Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,504 uniquely colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     830 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     564 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     229 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     188 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      173 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      146 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •     108 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, mostly showing Lithuania in and outside the Russian Empire
  •       60 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps  
  •       46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •       46 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •       39 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •       21 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, September 17 - 21: 8 maps

Next update: September 29

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 45.9%; 2. Russia: 11.4%; 3. Ukraine: 10.2%; 4. Latvia: 6.0%; 5. Other: 26.5%

  • c1680 Pitt (co-publisher) - Johannes I Janssonius van Waesbergen (co-publisher): "Magni Dvcatvs
    Lithvaniæ Caetrarumq Regionum illi Adiacentium exacta decrip..." (4.9 MB), Amsterdam, in the
    first uncolored version of a late re-issue of Janssonius' single sheet version (Blaeu also issued a single-sheet
    version), itself based on Blaeu's four-sheet version of Hessel Gerritsz's 1613 map. See the attribution just   
    above the lower left frameline: "Sumptibus [published by] Janssonio - Waesbergiar"

  • 1690 Valk (engraver/publisher) - Schenk (publisher): "MAGNI DUCATUS LITHUANIÆ..Nicolai
    Christophori Radziwil..," (5.0 MB), in a new image with "P. Schenk - G. Valk Cum Priv." just above the
    lower left frameline. Valk's "privilege" was granted 1686

  • 1765 Bourgoin (engraver/publisher): "Royaume de Pologne, Gd. Duche de Lithuanie et Royaume    
    de Prusse, a" Paris," in two versions from from his "Atlas Elementaire de la Geographie conentant les   
    quatre parties du Monde..," first published 1765. The first 1765 map (672 KB) cartouche has Bourgoin's name
    and the street address he had occupied since 1741. The second 1765 map (1.2 MB) cartouche has neither
    Bourgoin's name nor his address, which appears to have been removed from the plate. The two  neighboring
    images published 1766 have the full Paris address, which was changed in a 1784 edition of the atlas

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor): How can you accurately date the numerous examples of maps of "Regnum Borussiae"
    (the future East Prussia), when the cartouches all have exactly the same verbiage, commemorating the 1701
    inauguration of "FRIDERICI III," and all are attributed to "IOH. BAPTISTA HOMANNO, Norimbergae," even
    though the art surrounding the cartouche can be wildly different?
  1. You'll often see the claimed date on such maps as 1701 - 1714 (or 1715). That's because, in 1715, Homann
    got his "cum privilegio," having been appointed Imperial Geographer by Emperor Charles VI of the Holy
    Roman Empire. That not only protected, for a time, the authors in all scientific fields workers such
    printers, copper engravers, map makers and publishers, but it was also very important as a
    recommendation for potential customers. I'm sure you'll come across images of Homann's maps -- and   
    not just those of "Regnum Borussiae" -- with his "cum privilegio," that the source claims to be from   
    before 1715. Conversely, I have seen Homann's map, without the "cum privilegio," reprinted and   
    collected in atlases published as late as 1788!
  2. The cartouche wording is not always exactly the same -- you'll see differences in accent marks on words,
    and the inconsistent use of æ vs ae

    Here are three basic types of cartouche published 1701-14.  I will not burden this site with the endless images  
    of coloring variations of each basic type.
  • c1701-14 "REGNUM BORUSSIAE Gloriosis auspicijs Serenissimi e Potentissimi Princip FRIDERICI III,  
    PRIMI BORUSSIAE REGIS MARCH . ET ELECT BRANDENBURG. inauguratum die 18 Jan A. 1701, Geographice
    cum vicinis Regionibus adumbratum, a IOH. BAPTISTA HOMANNO, Norimbergae" (5.8 MB)

  • c1701-09 "REGNUM BORUSSIÆ..Norimbergæ." (8.4 MB), with different cartouche art

  • c1701-14 "REGNUM BORUSSIÆ..Norimbergæ." (6.4 MB) with different cartouche art

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • 1700 Wells (theologian/geographer) - Moxon (engraver): "A New Map of Denmark, Norway,
    Sweden & Moscovy, Shewing their Present General Divisions, Chief Cities or Towns, Rivers,
    Mountains, &c." (548 KB), Oxford, from his "A New Sett of Maps Both of Antient and Present
    Geography." As primarily a theologian, his map has symbols for "Bishops See" (an area of ecclesiastical
    jurisdiction) and "Patriarch's See." Swedish Livonia, a dominion of the Swedish Empire from 1629 until
    1721, has inexplicably been given the same color as Norway and Germany, while Prussia, with no dotted-
    line boundaries, is within Poland, as is "D' of Lithuania"
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2018
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.

From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: