Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it "...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..." My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.
What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
- Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
- Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
- Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
- Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
- The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
- Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
- Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
- Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps
Totals to date:
I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints -- all with
- 2,821 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area; many are in high definition
- 787 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
- 507 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
- 193 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
- 168 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
- 151 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
- 116 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
- 58 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and analyses of their maps
- 39 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
- 27 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
- 0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational
source attributions at the image.
June 24 adds: 10 maps; 13 detail images; 1 improved image: identified at their image as "NEW"
until the next update. Also 1 new map resource.
Next update: July 1
A Lithuanian site specializing in maps of the Baltic States: Old Maps or Senizemelapiai
Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 25.8%; 2. Latvia: 16.0%; Lithuania: 9.4%; 4. Russia: 7.4%; 5. Other: 41.4%
- 1680 Wit (engraver/publisher): "DUCATUUM LIVONIÆ et CURLANDIÆ. Nova Tabula..." (561 KB),
Amsterdam, in a fourth version
- 1700 Valck (engraver/publisher): "Tabula DUCATUUM LIVONIÆ et CURLANDIÆ..." (2.2 MB),
Amsterdam, in a sixth differently-colored version
- c1720 Moll (cartographer/engraver/publisher): "POLAND" (380 KB), London., in a second version.
Compare with the 1701 version
- 1793 Clouet (geographer/cartographer): “Pologne,” Paris, 32 x 55 cm., from "Géographie Moderne," in an
improved image (from 52 KB to 1.8 MB), which has allowed me to eliminate two detail images. Compare with
similar maps from 1787 and 1791
- 1795 G.M. Cassini (painter/engraver): "I Governi di Nowogorod, Bielogorod e Kiowia coi Dvcati di
Livonia e di Estonia Nell' Impero della Russia in Europa" (1.9 MB), Rome, in a second version.
Misattributed by the source to Giovanni Domenico Cassini, who died 83 years before this map was published
by a descendant
- 1897 (Anon.): "КАРТА ВНЛЕНСКОЙ ГУБЕРНIИ" (Map of Vilna guberniya) (1.2 MB)
- 1907 (Anon.): "КАРТА КОВЕНСКОЙ ГУБЕРНIИ" ((Map, Kovno guberniya) (6.8 MB)
- 1923 (Anon.): "Kauno Planas" (8.1 MB), Kaunas, from "Sieninis kasdieninis nuplėšiamas kalendorius"
(Daily tear-off wall calendar), with business advertisements
- 1858 Winckelmann et fils (publishers): "Tableaux Ethnographique" (828 KB), Berlin. "Lithuaniens"
on this map include "Litvines," "Samoghitiens," and "Lettons," and they comprise 3.9% of the population
in "Pologne," 79.4% in "Courlande," 82.9% in "Kovno," 45.0% in "Vilna," 0.4% in "Grodno," 19.1% in
"Vitebsk," and 5.5% in "Prusse"
- 1906 Aïtoff (mapmaker): "Carte Ethnographique de la Russie d' Europe, dressé par D. Aïtoff
: d'après les donnè du premier recensement de la population de l'Empire Russe (1897)
, publiées en Février 1905" (Peoples and languages of Russia after the last Russia
n census: with a legend showing colors. Subtitle: Ethnographic Map of the European Russia
created by D. Aitoff: according to the first census of the population of the Russian Empire ,
published in February 1905), (overall map in three images: 291, 363, 160 KB), Paris, published by
Librairie Armand Colin. Also three detail images (300, 240, 81 KB)
- c1935 Kettler (geographer/cartographer) - Flemming (publisher): "Völkerkarte von Nordpolen
und Ostdeutschland" (Ethnic Map of North Poland and East Germany [and Lithuania])
(181 KB), Berlin/Glogau. Nationalities shown with separate colors: "Deutsche, Evangel. Masuren,
Evangel. Wenden, Kassuben, Letten, Litauer, Polen, Russen, Russische Ostjuden, Tschechen, Ukrainer,
Weißrussen, Dänen, Schweden." Also ten detail images of the Lithuanian area
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
by Aras Mileska
|When viewing this site repeatedly, ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
SO THAT YOU DON'T SEE AN OLD, CACHED, VERSION!
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski) is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake (also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig (Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous. (From Wikipedia)
|The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents © LithuanianMaps.com, LLC, 2016
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
|The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
|French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter: jpmaps.co.uk
|German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson. From WikiCommons
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae...,"Leyden, from
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 - mid-1700's. From Barry Lawrence
Ruderman Antique Maps: www.raremaps.com