LithuanianMaps.com
Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.





























What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,999 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     726 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     615 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     255 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     202 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      180 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      175 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      135 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      109 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        67 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        55 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        48 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          6 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, March 24 - April 5:
  • 12 maps, 8 of which are "New to this site"
  • 1 higher-magnification detail image
  • 1 town view

Next update: April 12

Whe
re do visitors to this site come from? Visitors' countries of origin, last 91 days:
1. USA: 56.7%; 2. Russia: 12.3%; 3. Latvia: 10.3%; 4. Other: 20.7%

  • New to this site: 1685 [dated] Sanson (original mapmaker) - Jaillot (geographer/publisher): "Estats de  
    Pologne..." (2.1 MB), Paris, in a map with two huge holes, in an image taken with my smartphone, as the
    source has not digitized it. See versions from 1675, 1692, 1708 and 1721

  • 1690 Danckerts Family (engravers/publishers): "Regni Poloniӕ et Ducatus Lithuaniӕ Volniӕ
    Podoliӕ Vcraniӕ Prvssiӕ et Cvrlandiӕ" (1.0 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version with Danckerts' "Cum
    Privelegio"

  • c.1692 Sanson (original mapmaker) - Jaillot (geographer) - Mortier (pirating publisher): "Estats de
    Pologne Subdivisés suivant l'estendue des Palatinats..." (1.2 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version

  • 1705 [dated] Schenk (engraver/publisher): "Friderico Augusto, vere Augusto, Polon. Lithuan.   
    Borus. Pomer., Regi. Duci. Principi., Saxon. Utr. Duci. S. Imp. Elect., Haec. Imperii. Sui.  
    Regna." (Poland at the time of Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony)
    (2.3 MB), Amsterdam, in a new version, along with a detail image of the cartouche to show the almost
    completely erased date, which led the source to mistakenly date this map 1700

  • 1786 [dated] Brion de la Tour (cartographer) - Desnos (publisher): "Etats de Pologne et de Lithuanie:  
    Divisés par Palaunats et Provinces Ecclésiastiques avec le Roiaume de Prusse et le Duché de
    Curlande" (8.3 MB), Paris, from "Atlas général, civil, ecclesiastique et militaire: méthodique et élémentaire
    pour l'etude de la géographie et de l'histoire," first published 1766, with later editions in 1772, 1782 and the one
    from which this map came

  • New to this site: 1921 Kenyon Co. (mapmaker) - Heald Co. (publisher): "Map of Western Russia and  
    the Ukraine Republic" (2.4 MB), Des Moines, depicting a Poland that includes Minsk, and a Russia, with no
    Baltic States, that includes "Vilna" and Lida

  • New to this site: 1928 Baltischer Verlag (mapmaker) - Amerikanu Petrolejas Kompanija (publisher):  
    "Latvijas Satiksmes Ceļu Karte 1, 2, 3, 4" (Latvia transport roadmap) in four maps (7.5 MB, 6.8
    MB, 7.4 MB, 7.6 MB), Riga, depicting, among other things, gas station locations

  • (MapsEthnographic):
  • New to this site: c. 1930 "Carte de la Repartition: population polonaise territoire
    historique Pologne" (Distribution of Polish population across areas of former Poland)  
    (9.0 MB), based on data from the 1897 Russian census, and early 20th century Prussian censuses

  • (MapsRussiaInEurope):
  • New to this site: c. 1650 N. I Visscher (engraver/ publisher): "MOSCOVIÆ seu RUSSIÆ
    MAGNÆ...POLONIA..." (3.9 MB), Amsterdam, depicting "Littaw" unconnected to "Polonia"

  • (TownViewsA-J): 1575 Braun (engraver/publisher) & Hogenberg (publisher): "Grodna" (9.3 MB),    
    Cologne, in an uncolored version from "Civitates Orbis Terrarum,"  first published in Cologne in 1572. Over a
    hundred different artists and cartographers engraved copper plates from drawings, the most significant being
    Antwerp artist Georg Hoefnagel, who not only contributed most of the original material for the Spanish and
    Italian towns but also reworked and modified those of other contributors, including Münster's German views
    from the 1550 and 1572 editions of his "Cosmographia." Braun added to the maps figures in local dress,  
    because, he said, he believed the plans would not then be scrutinized for military secrets by the Turks, as their
    religion forbade them from looking at representations of the human form
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
BEFORE VIEWING SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©
LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
engraving.
From
Jonathan Potter:
jpmaps.co.uk
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From
WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com
Detail, c. 1650 Visscher:
"MOSCOVIÆ..."
Detail, 1705 Schenk
"Friderico..."