Hello/Labas! I'm Andrew Kapochunas (Andrius Kapočiūnas, born in the Lithuanian-Estonian
Displaced Persons camp in Kempten - Allgäu, Germany)
and this site reflects my interest in maps of the
historic Lithuanian area:"The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," 1569 - 1791,
followed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the "Polish Republic," 1791-1795. At one point it
covered 400,000 square miles and was the largest country in Europe. According to Steven Seegel, in his
2012 "Mapping Europe's Borderlands," it
"...comprised parts of 14 Central and East European countries
-- Austria, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast,
Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine..."
 My focus
here is the area represented today by the three Baltic republics, eastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast,
and Belarus -- if you or your ancestors are from these areas, you will find maps here of interest.

What hasn't existed, before this site, is a single source for:
  • Information on mapmakers of this historic Lithuanian area
  • Historic-Lithuanian-area map images, sorted by date depicted, published from 1507 to 1954
  • Ethnographic and historical maps of the historic Lithuanian area from pre-history to World War II
  • Political maps of Europe showing historic Lithuania and/or Poland
  • The history that explains the shifting boundaries of Lithuania
  • Sites selling historic and contemporary maps of the historic Lithuanian area
  • Biographies of mapmakers of this area, hotlinked to their maps
  • Global auctions and fairs for historic-Lithuanian-area maps

Totals to date:
  • 2,374 unique maps, total, showing the historic-Lithuanian area
  •     654 additional higher-magnification detail images of those maps
  •     450+ topographic maps from the 19th century onwards showing the area in fine detail
  •     173 historical maps of the Lithuanian area -- maps created and published  long after the time depicted
  •     149 political maps of Europe showing Lithuania and/or Poland
  •     140 19th century and earlier town views, prints -- and reverse sides of map playing/collectible cards
  •        95 ethnographic maps, categorizing peoples by tribe, language and/or religion
  •       54 mapmaker biographies, many with illustrations
  •       34 hotlinks to additional map resources, including upcoming map fairs
  •       21 sea charts of the Baltic, 1584 - 1944, focusing on the sea around Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  •          0 advertisements or items for sale: this site is 100% educational

I try to update the site every Friday, listing the newly-added maps, town views and prints.

February 27 adds: 10 maps; 9 detail images; 1 greatly-improved image


Where do visitors to this site come from? As of this week, visitors' countries of origin:
1. USA: 24.0%; 2. Latvia: 15.0%; 3. Lithuania: 14.2%; 4. Germany: 8.2%; Other: 38.6%
78% of all visitors to this site each week are new, and they stay here, on average, over 5 minutes

  • 1601 Ortelius (mapmaker/publisher) - Galle (publisher/engraver -- although he is better known as an  
    engraver of old master paintings than of maps): "Polonia" (142 KB), Antwerp, in a third version of a map
    originally created by Ortelius from his landmark 1570 "Theatrum orbis terrarum" (Theatre of the world), re-
    drawn by his collaborator Galle for the first pocket atlas: "Epitome Theatri Ortelani," published by Jan Baptise
    Vrients (who got rights to the plates in 1601), in French, Latin, Italian and German editions. The pocket atlas
    was  republished in authorized and plagiarized versions by various publishing houses for over 100 years

  • 1692 Two maps by Müller (geographer/cartographer) - Bodenehr (engraver/publisher): "Litthauen,"     
    and "Pohlen" (400 KB), Ulm, both from "Kurtz- bündige Abbild- und Vorstellung der Gantzen Welt.... " The
    "Litthauen" map is a greatly improved image (68 KB to 368 KB) previously attributed to an anonymous
    mapmaker in 1690; the "Pohlen" map is new, and actually shows more of Lithuania at that time than the
    "Litthauen" map

  • 1696 Jaillot (sculptor/geographer/publisher): "Estats de la Couronne de POLOGNE: presenté A
    Monseigneur le Duc de Bourgogne" (258 KB), Amsterdam, published by Mortier. Also three detail images
    (374, 371 and 266 KB). See the sixth state of this map, from 1792, by Elwes

  • 1756 Jeffreys (engraver/publisher): "POLAND LITHUANIA and PRUSSIA" (234 KB), London, in a colored
    version to complement the existing uncolored version, both  from Thomas Salmon's "A New Geographical and
    Historical Grammar." Compare with the 1752 and 1754 versions

  • 1770 de Folino (engraver) - Gröll (publisher): "Carte générale et nouvelle de la Pologne toutte du
    Grand Duché de Lithuanie" (244 KB), Warsaw, as an oversize folding map mounted on linen. Also six   
    detail images (472 to 671 KB). Re-issued by de Folino in 1772, and by Schrämbl in 1788 and 1801

  • 1797 Cassini (engraver/geographer/globe-maker/cartographer): "LA POLONIA Divisa, Nell Sue
    Antiche Province E delineata quelle ultime osservazioni" (Poland in her ancient provinces,
    according to the latest observations) (420 KB), Rome. This is the opening map of a suite of five, showing,
    in each corner, the four cartouches of the maps that follow. Cassini copied, and slightly reduced, Rizzi-Zannoni's
    1772 map. This site previously had only the first detail sheet (foglio) -- now, the cover map and three new
    sheets  (the second, and two versions of the third) have been added. I am still looking for the fourth sheet,  
    which is of the southeast part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • "Foglio Secondo" (Second Sheet) (177 KB), depicting the northeast quadrant
  • "Foglio Terzo" (Third Sheet) in two different versions (2.7 MB, 2.8 MB)   

  • (MapsHistoricalUpTo1795):
  • Babirecki (Polish high school teacher/mapmaker): "Polska wieku XV" (Poland in the 15th
    Century) (7.1 MB), Warsaw, from “Trzy mapy Polski...” published after 1918 by Gebethner & Wolff

200 metų ąžuolas. 200-
year-old oak in
Mažeikiai, Lithuania,
by Aras Mileska
When viewing this site repeatedly,  ALWAYS RELOAD/REFRESH (or try "Ctrl" + "F5") BEFORE VIEWING
1773 Robert Sayer (pubisher): "The Troelfth Cake (also the The Twelfth Cake, The Royal Cake, The Cake of
Kings, from the French: Le gâteau des rois, Polish: Kołacz królewski, Placek królewski)
is a 1773 French allegory
and satire for the First Partition of Poland. It is likely that the original title in English was intended to say "The
Twelfth Cake," alluding to the division of a King Cake
(also called a Twelfth Cake), but corrupted in later reprints.
There are at least four variants of this drawing, most common in the form of an engraving, but also as at least one
color painting; the original was likely drawn by Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune and engraved by Nicolas Noël Le
(although another source calls them merely the authors of the most famous variant). The Troelfth Cake
shows the rulers of the three countries that participated in the partition tearing apart a map of the Polish-
Lithuanian Commonwealth. The outer figures demanding their share are Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of
Prussia. Catherine is glaring at her former lover, the Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and (in some
variants of the engraving) Frederick is pointing to Danzig
(Gdańsk) with a sword (although Prussia acquired the
territories around it, Gdańsk still remained with the Commonwealth). The inner figure on the right is the Habsburg
Emperor Joseph II. On his left is the beleaguered Stanisław August Poniatowski, who (in some variants of the
engraving) is experiencing difficulty keeping his crown on his head, and in another, has already lost it. Above the
scene is Pheme (with manifestos from the partitioning powers in the German variant). The drawing gained
notoriety in contemporary Europe; its distribution was banned in several European countries, including France.
This ban, and associated penalties, meant that many variants of this work have been anonymous.
(From Wikipedia)
The mission and intent of this site: 100% educational, 100% non-commercial
Contents ©, LLC, 2015
Images may be reproduced or transmitted for non-commercial use without permission
The First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: 1772
French original engraving.
From Jonathan Potter:
German version by Johannes
Esaias Nilson.
From WikiCommons
Jean-Michel Moreau.
From WikiGallery