Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 3,860 uniquely-colored maps of the historic-Lithuanian area in downloadable jpegs
  •     761 higher-magnification detail images of some of those maps, where the basic image is not high-definition
  •     604 topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     230 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published long after the time depicted
  •     191 political maps of Europe from 900 to 1942 showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •      176 19th century and earlier town views, plans, and prints
  •      172 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •      127 maps of European Russia, 1562 - 1944, showing Lithuania within and outside the Russian Empire
  •      101 maps of Lithuania Minor / Prussian Lithuania
  •        66 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations and keys to identifying states of their maps    
  •        53 sea charts of the Baltic, 1547 - 1946, focusing on the seacoasts of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •        46 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs  
  •        25 playing/collectible cards with images of maps
  •          5 articles about maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  •         0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

Adds, October 4 - 13: 10 maps; 1 greatly-improved map image

Also: I will be awarding a prize, in Vilnius on November 22, for an original map -- by a
resident of Lithuania -- depicting an environmental problem in Lithuania. Details, in
Lithuanian, at
Kapociunas Map Award

Next update: October 20

Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
USA: 57.4%; 2. Russia: 10.1%; 3. Ukraine: 5.8%; 4. China: 5.3%; 5. Other: 21.4%

  • 1675 [dated] Sanson (cartographer) - Jaillot (publisher): "Estats de La Couronne de Pologne: ou sont
    les Royaume de Pologne, Duchés et provinces de Prusse, Cuiavie, Mazovie, Russie Noire &c.
    Duchés de Lithuanie, Volhynie, Podolie &c. de L'Ukraine &c.” (13.2 MB), Paris, in a new version
    made up of two joined maps

  • 1679 Zürner (priest/cartographer): "POLONIA & LITHUANIA Cum suis Palatinatibus" (611 KB),
    Amsterdam, in a new version from his edition of Sanson's "Atlas of the world"

  • 1735 (?) Seutter (publisher): "Poloniæ Regnum ut et Magni Ducatus Lithuaniæ" (2.4 MB), Augsburg,
    in a second version with a claimed date of 1735 -- but added to my page "Maps1721-31," where the claimed
    dates for all the other examples of the First, Second, and Third states of the plate are 1727-28

  • 1739 [dated] Doppelmayr (mapmaker for Johann Homann) - Homann Heirs (publisher) - Adelbauer  
    (printer): "Regni Poloniӕ, Magnique Ducatus g. Lithuaniӕ Nova et exacta tabula, ad mentem
    STAROVOLCII descripta" (A new and detailed map of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand
    Duchy of Lithuania, described according to Starovolski) (1.2 MB), Nürnberg, in a new version
    dated, but not necessarily published, in 1739, from the "Atlas factice." This is the Fifth State of the cartouche.
    Szymon Starovolski (1588-1656), also known as Starowolski and as Simon Starovolscius -- born into an
    impoverished Lithuanian noble family -- was a historian, geographer and prolific author on the Polish-
    Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • c. 1751 A. Allard (original engraver/publisher, c. 1700) - Covens & Mortier (publisher): "Sedes Belli [Seat   
    of War] in POLONIA et in Moscoviæ, Turciæ terminis," Amsterdam, in two new high-definition images
    (10.1 MB, 7.6 MB) possibly published in "Atlas Nouvel Militaire." The Russo-Turkish Wars were a series of
    wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire between the 17th and 20th centuries, one   
    of the longest series of military conflicts in European history

  • 1778 Seutter (mapmaker) - Lotter (engraver) - Will (publisher): "Poloniæ Regnum ut et Magni Ducat
    Lithuaniæ..," Augsburg, in a greatly-improved image (from 158 KB to 1.5 MB). Lotter cropped and reduced
    Seutter's original map for a miniature atlas: "Atlas Minor"

  • 1783 [dated] Lattré (engraver/publisher) - Bonne (cartographer): "ROYAUMES DE POLOGNE ET DE
    PRUSSE, avec privilège du Roi " (676 KB), Paris, from Lattré's "Atlas encyclopédique." Depicts the Polish-
    Lithuanian Commonwealth after the First, 1772, Partition

  • 1806 [dated] Herisson (geographer/mapmaker/publisher): "Carte du royaume de Prusse, de la
    Pologne et de la Lithuanie où l'on peut suivre exactement la marche des Armées Françaises"
    (9.2 MB), Paris, in a new version based on maps compiled by Bonne, depicting the area at the time of the
    creation of the Duchy of Warsaw by Napoleon

  • 1810 [dated] Herisson (geographer/mapmaker/publisher): "Carte du royaume de Prusse, de la  
    Pologne et de la Lithuanie où l'on peut suivre exactement la marche des Armées Françaises"
    (13.1 MB), Paris, updating boundaries and labels from the 1806 version

  • (MapsLithuaniaMinor):
  • 1624 J. Harris (engraver) - Clüver (publisher): "Prussiæ nova tabula" (1.3 MB), London, based on
    Henneberger's map, first used by Blaeu and Hondius, from Senex's "Introductio in Universam
200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5")
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of Kings,
from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory and
satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The Twelfth
Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.There are
at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one color
painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le Mire
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake shows the
rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia.
Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some variants of the
engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the territories around
it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg Emperor Joseph II.
On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the engraving) is experiencing
difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the scene is Pheme (with
manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained notoriety in contemporary
Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France. This ban, and associated
penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2019
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
as long as credit is given to both the original source and this site
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original
Jonathan Potter:
German version
by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery
1697 Philipp Clüver: "Veteris et Novae Regni Poloniae Magniq Ducatus Lithuaniae..." Leyden. From  
"Introductionis in Universam Geographicum," issued 1650 -  mid-1700's.
From Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps: