Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Kapočiūnas) and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, and Belarus -- if you or
your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,128 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     527 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps showing the area in fine detail
  •     134 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     125 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •         58 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       33 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •        13 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1922, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

July 25 adds: 10 new maps; 1 detail map image

Seeing text boxes mysteriously overlapping map images, or with text cut off? I fix it one week, only to
see it reappear, or change, the next week. Blame software "engineers" (coders who probably got this
title instead of a raise) at Yahoo! Small Business, who created errors while adjusting to the latest
versions of Java software -- they completely screwed up how text boxes work. Their stance? Fixing the
problem they created is on a list of potential "product enhancements" -- which means they will take
their own sweet time to fix their errors. I apologize in their behalf, because they won't.

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 27.6%; 2. Latvia: 13.3%; 3. Lithuania: 12.7%; 4. Germany: 9.7%; Other: 36.7%
80% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they each spend nearly 6 minutes here

  • 1859 Chrzanowski (cartographer): "Karta dawnej [former] Polski," Paris, at 1:300 000, published as 36
    loose sheets with a title page. This week I'm posting two of what will be nine incredibly-detailed maps:
  • "S.2. RYGA" (Riga) (6.5MB)
  • "S.3. LUCIN" (Ludza) (6.2MB), displaying the area due east of Riga, up to the Russian border

  • 1929 Stefczyk: "LITWA Schemat linij komunikacyjnych sieci wodnej i zalesienia" (...Map of
    lines of communication, water and forest cover), in two images, (358KB, 284KB), as published in
    "Lithuania, military-geographical and statistical overview," in the military periodical "Bellona," named for
    the Roman Goddess of War, sister of Mars

  • 1940 "Baltische Staaten..." (302KB), Leipzig, from "Meyers Grosser Hausatlas," first published 1938. Also
    a detail image of "LITAUEN," which, at the time, included "Wilna"

  • (MapsEthnographic): Two maps from 1837 by Polish-German activists Bansemer and Falkenhagen-Zaleski,
    from the James Wyld, London-published, "Atlas Containing Ten Maps of Poland Exhibiting the Political
    Changes That Country Has Experienced During the Last Sixty Years, From 1772 to the Present Time...
    Compiled from the Works of Malte-Brun, Stanislas Plater, Lelewel, Swienicki, Ruhiere, Ferrand, Balbi,
    Schnitzler, Hassel, L. Chodzko and Other Eminent Writers"
  • "POLAND and the Neighboring Countries according to the Languages of the Inhabitants"
    (7.7MB) "Lithuanian" is shown as the majority language as far east as "Smorgonie" (Bel.: Смаргонь;
    Lith.: Smurgainys) and as far south as Lida and Grodno
  • "POLAND and the Neighboring Countries according to the Religion of the Majority" (7.6
    MB) "Polish Liefland" is colored "Roman Catholic," as is today's western Belarus almost to Minsk

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795): 1789 An accurately-labeled contemporary, Polish-language, depiction of the
    Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in that year, followed by (in "MapsLithInEurope") two disparate views of
    the Commonwealth as part of political maps depicting Europe that same year -- after the partition of 1772, but
    before the May 3, 1791 constitution, and before the partitions of 1793 and 1795:
  • 1789 Mathiasrex: "Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów" (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth)
    (1.2MB), showing administrative divisions after the First Partition

  • (MapsLithInEurope): 1789
  • Brue (geographer/publisher) - P.E. Levasseur (historian/geographer): "Carte Generale L'Europe
    en 1789" (3.2MB), Paris, from  Brue's 1875  -- and last -- edition of "Atlas Universel De Geographie
    Physique, Politique, Ancienne Et Moderne...," first published 1822, and, by now with many maps not
    updated, although the boundaries of the post-First-Partition Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth are
    accurate. "Lithuanie" is given no specific boundary within "Roy. de Pologne"
  • (Anon.) "Europe in 1789" (169KB), published 1935 by Houghton Miflin, is notable for not mentioning
    the Grand Duchy of Lithuania at all within "K. of Poland," labeling only "Courland" in its proper location

  • (MapsHistoricalAfter1795) 1918 "Kingdom of Lithuania" (126KB), in a contemporary, made-for-the-
    Internet, depiction. The "(Second) Kingdom of Lithuania" was a constitutional monarchy approved by a split
    Council of Lithuania in mid-1918, as an attempt to preserve the independence declared February 16. On June
    4, 1918, they voted to offer the Lithuanian throne to the German noble Wilhelm, 2nd Duke of Urach. Duke
    Wilhelm accepted the offer in July 1918, took the name Mindaugas II, but never visited Lithuania. As it became
    clear that Germany would lose the war, Lithuania suspended its decision to invite Duke William in November
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
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1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2013
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery