letters added letters to
    the numbers on the border scales. In both cartouches, the last two lines are "Matth. Seutteri" and
    "Chalc. August," with no inscription below the engraving of the hunter

  • 1730: a new version of an entire map (.97 MB) and a detail of the cartouche (110 KB) of what I'm
    tentatively calling a third state of the plate, joining two other maps which had been called, by their   
    sources, second state. But these three maps resemble the second state with two major differences: there  
    is new verbiage, a new last line of the cartouche: "SAC.CNS. MAJ. GEOGR. AUG."and also an
    additional two lines of verbiage under the cartouche, under the engraving of the hunter.

  • 1744: A late printing of the third state of this map in high definition (10.3 MB) with outline color, only

  • 1744 Seutter (publisher) - Lotter (engraver): "POLONIAE REGNUM ut et MAGNI DUCAT.
    LITHUANIAE Accuratiss. Delin. opera et studio M. Seutteri, S.C.M. Geogr. Aug. Vindel. C. Privil.
    S.R. I. Vicariat. Tob. Conr. Lotter sculpsit."Augsburg, in a third version of a map with Lotter's cartouche
    from "Atlas minor praecipua orbis terrarum imperia..." Compare with the 1740 and 1750 versions

  • 1753 Seutter (publisher) - Lotter (engraver): "POLONIA SERAPHICO=OBSERVANS,"  in an improved
    image (from 141 KB to 352 KB)

  • 1773 Mayer (astronomer/mathematician/mapmaker) - Homann Heirs (publishers): "Mappa geogr
    aphica Regni Poloniae ex novissimis quotquot sunt mappis specialibus composita et a
    d L.L. stereo- graphicae projectionis / revocata a Tob. Mayero, S.C.S. Carte des etats de la Covro
    nne de Pologne," Nuremberg, in fifth (8.4 MB) and sixth (326 KB) versions, from "Atlas factice." The map,
    originally created by Mayer in 1757, was revised and reissued by Homann Heirs to reflect the First, 1772,
    Partition of Poland

  • 1793 Perks: "Poland and Prussia" (265 KB), London, from "The Youth's General Introduction to
    Geography...comprising a Complete Pocket Atlas," published by G.G. and J. Robinson. Also detail images of the
    map (417 KB) -- which, despite the publication date, shows pre-First, 1772, Partition boundaries, and of "Polish
    Flags" (147 KB), which include one for "Courland," but none for provinces within the Grand Duchy

  • (MapsLithuaniaInEurope): 1924 "Rand McNally Standard Map of Europe" (5.2 MB), Chicago, from
    their "Commercial Atlas of America." The map is notable, as far as this site is concerned, for its city names for
    Lithuania, none of which, although Lithuania had been an independent country for six years when the map was
    engraved, reflect Lithuanian nomenclature: "Kovno, Polangen, Salanti, Wekshni, Plunia, Memel, Jurburg,
    Rossieny, Vilkomir and Pilwitchki"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Cluver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: